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A Model of Hyporheic Exchange Flow

A Model of Hyporheic Exchange Flow

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An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards (International Programme) Competition by Cristina Evans. Originally submitted for Project in Mathematics at University of St. Andrews, with lecturer Professor David Dritschel in the category of Mathematical & Physical Sciences
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards (International Programme) Competition by Cristina Evans. Originally submitted for Project in Mathematics at University of St. Andrews, with lecturer Professor David Dritschel in the category of Mathematical & Physical Sciences

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/31/2014

 
 
A Model of HyporheicExchange Flow
Using the Boussinesq equation
 
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Abstract
Understanding of aquifer-river interactions is becoming important due to the increasing need toeffectively manage aquatic environments, particularly to avoid the spread of pollutants. The one-dimensional Boussinesq equation for groundwater flow can be used to simulate hyporheic exchangeflow in an aquifer adjacent to a river channel. A model will allow for further understanding of theprocesses involved and can determine the sensitivity of the equation to input parameters based onthe physical properties of the fluid and aquifer of study. The model output is specific to two sites inthe Rhône River Valley in France, from which a further study will provide validation of the modelusing information about the water sourcing of riparian trees. When the river channel stage rises andfalls, the solutions are found to produce smooth waves that propagate into the domain. Thenumerical scheme used in this study is effective in coping with highly variable input data. The resultsappear to match the expected flow; however the validation of the model will ultimately determinethe ability of the model to accurately represent water table behaviour across the floodplain.Keywords: Boussinesq, hyporheic, exchange, flow, model
 
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Declaration
I declare that this Project is 6,460 words in length (excluding appendices and bibliography).

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