There are two additional categories of contempt, denominated as civil and criminalcontempt. They are distinguished by the intent of the penalty imposed and not necessarilythe nature of the underlying legal or equitable action that the court is dealing with.6.
Civil contempt proceedings are remedial in nature and designed to advance theprivate right of a litigant won by court order. Any civil contempt penalty is intended to becoercive, and relief can be achieved only by compliance with the order. Any sentenceimposed for a civil contempt violation must permit the contemnor to unlock the door of the jail and discharge himself or herself by doing what he or she has previously failed todo.7.
Criminal contempt is conduct directed against the dignity and authority of a courtor a judge acting judicially, with punitive judgment to be imposed in vindication; itsessence is that the conduct obstructs or tends to obstruct the administration of justice.8.
The procedure a court must follow for either criminal or civil indirect contempt of court is the same and found in K.S.A. 20-1204a.
Appeal from Sedgwick District Court; J
, judge. Opinion filed February 24,2012. Sentence vacated.
of Haysville, for appellant natural mother.
Lesley A. Isherwood
, assistant district attorney,
Nola Tedesco Foulston
, district attorney, and
, attorney general, for appellee.