What is a shot?
Many other words come to mind when thinking about the word
; snapshot, photograph, images, camera. It is difficult to define without using the word shot. So howdoes one explain it to someone who has never come across the word before? That is,after all, what a definition should aim to achieve. Even filmmakers use a ‘wealth of terminology in regard to the shot’.
is the equivalent of the
and can therefore be measured by distance. An editor’s
is slightly moredistinguished, as individual
are cut and put together to make up the entirety of afilm.
Cinemagoers may view a
in regard to duration. Film studies writer JamesMonaco, has suggested that there are four areas in which the term
can be defined:distance, movement, angle and focus.
This essay will examine the meaning of the
within the context of these four factors, and in relation to the framed image.The term
can be used to describe the ‘different framing options’,
that aredemonstrated when the distance between the camera and the filmed subject increases or decreases. The most commonly used shot sizes are extreme close-up (ECU), close-up(CU), medium close-up (MCU), medium shot (MS), medium long shot (MLS), long shot(LS), and extreme long shot (ELS). There are also terms called two-shot, three-shot,establishing shot and master shot. A CU shot can be used in different ways to create arange of interpretations, though consistently, ‘the subject framed by the camera fills thescreen’.
This shot is used to create a sense of intimacy with the character, as shown below (fig.1.1); The Bride aka Beatrix Kiddo in
Kill Bill Vol. 1
(Tarantino, 2003) has just heard the voice of one of her betrayers. The CU shot invites the viewer to empathisewith her feelings of hate and her need for revenge. This type of shot is also used to
How to Read a Film: Movies, Media, Multimedia.
ed. Oxford University Press,2000. 195.
Aumont, Jacques. Bergala, Alain. Marie, Michel. Vernet, Marc.
Aesthetics of Film.
University of TexasPress, 1992. 27.
How to Read a Film: Movies, Media, Multimedia
Aumont. Bergala. Marie. Vernet.
Aesthetics of Film
Cinema Studies: The Key Concepts.
ed. Routledge, 2006. 355.