SYNTHESIS PAPER #4: LAO TZU3the people will of themselves become correct. I will take no troubleabout it, and the people will of themselves become rich; I willmanifest no ambition, and the people will of themselves attain tothe primitive simplicity (World Library, 1996, 57:3).Leaders manifest that which they envision and act toward; expecting followers to be dependent,and taking action based on this belief, will lead to a dependent, even despondent, citizenry. Rather than lead through coercion and manipulation, leaders can attune to the Tao and allow life to unfold.Competition is unhealthy; there is a natural process that leads to balance among divergent factions.
Application of Northouse
The style approach to leadership is based on “what leaders do and how they act”(Northouse, 2009, 69). In order to work in concert with the Tao, the leader must remove her or himself from the process and the rewards of achievement. Western theorists might call the
's approach to leadership “impoverished management;” in this style the leader is “uninvolvedand withdrawn” (Northouse, 74). Through introspection, a leader can become closer to the Tao.“Without going outside his door, one understands (all that takes place) under the sky; withoutlooking out from his window, one sees the Tao of Heaven. The farther that one goes out (fromhimself), the less he knows” (World Library, 47:1). It is the Tao that is powerful, not individualleaders. We are the physical expression of Tao, if we allow it to be. “The Tao produces (allthings), nourishes them, brings them to their full growth, nurses them, completes them, maturesthem, maintains them, and overspreads them” (World Library, 51:3). The style described in the
Tao te Ching
also embodies elements of authentic leadership, in particular the four componentsidentified by Walumbwa and associates: “self-awareness, internalized moral perspective, balanced