In 1626 there was a key royal edict that extended the authority of theKing
‟s council over
the publishing community, and in particular, aimed to ceasepublication of pamphlets, which it had singled out as a major problem.
If one ignoredthese rules and published an anonymous tract, posted a political placard or spreadillegal political pamphlets, the punishment was death.
When pared with economicincentives such as patronage, the French government had an influential system of censorship and, as argued by Robert Darnton, this system of control and concessionswas principally created between 1618 and 1635.
This level of control had a substantial effect on the news culture of the day,creating a lack of access to news. There were titles such as
whichcontained chronological and detailed narratives of significant events, however thesewere rather histories, seldom published earlier than a year after the event.
the death of Louis XIII, he was „already forgotten‟ with the start of Queen Anne‟s
The pamphlets that were published contained of natural disasters, cosmicoccurrences, monstrous creatures and heinous crimes and remained an importantstaple of cheap print culture throughout the seventeenth century.
There has been debate amongst historians over the extent of censorship withinEngland during the 1620s and 1630s. Historians such as Kevin Sharpe and JohnMorill have argued that censorship attempts were rarely attempted and even when itwas it was on the whole ineffective. They both highlight the inadequacy of theinstitutions given the task of censorship and overall 'the state was not efficient enough[or] worried enough' to attempt to regulate the power of the press.
Anotherperspective is that of Shelia Lambert who argues what appears to be censorship, is infact attempts to control the Stationers Company.
However, it must be argued that in
Martin, livres 1:197-274, 1:51-57, 460-466, in Sawyer,
Ibid. p. 140
Ibid. pp. 6, 140
Ibid p. 7
Le Siècle de Louis XIV
, Paris, 1929, I, pp. 23-26 in
Marvick, Elizabeth, „The Character of Louis XIII: The Role of His Physician‟,
The Journal of Interdisciplinary History
, Vol. 4, No. 3(Winter, 1974), pp. 347-374
The Cultural Uses of Print in Early Modern France
, trans. Lydia G. Cochrane,Princeton University Press, 1987, p. 233
Thompson, Anthony B., „Licensing the Press: the Career of G.R. Weckherlin during the PersonalRule of Charles I‟,
The Historical Journal
, Vol. 41, No.3 (Sept., 1998), p. 654
Lambert, S., 'The Printers and the Government, 1604-1637', in Myers, R. and Harris M. (eds.)
Aspects of Printing from 16oo
, Oxford, 1987, pp. 1-2, 16-17 in
Thompson, „Licensing the Press‟, p.