When we read and speak, we don’t generally think of the specific features involved inthis complicated process, but a key aspect of speech production is the recognition of words. Oneway that researchers have tried to measure this is by using a picture-word interference task. Inthis design, participants have to name a picture but ignore the word superimposed on it. Weknow from past studies that participants recognize the name of the word significantly faster thanthe name of the picture (Rosinski, Golinkoff, & Kukish). Due to this faster processing, participants must suppress the name of the superimposed word before they can name the object(Lupker, 1979).Key features can affect the time it takes people to recognize the word before they are ableto suppress it. One example of these features that has been studied is word length. Past researchhas shown that participants take longer to recognize and process longer words. This leads tolonger suppression and response times when naming the object (Larsen, Mercer, & Balota,2006). Another aspect is orthographic neighborhood. Orthographic neighborhood is defined asthe number of times a word can be changed into another word in the English language byreplacing only one letter (Coltheart, Davelaar, Jonasson, & Besner, 1977). Studies have shownthat words with larger orthographic neighborhoods activate more words in a person’s memory,leading to faster word recognition and faster response times (Larsen et al. 2006). The finalfeature that has been shown to have one of the strongest effects on interference affect is thefrequency of the word in the English language. Results have demonstrated that participants process high-frequency words faster than low-frequency words because we encounter them morefrequently, which leads to faster response times to name the word (Burt, 2002; Larsen et al.2006).