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Plastic Dye Laser

Plastic Dye Laser

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An essay for the 2011 Undergraduate Awards (Lecturer Nomination) Competition by Nuala Byrne. It is nominated by Lecturer Enda McGlynn of Dublin City University in the category of Physical Sciences
An essay for the 2011 Undergraduate Awards (Lecturer Nomination) Competition by Nuala Byrne. It is nominated by Lecturer Enda McGlynn of Dublin City University in the category of Physical Sciences

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Sep 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/06/2014

 
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Final Year Project Report
Plastic Dye Laser
 Name:Student Number:Class:Date: 26
th
April 2011Supervisor: ...
 
 
 2
Declaration:
I hereby certify that this material, which I now submit for assessment on the programme of study leading to the award of B.Sc. in isentirely my own work, does not to the best of my knowledge breach any law of copyright, and has not been taken from the work of others save and to the extent thatsuch work has been cited and acknowledged within the text of my work.
Signed (candidate‟s signature):
 ________________________ Candidate name (typed): ______________ ID No.: ________________ Date: ___26
th
April 2011
 
 _________ 
 
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Abstract:
A variety of arrangements using laser dyes suspended in host polymer materials weretested to investigate whether or not lasing action could be observed under differentcircumstances. The best results were achieved by forming micro-rings of dyesuspended in a polymer on a glass fibre and pumping with another laser. When twodifferent positions on a glass fibre coated with a solution of rhodamine 6G in PMMAwere pumped with an Nd:Yag laser, two distinct envelopes of wavelengths wereobserved. It was noted that the light emitted from the fibre at these different pointswere different colours, one being a yellow/orange and the other a deeper red colour.These two differing behaviours were analysed and it was concluded that the cause wasdue to the variation in thickness of the coating on the fibre. It was inferred that one of these modes was due to conventional wave action in the micro-ring and the other toevanescent coupled gain inside the glass fibre itself. Evidence for this was provided by the extremely close agreement of the actual peak spacings with the predictedtheoretical values and also by the exact agreement of the calculated value of therefractive index of the fibre with the actual value. These behaviours were observed tohave different thresholds for the onset of lasing, viz. 2.85 mJ/cm
2
for the conventionalwave action (yellow/orange emission) and 1.06 mJ/cm
2
for the evanescent coupledgain (red emission). Analysis of the cavity Q in the micro-rings showed an averagevalue of Q = 2,300, which is consistent with the efficiency of the dye used tofabricated the laser.

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