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Cover design by Maritta TapanainenThe cover art and Figures 1.1,1.2,4.4,and 5.1 are from the United Kingdom’s Ministry of Defence and are reprinted by permission.The photos in Appendix C are by Tom Lamb.Figure C.4 is from Carlos Merino (IZAR Ferrol Shipyard),“F-100 and F-319:New Frigates for Europe”,paper presented at RINAConference WARSHIP 2001—Future Surface Warships,London,2001.