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A-10-1-16-2ebb42c

A-10-1-16-2ebb42c

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Published by Flavio Bernardotti

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Published by: Flavio Bernardotti on Sep 01, 2012
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09/01/2012

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J. of Nuclear Sci. and Tech.
 50 62-561388 
No. 50, pp. 56-62, 2010
Short Paper
Sr
90
 
La
140
 
Co
60
 
 ﭽ 
 
*
1
 
2
 
 ﮔ 
1
 
1- 
 ﭼ
 
ﮋﭘ
 
 ﮕ ﮋﭘ
 
 ﭘ
 :8486-11365  2- 
 ﮕ 
 
 ﭘ
 :543- 
 ﭼ
:
ﮋﭘ 
 
 ﮕ 
 
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
)
PZF
( 
 ﭙ 
 -
 ﭘ 
)
(MgO-PAN
 )
(AMP
 ﮔ 
 . 
(IR)
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭘ 
(XRD)
 ﮔ ﮔ 
(TGA)
 ﮔ 
 . 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭼ
 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﮔ 
 150
 ﮔ  ﮔ 
 . 
 ﭙ 
 
+2
Sr
90
 
+3
La
140
 
+2
Co
60
 
 ﭘ 
 
pH
 ﮔ 
 . 
pH
 1 7 .
 
 
 ﭙ 
 
 ﮕ  
 
 ﭘ 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ  
 
Sorption of 
90
Sr,
140
La and
60
Co on Synthesized Inorganic Ion Exchangers
A. Nilchi*
1
, M.R. Hadjmohammadi
2
, S. Rasouli Garmarodi
1
 
1- Nuclear Fuel Cycle Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, AEOI, P.O.Box: 11365-8486,
 
Tehran
 
 – Iran
2- Faculty of Chemistry, Mazandaran University, P.O. Box: 543, Babolsar – Iran
 
Abstract:
 
Three cation exchangers namely potassium zinc hexacyanoferrate (II) (PZF), ammoniummolybdophosphate (AMP) and magnesium oxide-polyacrylonitrile composite (MgO-PAN) weresynthesized. The physicochemical properties of these ion exchangers were determined using differenttechniques including infrared spectroscopy (IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetricanalysis (TGA). Furthermore, the thermal stability and the effect of gamma irradiation up to 150kGy onthese ion exchangers were investigated. The distribution coefficients of 
90
Sr,
140
La and
60
Co were studiedfor these ion exchangers by varying the pH conditions and by the use of batch method. The threeprepared materials showed an increased trend in the sorption for three radionuclides (
90
Sr,
140
La and
60
Co) with the increasing of pH values from 1 to 7.
 Keywords:
Potassium Zinc Hexacyanoferrate (II), Magnesium Oxide–Polyacrylonitrile Composite, Ammonium Molybdophosphate, Cation Exchanger
:1/5/87
 ﭘ 
 :20/5/88 
anilchi@aeoi.org.ir*email:
 
 
 501388 
1- 
 ﭘ  ﭘ 
 
Cr
51
 
Mn
54
 
Fe
59
 
Co
60
 
Sr
90
 
Cs
137
 - . 
ﮋ 
 - 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
.
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﮔ 
 
]
1 4
[
. 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﮔﮋ 
 
 ﮔ ﮔ 
 
 ﭼ
 »
 ﭘ 
« 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﭼ
 
]
5
[
. 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭼ
 - 
 ﭘ 
 .
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭼ
 
]
6 10
[
. 
 ﭼ
 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﮔ 
 . 
Sr
90
 
La
140
 
Co
60
 . 
2- 
1
 ﮕ  
 
 ﮕ 
 
 ﭘ 
 )
II
( 
 ﭙ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮕ 
 
ﭻ 
 . 
Brucker-Vector 22pH
 
GC-841
 ﮕ 
 
 ﮔ ﮔ 
)1(
 
Dupont-951
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮕ  ﭘ 
Philips 1800PW
 
843PerkinElmer
 
 ﮕ 
 
CHNSO Elementar-Vario ELIII
 
Quantulus
TM
1220 Wallac
 ﭘ  ﮔ 
 
GMX-15185-5 Ortec
 ﮕ 
 
ﮋﭘ 
 . 
 
1
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮕ  
 
(II 
(PZF
 
1 
 
 ﮕ 
 
 ﭘ 
)
II
( 1:4 30 
 ﮔ 
.
ﮓ 
 
 ﭘ 
 70 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﮔ 
. 100-200  . 
 ﭙ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
(MgO-PAN)
 
º
C
50 2 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﭘ 
 .
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭙ  ﭘ 
) 1:1 ( 
 ﭼ
 
TWEEN-80
 ﮔ 
 . 
 ﮕ 
 
º
C
50 
 ﮕ 
 . 
 ﭙ 
)2(
 
]
11
[
. 
 ﭘ 
 
º
C
50 
. 100-200 .
 
 AMP
(   
 ﭙ 
 
O
2
H
4.
24
O
7
Mo
6)4
NH
( 5
/
0 50 2 .  6 
 
 
Sr
90
 
La
140
 
Co
60
 . . . 
 ﮕ 
.
 ﭼ
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭙ 
 50 
 ﮔ 
. 100-200 
 ﮔ 
 . 
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭘ 
 . 
 ﭙ 
 25 
 ﮔ 
25
 
M
2 
 ﮔ 
. 
 ﮔ  ﮕ 
 
 ﭙ 
 
CHNSO
 . 
 ﭘ 
 800 
 ﮔ  ﮔ 
 
ﮓ 
1-
min
º
C
10 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﮔ 
 . 
 ﭘ 
 1 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﭼ
 
 ﭘ 
Co
60
 
ﮓ 
Gy/s
38
/
0 50 
kGy
150 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭘ 
 . 
+3
La
140
 
+2
Co
60
 
+2
Sr
90
 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﮔ 
 .50 
4-
10 1
/
0 
 ﮔ 
 
pH
 
 ﮔ 
 ) 20.( 
 ﭙ 
 5 25 
 ﮔ 
 . 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﮔ 
 . )1(
)g / mL( MVAAAK
id
×=
 
A
i
 
A
 
 ﭘ 
 
V
 
M
 
 ﮔ 
 . 
3- 
1 .
 ﭘ 
 
1-
cm
3650-2900 
1-
cm
1620 
1-
cm
2200 
 ﮔ 
 .
 ﮕ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
1-
cm
600-450 
 ﭘ 
 - 
1-
cm
1300 
 ﮔ 
 . 
 ﭙ 
 
1-
cm
3000 
1-
cm
1600-1300 
–CH
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
 
2
–CH
 
Mg-O-H
 . 
IR
 
1-
cm
970-730
1-
cm
1100
1-
cm
1400 
 ﮔ 
-
4
MoO
-
34
PO
 )
N-H
(
]
12
[
. 
1-
)
a
(
MgO-PAN
)
b
(
PZF(c)AMP
. 
   T  r  a  n  s  m   i   t   t  a  n  c  e   (   %   )
 
   4   0    4   5    5   0    5   5    6   0    6   5    7   0    7   5    8   0    8   5    9   0    9   5 
4000 3750 3500 3250 3000 2750 2500 2250 2000 1750 1500 1250 1000 750 500
Wavenumber (cm
-1
)

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