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A validation of inviscid pressure analysis routines against CFD simulations towards the development of a hypersonic air/spacecraft assessment toolkit

A validation of inviscid pressure analysis routines against CFD simulations towards the development of a hypersonic air/spacecraft assessment toolkit

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An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards (International Programme) Competition by Nathan Donaldson. Originally submitted for Engineering Applications 2a at Other, with lecturer Professor Richard E. Brown in the category of Engineering & Mechanical Sciences
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards (International Programme) Competition by Nathan Donaldson. Originally submitted for Engineering Applications 2a at Other, with lecturer Professor Richard E. Brown in the category of Engineering & Mechanical Sciences

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/05/2014

 
 
Word count (excluding abstract): 11274
A validation of inviscid pressure analysisroutines against CFD simulations towardsthe development of a hypersonicair/spacecraft assessment toolkit
 
 
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This thesis describes a series of hypersonic analyses which were carried out usingthe local surface inclination methods available through S/HABP (theSupersonic/Hypersonic Arbitrary Body Program), an item of software originallydeveloped by researchers at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, USA. Theanalyses were carried out in order to validate and compare the accuracy of certainrapid assessment techniques for use in the future design and optimisation of hypersonic air breathing vehicles (such as airliners and their single-stage-to-orbit,space access variants).This (currently experimental) class of aircraft is widely regarded by many to be thefuture of the aviation and space access industries due to the substantial cost andperformance benefits that the technology promises over those currently in use.Accordingly, there is a focussed effort dedicated to researching the development of such vehicles.One of the largest obstacles opposing these efforts is the difficulty with whichprospective designs are evaluated computationally. Currently, expensive andlengthy CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and DSMC (Direct Simulation MonteCarlo) analyses are required. The difficulty associated with running thesesimulations is a significant limiting factor which can discourage the development of hypersonic technology.As such, it is necessary to develop a fast, accessible and accurate method forperforming flight analyses on air/spacecraft in order to facilitate cheap designoptimisation studies.To this end, the validation exercises contained herein were carried out in order toascertain which previously documented rapid assessment techniques would bemost effective when applied to arbitrary test geometries using modern computingresources.
 
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A suite of MATLAB subroutines was written in order to convert the outdatedproprietary input and output formats used by S/HABP to usable data. Results fromthe analysis runs were then compared to first order accurate CFD analyses (whichutilised the same input geometries and boundary conditions) for validationpurposes.Several routines were excluded from the validation exercise due to theirredundancy and/or having been superseded by newer and more accurate methods.It was found that the tangent cone, modified Newtonian and shock expansionroutines showed good agreement over a range of geometry incidence angles, andwere therefore fit to be utilised as analysis techniques in future rapid assessmentprograms. However, flowfield interference between the individual components othe geometry heavily affected results in certain areas, and was not predicted by thestandalone rapid assessment techniques. Additionally, it was found that themodified Newtonian/Prandtl-Meyer routine severely overestimated the surfacepressure coefficients at low angles of incidence.It was therefore recommended that the tangent cone, modified Newtonian andshock expansion methods be incorporated into future hypersonic analysis toolkits.It was also recommended that a routine be devised to model the effects of flowfield interaction on prospective craft designs in order to maximise the accuracyof the rapid assessment technology.

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