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Review of an Environmental Impact Statement on a proposed piggery.

Review of an Environmental Impact Statement on a proposed piggery.

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An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by John O Connor. Originally submitted for Environmental Health at Dublin Institute of Technology, with lecturer Todd Redmond in the category of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by John O Connor. Originally submitted for Environmental Health at Dublin Institute of Technology, with lecturer Todd Redmond in the category of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/27/2013

 
 Abstract:
The scope for this assignment was:
 Referring to an EIS on a proposed piggery that you have reviewed, comment on how effectively it deals with the following areas:1.
 
The assessment of impacts arising from the proposed development that could pose athreat (direct or indirect) to the health and/or safety of the local community.2.
 
 Impact mitigation and monitoring.
Under Article 28 of the Planning and Development Regulations 2001-2006, the planningauthority must give notice to specific bodies of planning applications received. Under Section 24of the Planning and Development Act 2000 and also under Section 6 of the Planning and
Development Regulations 2001, the Health Service Executive is deemed to be a “
Prescribed 
 Body”.
This means that they are to be informed when a planning application is made which mayhave a considerable impact on the health of the public. Also under Irish Planning Legislation theHSE is considered to be a consultee, meaning they have a vested interest in particular projects.As the main group in Ireland whose duty it is for health services, care and health promotion, theHSE has a rightful interest in the planning procedure so they can improve any negative healthimpacts.One particular HSE Department which receives the EIS is the Environmental HealthDepartment. The EIS gives information which the local authority uses to decide whether or notto grant planning permission. The same information is then used by the HSE to assess thesuitability of the proposed project and its effects. The remarks from the HSE may then used bythe planning authority to make its decision. 60% of remarks are used by the planning authoritywhen making their decisions.
EIS’ are received by EHO’s from a number of different sources, including:
 
 
Submissions as part of a planning application put forward to local authorities. The
Environmental Health Department is sent these EIS’ for comment and review.
 
 
Planning objections received by An Bord Pleanála. The Bord then seeks advice froma number of public bodies including the HSE.
 
EIS’ submitted as part of a Strategic Infrastructural Development (SID) application.
 
EIS’ are constructed in order to foresee and avert impacts in a method which is the basis of all
Environmental Health
work “prevention is better that a cure”
 
An EHO’s role in terms of EIAs and EIS’s is purely advisory but it is still a valuable role nonethe less. EHO’s have a wide range of knowledge and this is why planning authority’s seek their 
opinions on such matters. The Environmental Health Officer has the potential to influence a
 
planning decision based on their report and therefore hold a very valuable and importantposition.
Title:
Review of an Environmental Impact Statement on a proposed piggery.
 Definition:
The Environmental Protection Agency defines an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as:
“The process by which the anticipated effects on the environment of a proposed development or  project are measured.”
 
If the results of the assessment show that by building the development, undesirable effects on theenvironment are probable then changes will need to be made to correct these potential problems.These measures are known as mitigation measures.Generally an Environmental Impact Statement is then prepared. (EIS) This EIS is constructed bythe developer of the project and should contain an evaluation of all the effects of thedevelopment on the environment. This includes both beneficial and detrimental effects. The EISshould contain details on the effects on the following:People Flora Fauna Soil Water Air Landscape Cultural Heritage of the areaThe legislation that deals with EIA is the Environmental Assessment Directive (CouncilDirective 85/337/EEC). Annex I of this Directive list the projects which have to carry out amandatory EIA. This ranges from incinerators to thermal power stations. Annex II list theprojects which may require an EIA, however this is decided upon the Local Authority if they willrequire and EIA or not. One of the projects in Annex II is pig-rearing installations.
 Part A)
Comment on the assessment of impacts arising from the proposed development that could pose athreat (direct or indirect) to the health and/or safety of the local community.
The piggery I have chosen for this assignment is:
 Hyde Park Pig Farm, Old Town, Hyde Park, Killucan, Co. Westmeath.
The EIS in this case was prepared by C.L.W Environmental Planners Ltd.The areas which the assessment covered were the effects on:
 
 Humans:
This particular section was split into different categories and dealt with the impacts on:Recreational Activities Noise Malodours Water contamination on water bodiesThe Royal Canal is the main recreational facility in the area. It is used for fishing and boating.The piggery is not visible from the canal and will not be an eyesore for those making use of thecanal for recreation. The canal is used mostly at weekends and at evening times when anydeliveries to the piggery have stopped. This will ensure that there will be no disturbance noisedisturbance to those making use of the canal.The majority of the noise coming from the piggery will be from the pigs themselves, ventilationequipment and delivery trucks. However the EIA has established that the noise from thesesources will not go above 55dB(A) at any one time, therefore posing no threat to the people inthe area.It is recommended that a development such as a piggery be at least 100m away from any built upareas to ensure that malodours do not affect the inhabitants. This proposed piggery is 235m awayfrom the closest built up area, ensuring that there will be no affect on the area.The EIA has shown that the only water that will come in contact with a water body will be cleansurface/storm water. The developers have been in contact with the local authorities in the area inrelation to acceptable phosphorus levels. The EIA also shows that no landbanks/reserves will beaffected, proving that no contamination will happen due to the proposed piggery development.
Comments:
I felt that all the appropriate areas were covered; however my concern would be that theinformation is too old. This development was proposed to go ahead in 2009; however a lot of theinformation is from the early to mid 1990s. A lot could have changed since then. Morerecreational facilities could have come to the area, the land areas could have become morepopulated etc. I think a re-evaluation is required in order to be more accurate as this developmenthas the potential to affect a lot of people.
 Flora:
As with the previous topic, this section was also split into different categories, dealing with theimpact on flora at:Natural Heritage Areas (NHA) The Site The SpreadlandsThis section also deals with eutrophication and its potential effects on the vegetation at grasslandhabitats and aquatic habitats while also discussing different categories of plants such as marshplants and woodland plants amongst others.

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