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Final Year Thesis for Geo Event Maps

Final Year Thesis for Geo Event Maps

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An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Jennie Masterson. Originally submitted for Computer Science at University College Dublin, with lecturer Nicola Stokes in the category of Computer Sciences & Information Technology
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Jennie Masterson. Originally submitted for Computer Science at University College Dublin, with lecturer Nicola Stokes in the category of Computer Sciences & Information Technology

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 31, 2012
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10/27/2013

 
GeoEvent MapsFinal Year Project Interim Report
February 11, 2011
Jennie Masterson07303718
An interim report submitted in part fulfillment of the degree BA (Hons) in the school of Computer Science and Informatics under the supervision of Professor Joe Carthy.1
 
2
CONTENTS 
Abstract
GeoEvents is a real time web service that o
ff 
ers users a visual representation of crimeoccurrences in Ireland. It automatically updates as crime stories are added to an online newssource. It provides users with an easy way to find crime black spots in the areas they areinterested in. Currently there is no online crime map visualisation web service for Ireland. Thisproject report describes a real time crime map web service: from extracting and analyzing dataand creating a map service providing a visual display of the crime stories.
Contents
1 Project Specication 32 Introduction 3
2.1 Motivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32.2 Major Challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3 Background Research 5
3.1 Web 2.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.2 Google App Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.3 Geographic Information System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.4 Natural Language Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63.5 Related Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4 Progress Report 7
4.1 Data Acquisition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84.2 Data Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84.3 Document Filtering and Classication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94.3.1 Crime Story Filtering & Crime Type Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94.3.2 Rule Based Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94.3.3 Machine Learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94.4 Geotagging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104.4.1 C&C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104.5 Geo Disambiguation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124.5.1 GeoNames & Location Disambiguation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124.6 Visual Representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5 Future Work 14
 
3
1 Project Specification
Event analysis is a core Natural Language Processing task that focuses on the automatic identi-fication and classification of various event types in text. In this project, linguistic techniques willbe investigated for detecting pre-defined event types in a news stream (e.g., an RSS feed). In con- junction, a Geo-tagging technique will be developed which will assign geographical coordinates tospecific event types. These Geo-footprints will facilitate the map-based representation and visual-ization of news story events (using the Google Maps API). The scope of news events explored willbe confined to a particular domain, e.g. crimes - murders, attacks, robberies etc. The resultantnews event mapping web service will provide users with a quick and easy way to determine, forexample, crime black spots in certain geographical regions.
Mandatory:
Install and use open source linguistic processing tools (named entity detectiontool, part-of-speech tagger); preprocess news stories. Implement a simple ontological rule-basedGeo-tagging program that can disambiguate di
ff 
erent place name in news stories. Evaluate theperformance of the Geo-tagger
Discretionary:
Build a news event classification system (using Weka and output of linguisticprocessing tools as features). Evaluate the accuracy of the event classifiers (training and testmaterial available)
Exceptional
: Develop a fully-functional GeoEvent mapping web service by integrating theGeo-tagging and event detection systems. Run a small user study evaluating user satisfaction withthe system.
2 Introduction
Why would a map of crime be useful? People are always trying to decide on a nice area to move to,a school for their child, a safe route to walk home or just being aware of the types of crime goingon around them. Map applications emerging from the success of web 2.0 are becoming increasinglymore popular. With the crime rate always increasing, Ireland is becoming a more dangerous placeto live. Unfortunately information about crimes in Ireland is not publicly available. Therefore,the only information freely available to citizens regarding crime are news reports. According to [8] “Some 22pc of Irish people have been recent victims of crime, compared to the EU average of just15pc”. Therefore, Ireland’s crime rate is far above the EU average. In other countries such as theUnited States information on criminal activity is freely available to the public as a results crimeanalysis is made easier. It allows the public to be aware of the unlawful acts occurring near themand their families.
2.1 Motivation
Applications incorporating maps are becoming increasingly popular with more businesses usingmaps to give customers directions and applications to show services in the local area. Due to thefact that there are a greater number of Geo location APIs available to developers such as Googlemaps, Bing maps and Yahoo maps applications involving these services are becoming popular.Although crime data is not readily available to the general public in Ireland, a recent publicationfrom the Irish crime correspondent, Paul Reynolds [5] revealed the following: “The majority of people locked up in Mountjoy jail – 56% came from six very similarly deprived communities in

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