D’ei Chochmah L’Nafshechah Parshas Ki Teitzei
Parshas Ki Teitzei
"- - ."
“When you wage war against your enemies, Hashem will give you victory overthem, so that you will take captives.”
The Voluntary War
On the words, “When you wage war against your enemies,” Rashi writes thattaking captives clearly refers to a
, a voluntary war for worthy reasons.In the conquest of the land of Israel, a
, Hashem commanded us tokill every person descended from the seven Canaanite nations who did not evacuate[even after seeing all the impressive miracles and being warned that Hashem wishedthem leave on penalty of death
]. On the words, “So that you will take captives,” Rashi
comments, “...This includes Canaanites, even though they are one of the seven nations.”[This must, therefore, be a voluntary war since otherwise it would have been forbiddento take captives.]In deeper terms the word
, voluntary, alludes to the Name
, whichis itself an acronym comprising the first letter of each word of the last verse of themystical
—“Accept oursupplications and hear our cries, Knower of all secrets.” [This forty-two word prayerwas composed by the Mishanaic sage Rav Nechunia ben Hakanah, and each initial letteris part of what is known as the “forty-two letter Name.”] The numerical value of
,[200 + 300 + 6 + 400 = 906] is equal to that of
[300 + 100 + 6 + 300 + 90
The lesson was delivered at the third meal of Shabbos.