assumption of automatic spill-over to would have to change. An activist approach wasneeded. Hence the Commission took the initiative to propose the completion of the internalmarket, set a time limit, made 300 proposals and stressed the subsequent advantages. Mainobjective centred on the removal of physical, technical and fiscal barrier to trade. Theseadvantages were contrasted the costs of maintaining these barriers and the threat of
dropping back into mediocrity.
proceeding Cecchini report importantlyoutlined the specific economic advantages of such measures. These included the creation of five million new jobs, a 6 percent fall in the price of goods and a more competitive economy.The cost of a
would mean a loss of revenue of at least 4.25%.
However theWhite paper would have not been suffice if it were not for political co-operation.
draft of the European Union is an example of a proposal which received little enthusiasm.The success of the white paper can be attributed to a number of factors. Schmitt von Sydowmaintains
there was ‘a
the Heads of government, Parliament andthe Commission who were attracted to the completion of the internal market.
it captured the public imagination
Perhaps this was because as Bieber et al notesthe aim was
simple and inductive
spelling out measures without the need for theologicaldebate.
The fact that spending was not to be derived from the national or communitybudget also provided an incentive. Craig has interestingly attributed success to the shift inEU politics from that of neo-functionalism to liberal intergovernmentism.
Moravesik inparticular makes reference to intergovernmental bargains. In particular he claims the shiftfrom mutual recognition and minimal harmonisation was considered
a ‘less invasive form of liberalisation.’
He also asserts that Britain
essentially feared a ‘Europe a deux vitesses’.
Commission of the European Communities,
Completing the Internal Market
WhitePaper from the Commission to the European Council
P294 Weatherill, S. Cases &Materials on EU law (7
P17 Weatherill, S.
Law and integration in the European Union. (1995)
P297 Weatherill, S. Cases &Materials on EU law (7
P.Craig Evolution of the Single Market.
in C. Barnard and J. Scott (eds.),
The Law of the Single European Market
Unpacking the Premises
Moravcsich, A. ‘Negiogating the single European Act: National interests and Conventional Statecraft in theEuropean Community’ (1991)
P611 as quoted in Craig. P & De Bura, G. EU law Text, Cases and Materials (4