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A-10-1-18-77b6c58

A-10-1-18-77b6c58

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Published by Flavio Bernardotti

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Published by: Flavio Bernardotti on Sep 01, 2012
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09/01/2012

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J. of Nuclear Sci. and Tech.
 5073-681388 
 No. 50, pp. 68-73, 2010
ﮓ 
 
 ﮕ 
 
ﮋ 
 
 ﭘ
 
*
1
 
1
 
1
 
2
 
3
 
1
 
1-
 ﭘ
 
ﮋﭘ
 
 ﮕ ﮋﭘ ﭘ
 :389-89175-  2- 
 ﮕ  ﭘ
 
 :741-79178-  3- 
 ﮕ 
 
 ﭘ
 :741-79178- 
 ﭼ
:
 
 
ﮓ 
 
 ﭘ ﮓ 
 
(RB5)(AR151)
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
 . 
ﮓ 
 
 ppm
100136 9
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
.
ﮓ 
 
 pH
 
ﮋ 
 . 
ﮋ 
 
ﮓ 
 
RB5
 ﮔ 
 .
ﮓ 
 
 ﮕ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
ﮓ 
 .
ﮓ 
 
RB5AR151
 
kGy
1 
kGy
9
 ﮔ 
 
 ﭘ 
 .
ﮓ 
 
 ﭼ
 
RB5
 
ﮋ 
 
mmol/L
5 
kGy
1 78
/
99%.
 pH
 
 ﮕ 
 .
 
 
ﮓ  
 
 ﭘ ﮓ  
 
 ﭘ  ﮋ 
 
Electron Beam Process for Decoloration of Reactive and Acid Dyes inAqueous Solution in Presence of H
2
O
2
 
M.R. Parsaeian*
1
, F. Anvari
1
, M. Kheirkhah
1
, A.M. Haji Shabani
2
, A. Behjat
3
, M. Tabasi
1
 
1- Radiation Application Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, AEOI, P.O. Box: 89175-389, Yazd-Iran2- Department of Chemistry, University of Yazd, P.O.Box: 89178-741, Yazd - Iran3- Department of Physics, University of Yazd, P.O.Box: 89178-741, Yazd - Iran
Abstract:
 
In this study, degradation and decoloration of reactive and acid commercial dyes (C.I.Reactive Black 5 and C.I. Acid Red 151) in water under the irradiation with electron beams wereinvestigated. Both dyes in aqueous solutions with the concentration of 100 ppm were irradiated atdifferent doses of 1, 3, 6 and 9 kGy. The changes of the absorption spectra, degree of decoloration, pH,and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were analyzed. In addition to the influence of the absorbed dose thehydrogen peroxide additions on RB5 dye are discussed. The experimental results show that the reactiveand acid dyes in aqueous solutions can be effectively degradiated by irradiation with the electron beam.The absorption bands for RB5 and AR151 decreased rapidly at 1kGy irradiation dose and disappearedalmost completely at 9kGy. Also the degree of decoloration of RB5 solution at 1kGy dose and with theconcentrations of H
2
O
2
up to 5mmol/L was higher than 99.78%. Due to the production of organic andinorganic acidic anions the pH decreased during the irradiation.
 Keywords:
Electron Beams, Reactive and Acid Dyes, Decoloration and Decomposition, H 
 2
O
 2
:12/9/87
 ﭘ 
 :15/2/88 
 parsaeian@yrpc.ir *email:
 
 
 501388 
1- 
 ﭼ
 . 
 ﮔ 
 ) ( . 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
 
]
1
[
.
 
 ﮕ 
 
 ﮕ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭘ  ﮔ 
.
 ﭘ 
 
ﮓ 
 
 ﮕ 
 
 pH
ﮋ 
 
)1(
 .
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮕ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
)2(
 .
ﮓ 
 
]
2
[
. 
ﮓ 
 
)3(
 . . 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﭘ  ﮔ 
 .
ﮓ 
 
 ﮔ 
 
ﮓ 
 
 ﭼ
]
3
[
. 
 ﭘ 
)4(
 
 ﮕ 
 . 
 ﮔ 
 
ﮋ 
)
0
(OH
. 
 ﭘ 
 
]
4
[
. 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
)5(
)e(
aq
 )
0
(H
 .
 ﮔ 
 - 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
]
5
[
. 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ  ﮔ 
 
 ﮕ 
 
]
6 9
[
. 
 ﭘ 
 . 
G
)6(
 
.
G(
μ
mol)
 1 
]
5
[
.
 
