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will the impact of globalisation kill the nation state?

will the impact of globalisation kill the nation state?

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a brief argument on whether or not the power of nationalism is strong enough to withstand the ever increasing force of globalisation.
a brief argument on whether or not the power of nationalism is strong enough to withstand the ever increasing force of globalisation.

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Sep 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/27/2013

 
3.Will the impact of globalization kill the nation state?
While globalization is having a profound effect on the nation state and is undoubtedlyweakening its influence this essay will argue that the nation-state will surviveglobalization. The nation-state is a powerful entity which cannot be eradicatedentirely other than by the genocide of its people, and it is in fact collaborating in theglobalisation process to a certain extent by assenting to the introduction of certainlegislation and the creation of certain international governing bodies such as the UNand the EU.This essay has adopted the definition of the nation-state provided by Wikipedia.Hence a nation state is:
a specific form of state which exists to provide a sovereign territory for a particular nation and which derives it legitimacy from that function. The state is political and  geopolitical entity; the nation is a cultural and or ethnic entity. The term nation-stateimplies that they geographically coincide and this distinguishes the nation state fromother types of state, which historically preceded it.
Using this definition a nationstate must have a distinct culture different from other communities, and must have adefined geopolitical territory. This means that not all states are nation-states and notall nations are nation-states. A good example of this is Palestine which no longer hasa distinct geopolitical territory to call its own and so can no longer be called a nation-state.Having outlined the definition of a nation state which this essay will use let us beginto assess whether or not these entities can be eradicated by the process of globalization which is defined as
increasing interdependence, integration and interaction among people and companies in disparate locations
’ (wikipedia).Globalization presents an obvious threat to the integrity and independence of nationstates through its cross fertilisation of cultures, imperialism and ever shrinking borders. Globalisation is allowing greater mobility of labour and seamless distributionof goods and services to all areas of the world through an ever expanding transport
 
system and constantly lowering air travel prices. Companies like Microsoft and IBMnow produce their goods far from their original homes in America. They haveestablished branch plants in many countries around the world in their search for cheaper labour and a well educated workforce. Both companies are also greatexamples of how multinational companies are becoming ever more powerful and are beginning to threaten the power and independence of nation states and their homegrown industries. These companies have become such colossal entities that their inputto national economies have become vital, and governments have frequently competedwith one another to create low tax environments and provide a range of tax incentivesin order to entice them to set up plants to bolster their economies. This is clearly seenhere in Ireland where huge tax breaks are offered to large multinationals setting upfactories, like IBM, Intel and Dell. This shows how the nation state is beingthreatened by the enlarging global market. Nation-states are finding it difficult tosurvive without incorporating global giants into their economies. Due to the influenceof multinational corporations the fundamental components of nation-states outlinedearlier are under threat.The increasing expansion of the global market has brought with it westernisation and perhaps even more accurately Americanisation. The traditional cultures of nation-states are being driven out and standardised by the introduction of companies likeMcDonald’s, Burger King and Coke. They bring with them their American popculture and powerful indoctrinating advertisements which smother the culture andidentity of nations. In today’s current climate it is becoming all too easy for the hugeglobal corporations to snuff out any remaining national identity and replace it with brand loyalty. It could be argued that to be American implies a sense of consumerismmore than any sense of real cultural identity and it appears that this focus onmaterialism and consumerism is spreading around the globe to most countries, albeitto a lesser extent.This essay is not contending that ‘globalisation’ which is a multi-dimensional processis simply just the Americanisation of other countries. This would not capture the
 
complexity of the process. The essay argues that since the foundation of the EU, themember states have been encouraging globalisation , and have increased thisevermore so in recent years with legislation which almost abolishes state bordersallowing the free movement of labour and also by replacing many countries signaturecurrencies with the Euro. The power of the European Central Bank and in particular the introduction of the Euro are significant factors in the ever increasing integrationof the EU. The Euro facilitates freer trade between countries and is a significantlandmark in the formation of a global community. Also in recent years European anti-terrorism laws that have been introduced have been the same across all of Europeshowing a reduction in independence of national governments and more of a drivetowards interdependence and cooperation on a large international scale. Other goodexamples of this international cooperation are the UN, NATO, the war on Iraq andcommon agricultural and fisheries policies implemented in the EU.Despite this obvious reduction in the nation-states power as an autonomous decisionmaking machine and as an economic stand-alone, the nation-state still holds a largeamount of power. Thomas Friedman gave a fantastic explanation of the input that thenation-state has in today’s business world, ‘
The hidden hand of the market will never work without a hidden fist. McDonalds cannot flourish without McDonnell Douglasthe designer of the F-15. And the hidden fist that keeps the world safe for SiliconValley’s technologies is called the US army, Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps.
(Friedman, Thomas 1999). He points out that the nation-state clearly provides thesecurity needed for the big businesses to flourish and voluntarily allows thecorporations to have such a dominant position in society as it is good for the economyto allow these money making machines a certain degree of freedom. "
Glocalization
"is a concept put forward in Thomas Friedman’s 1999 book ‘
The Lexus and the olivetree’ 
in which he recognises the need for local areas to maintain their unique cultureswhile at the same time he remains a staunch advocate of globalisation. In other wordshe stresses the importance of the local and the global. This essay argues therefore thatwhile nation-states are making concessions to the onslaught of globalisation they arestill playing an important role in the global economy as creators of economic policies

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