The primary author would like to thank the following: Nathan Roth and Charley Waters for their outstanding research assistance; the three anonymous reviewers’ comments; and my AlbertaHomelessness Research Consortium (AHRC) colleagues, Dr. John Graham (Calgary) and GiriPuligandla (Homeward Trust Edmonton), for their perceptive comments on an earlier draft, all of which improved this report substantially.
The term ‘Aboriginal people’ indicates any one of the three legally defined culture groups thatform what is known as Aboriginal peoples in Canada (Métis, Inuit, and Indian) and who self-identify as such. The term First Nation is used here to denote a reserve community, or band. Theterm Indian, as used in legislation or policy, will also appear in discussions concerning suchlegislation or policy. The term Indigenous here does not represent a legal category. Rather, it isused to describe the descendants of groups in a territory at the time when other groups of different cultures or ethnic origin arrived there, groups that have almost preserved intact thecustoms and traditions of their ancestors similar to those characterized as Indigenous, and thosethat have been placed under a state structure which incorporates national, social, and culturalcharacteristics distinct from their own.
Belanger, Yale D., Weasel Head, Gabrielle & Awosoga, Olu. 2011.
Assessing Urban Aboriginal Housing and Homelessness in Canada
. Final Report prepared for the National Association of Friendship Centres (NAFC) and the Office of the Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-StatusIndians (OFI), Ottawa, Ontario. March 30, 2012.
Dr. Yale D. Belanger Associate Professor Native American StudiesUniversity of Lethbridge4401 University DriveLethbridge, Alberta, CanadaT1K 3M4403-382-7101 – work 403-380-1855 – fax firstname.lastname@example.org://uleth.academia.edu/YaleBelanger