1Globalisation is a complex process to define; there are many facets and dimensionsinvolved. Akinboye (2008) explains that it is a diverse concept and it encompasses political,economic, social and cultural elements. Akninboye (2008:2) defines globalisation simply as;
“a syndrome of processes and activities, which embody a set of ideas and a policyframework organised around the global division of labour and power.”
It is however a multi-faceted process and Giddens (1990:64) expands the definition of globalisation stating it to also be an intense set of social relations and interdependencebetween countries, which can influence and shape what occurs in distant localities by theevents happening in other countries. This can occur through trade or uniform laws that havebeen applied to global democratization.
Yaqub (2003) believes globalisation has led to the “villagization” of the world,
through the homogeneity of social rules, norms, laws, governance and culture. Considerationmust be given to the heterogeneous mix of local needs, culture and traditions with thehomogeneous rules and laws incurred by globalisation.
“Glocalization” can occur as a result of the uniformity of social norms constructed
through and applied worldwide. These are merged with the heterogeneous needs of local
cultures. “Glocalization” is the combination of global and local cultures combined to create a
hybridized society. Robertson (1992) explains glocalization has the potential for beneficialconsequences for minorities if they appeal to transnational organizations to meet the needs of
the community that aren’t being met within their own country or at a local level.
Considering the diversity of such a process it can be seen that globalisation can bedivided into three main areas, in order to deconstruct and understand the process.Globalisation can therefore be seen to create a global culture, a global political order and aglobal economy. Symonides (1998: 28) contends that is a process which fostersinterdependence and interconnection throughout the world through the links created withinthe economic, political and cultural facets of globalisation.Akinboye (2008) suggests that there are two strands of thoughts on globalisation. Thefirst paradigm considers globalisation as interdependence. From this approach globalisation isconsidered to be a framework, which includes an interdependence of global socio-political
and economic assimilation. This has formed “a new and all inclusive social pattern”
according to Akinboye (2008:3).Akinboye (2008) goes on to explain that economic liberalisation is developed throughpolicies of free trade, investment and the flow of capital between interdependent countries.