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Risk-Factors for Reporting Unwanted Sex in China

Risk-Factors for Reporting Unwanted Sex in China

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An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards (International Programme) Competition by Moira Johnson. Originally submitted for Sociology at McGill University, with lecturer Bobby Das in the category of Social Studies
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards (International Programme) Competition by Moira Johnson. Originally submitted for Sociology at McGill University, with lecturer Bobby Das in the category of Social Studies

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/26/2014

 
1Final Term PaperRisk-Factors for Reporting Unwanted Sex in China4,999 words
 
2
 Abstract:
The China Health and Family Life Survey reveals new information about the prevalenceof and risk-factors for unwanted sex in China. Unwanted sex in China is an important issue toaddress because of findings in multiple nations that indicate the many negative impacts of unwanted sexual encounter. Whether as a result of violent coercion or not, the impacts of unwanted sexual encounters may include lower self-esteem and depression, as well as increasedrisk of exposure to sexually transmitted diseases. An examination of the risk-factors forunwanted sexual encounter will help policy advocates to better target preemptive actions andsupport services at those most likely to experience unwanted sex.As expected, the results reveal that gender is the most important predictor of experiencingunwanted sexual encounter. When coefficients are standardized, being female is found to be analmost eight times better predictor of reporting unwanted sex than age. Also as predicted, theresults demonstrate that education acts as a mediator for the effects of place. Both of thesefindings confirm that policies aimed at addressing the negative impacts of unwanted sex need tofocus on gender inequalities and consciousness-raising so that both men and women will be moreaware of unwanted sex and its consequences. Income has a stronger positive effect thanexpected, so addressing income inequalities also help. Contrary to expectations, increased age ispositively associated with an increased likelihood of reporting unwanted sexual encounter. Newstudies should work to determine whether this is due to cohort effects, or whether older people inChina today are more likely to experience unwanted sex than younger individuals. Althoughgrowing up in a village as opposed to a city decreases the likelihood of reporting unwanted sex
 
3as expected, the positive association between growing up in a rural town and increasedlikelihood of reporting unwanted sex as opposed to a city needs to be investigated further.Key Terms:
Chinese social mores, unwanted sexual encounter, rural-urban divide, demographicrisk-factors, quantitative analysis
 

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