From Fig 2
, it is easy to see that zone A and B are plate, zone E and D are edge, andzone C is the slope. Also, the grid is distorted most in the edge part E and D, lessdistortion in the slope zone C and almost keeps square in plate zone A and B.There is also a problem on forming product: Plastic not conforming to the shape of the former in corner. Potential Causes: The plastic was too stiff (too little sagging, pulled out too quickly); the vacuum was not strong enough (less than 25 inHg); the buck is too tall.
From Table 1 and Fig 2:
Zone A and B: the most thickness zone in the all forming temperature range.
Zone C: slope thickness in the middle range between edge and plate zone
Zone D and E: the thinnest part as they are in edge zone.Forming temperature comparison:
it is just less than Tg, so the secondary bond does not break yet and chainstill entanglement. The thickness goes down sharply from zone A to E, althoughreversion helps thickness goes back to original, but the thickness distribution isstill too variable. So 90 forming temperature is not suitable for this product.
it is just above the Tg, so the secondary bonds break, chain entanglementgoes down and easy to stretch. The thickness distribution keeps minimal variationin three temperature range. So the product quality is the best on 105 forming
it is much higher than the Tg, so the secondary bonds break, chainentanglement goes down and leaves high levels of molecular orientation in theforming. The thickness goes down sharply from zone A to E again, the thicknessdistribution is variable. So 119 forming temperature is not suitable for this
to a forming temperature which just abovethe glass transition temperature, the secondary bonds break and chainentanglement in thermoplastic goes down. Also, as the forming temperature goesup the thermal energy, viscosity, thickness decrease somewhat. As forming timeincrease, the thermal energy goes up.
, a molding will tend to shrink on to the positivemould. Different zone have differing shrinkage rates depending on the shape andthickness.
Crystalline and semi crystalline materials tend to shrink more than amorphousnormally due to the more efficient molecular packing within crystal. In additionto shrinkage from thermal contraction differential shrinkage can also occur because of relaxation of molecular orientation.
, the model is locked during rapid cooling. After reversion, theresidual stress, tension stress of molecules relaxes, so the polymer tends to back to original shape. However, different zone has different molecular orientation and