postcolonial state, and the international economy in two different ways: Mamdani’s article
Beyond Settler and Native as Political Identities: Overcoming the Political Legacy of Colonialism
theorizes the relationship around the idea of how the native sat on top of a politicalworld designed by the settler in an internal perspective as Bayart, in his article
Africa in theWorld: A History of Extraversio
n, focused on the role of extraversion in an external point of view.
COLONIAL AND POSTCOLONIAL POLITICS
Both authors argue that there was not one single response to colonialism andpostcolonialism politics. As explained by Bayart, Africa’s resistance of adaptation to colonialreforms was a response to colonial intervention.
Even though the colonial regime mobilized asignificant amount of societies, their imposition on African societies differed from one group toanother, one region to another, depending on their interests and their implications. This variety of reactions engendered a radical hostility between the colonizers and the colonized that was latertransformed into a relationship of dependency that interlinked the state, the economy andsociety.
In the same vein, Mamdani affirms that the impact of colonialism on postcolonialAfrican politics was reduced to a central assumption mainly based on political economy since itwas the most useful tool to analyze colonial legacy and thereby, construct a colonial market.
Jean-François Bayart, “Africa in the World: A History of Extraversion,” 223.
Bayart, “Africa in the World,” 222.
Mahmood Mamdani, “Beyond Settler and Native as Political Identities: Overcoming thePolitical Legacy of Colonialism,” Comparative Studies in Society and History