An appellate court reviews the trial court's findings of fact to determine if thefindings are supported by substantial competent evidence and are sufficient to support itsconclusions of law.4.
In general, a litigant must object to inadequate findings of fact before the districtcourt to preserve the issue for appeal. When no objection is made, this court presumesthat the district court found the facts necessary to support its judgment.5.
When a party files a motion under K.S.A. 23-1003(c) to reassign a case manager,the district court is required to review the motion, regardless of whether there isopposition to the motion. The decision to grant or deny such a motion is within thediscretion of the district court.6.
The party seeking removal of a case manager under K.S.A. 23-1001(c) has theburden of proving that removal is necessary.7.
When a district court finds a party has failed to carry his or her burden of proof, anappellate court reviews the record for evidence that the district court arbitrarilydisregarded undisputed evidence and abused its discretion or that the court's finding wasmotivated by bias, passion, prejudice, or some other extrinsic consideration.