+ ⎯  ⎯→ ⎯ 
aq Rad 
e.OH .O H 
270280
2
 
2322
050270070060
.O H .O H . H .
++++
+
 )1(  )2( 
+
22
HOO H 
 )3( 
+
22
OOe
aq
 )4(
te Intermedia)oducts(Pr P AOH 
+
 )5(
 productsFinalOH P
+
 )6(
+ ⎯  ⎯→ ⎯ +
OH OH O H e
Rad aq
22
 )7(
O H OH O H  H 
222
++
 )8(
O H  HOO H OH 
2222
++
 
ﮓ 
 
 ﮕ 
 
RB5
)7(
 
AR151
)8(
 
ﮋ 
 . 
ﮓ 
 1 
kG
9 
 ﭘ 
 
 pH
 
 ﭼﮓ 
 
ﮋ 
]
10
[
. 
2- 
1
 ﮕ  
 
ﮋ 
 30%  .
 ﮕ 
 
RB5
 
AR151
)1( 
 ﮔ 
 .
 ﭘ 
 
TT200
 
IBM
ﮋ 
 
 ﭘ 
 200 
 
 
ﮓ 
 
. . . 
 ﮔ 
. - 
1201Shimadzu
 ﭘ 
 
 pH pHHannaHI 9812
 
 ﮔ 
.
ﮋ 
 
 ﮔ 
 . 
 
mg/L
100
ﮓ 
 
RB5AR151
 
136 9
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
. 
 pH
 
ﮋ 
 
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
. 
 ﭘ 
 1 8 
ﮋ 
 100 
ﮓ 
 
 ﮔ 
RB5
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
 
 ﮔ 
 .
ﮓ 
 
ﮋ 
 
 ﮕ 
 
)9(
(A
0
-A
i
)/A
0
×100=
ﮓ 
 
A
0
 
A
i
 
 ﭘ 
 . )10(
(COD
0
-COD
i
)/COD
0
×100=
COD
 
COD
0
 
COD
i
 
COD
 ﭘ 
 . 
3- 
1 
ﮓ 
 
RB5
 
AR151
 136 9 
 ﮔ 
2 3  . 
ﮓ 
 
RB5
 597384309 231
ﮓ 
 
AR151
 508 317 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
kGy
1 
 ﭘ 
 . 
kGy
3 
ﮓ 
 92%. 
kGy
3
 ﮔ 
 .
 ﭘ ﮓ 
)9( 
(-N=N-)
 
 
ﮓ 
 
 ﭘ 
 .
ﮓ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
ﮓ 
 .
ﮓ 
 
 ﭘ 
 . 4 5
ﮓ 
 
ﮓ 
 
RB5
 
AR151
 .
ﮓ 
 1 
 ﮔ 
 4
/
77%22
/
86% 9
 ﮔ 
 84
/
98%47
/
95%
ﮓ 
 . 
 ﭼ
 4
ﮓ 
 
RB5
 
ﮋ 
 . 
ﮋ 
 
 ﭘ 
 
 ﮔ 
 . 6 
ﮋ 
 
ﮓ 
 
RB5
 
AR151
 86 81%
 ﮔ 
.7 8 
 pH
 ﭘ 
 . 
 ﭘ 
 
ﮓ 
 
 ﭼ
 . 
 ﭘ 
 
 pH
 .
 pH
ﮓ 
 
RB5
 
AR151
 1
 ﮔ 
 3
/
4 2
/
6 9
 ﮔ 
 7
/
3 2
/
5
 ﮔ 
. 
ﮋ 
 
 
ﮋ 
 
 pH
 )7 8.( 
1-
ﮓ 
 
RB5
 
AR151
. 

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