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Assessing Urban Aboriginal Housing and Homelessness in Canada (2012)- Belanger, Head & Awosoga

Assessing Urban Aboriginal Housing and Homelessness in Canada (2012)- Belanger, Head & Awosoga

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Published by paceminterris
This report sought to determine the current state of urban Aboriginal housing and how it
can be improved. An up-to-date mapping of Aboriginal people’s housing conditions in urban
areas is provided. Nationally rates of urban Aboriginal homeownership and rental rates are lower
than that of mainstream Canada.
This report sought to determine the current state of urban Aboriginal housing and how it
can be improved. An up-to-date mapping of Aboriginal people’s housing conditions in urban
areas is provided. Nationally rates of urban Aboriginal homeownership and rental rates are lower
than that of mainstream Canada.

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Published by: paceminterris on Sep 02, 2012
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03/08/2014

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Housing and Homelessness of Urban Aboriginal People in Urban Centres
 
AssessingUrbanAboriginalHousingandHomelessnessinCanada
YaleD.BelangerAssociateProfessorNativeAmericanStudiesUniversityofLethbridgeLethbridge,Alberta,CanadaGabrielleWeaselHeadIndependentResearcherCalgary,AlbertaOluAwosogaAssistantProfessorHealthSciencesUniversityofLethbridgeLethbridge,Alberta,Canada
FinalReportpreparedfortheNationalAssociationofFriendshipCentres(NAFC)andtheOfficeoftheFederalInterlocutorforMétisandNon‐StatusIndians(OFI),Ottawa,Ontario.
30March2012
2012
 
 
 
ii
 
Acknowledgements
The primary author would like to thank the following: Nathan Roth and Charley Waters for their outstanding research assistance; the three anonymous reviewers’ comments; and my AlbertaHomelessness Research Consortium (AHRC) colleagues, Dr. John Graham (Calgary) and GiriPuligandla (Homeward Trust Edmonton), for their perceptive comments on an earlier draft, all of which improved this report substantially.
Terminology
The term ‘Aboriginal people’ indicates any one of the three legally defined culture groups thatform what is known as Aboriginal peoples in Canada (Métis, Inuit, and Indian) and who self-identify as such. The term First Nation is used here to denote a reserve community, or band. Theterm Indian, as used in legislation or policy, will also appear in discussions concerning suchlegislation or policy. The term Indigenous here does not represent a legal category. Rather, it isused to describe the descendants of groups in a territory at the time when other groups of different cultures or ethnic origin arrived there, groups that have almost preserved intact thecustoms and traditions of their ancestors similar to those characterized as Indigenous, and thosethat have been placed under a state structure which incorporates national, social, and culturalcharacteristics distinct from their own.
Citation
Belanger, Yale D., Weasel Head, Gabrielle & Awosoga, Olu. 2011.
 Assessing Urban Aboriginal  Housing and Homelessness in Canada
. Final Report prepared for the National Association of Friendship Centres (NAFC) and the Office of the Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-StatusIndians (OFI), Ottawa, Ontario. March 30, 2012.
Contact Information
Dr. Yale D. Belanger Associate Professor  Native American StudiesUniversity of Lethbridge4401 University DriveLethbridge, Alberta, CanadaT1K 3M4403-382-7101 – work 403-380-1855 – fax belayd@uleth.cahttp://uleth.academia.edu/YaleBelanger 
 
 
iii
 
Table of Contents
Executive Summary iv1. Introduction 1
 
2. Urban Aboriginal Peoples: The Policy Environment 33. Housing & Urban Aboriginal Peoples 84. Aboriginal Homelessness 105. Urban Aboriginal People and Housing Policy Background 156. Urban Aboriginal Housing: A Quantitative Perspective 187. Urban Aboriginal Homelessness 298. Conclusions 329.
 
Recommendations 3610. References 38 Notes 45Table 1: Off-reserve Households, Canada 2001-2006 19Table 2: Home Ownership Rates 2006 20Table 3: Aboriginal Homeownership by Identity 2006 21Table 4: Aboriginal Homeownership by Identity, CMAs 2006 22Figure 1: Incidence of Aboriginal Core Housing Need by Province 23Table 5: Characteristics of Households in Core Housing Need 24Figure 2: Distribution and Incidence of Aboriginal Housing Need, 2006 26Table 6: Type of Housing Problem Among Households in Core Housing Need 27Table 7: Income and Shelter Costs Among Non-Reserve Households 28Figure 3: Urban Aboriginal Homeless as % of Overall Homeless Population 30

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