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PMDG 747 Type Course Lesson 4

PMDG 747 Type Course Lesson 4

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Published by: Eusebiu Pungaru on Sep 02, 2012
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PMDG 747-400/400F TRC 4: LNAV-VNAV 4 - 1Copyright 2006 PMDG All Rights Reserved For use with PMDG 747-400/400F ONLY
PMDG 747-400 Type Rating CourseIntroduction
What is the PMDG Type Course?:
This type course is designed to help you learn and explorevarious aspects of the PMDG 747-400 that you might not otherwise have discovered after readingthe supplied documentation. Please note that this type course will assume that you have readthe documentation we supplied with the airplane. This course will also assume that you haveprinted the Chapter 5 Normal Procedures checklists, and the Flight Use Checklist to use andfollow during the type course.The entire type course will consist of several lessons broken into pieces. These pieces willroughly reconstruct the entire type rating maneuver evaluation conducted for certification in the747-400 type aircraft. Please note that this type course is written very generally for the learningand interest of our flight simulator customers and does not reflect the actual operating procedureof any specific carrier or training techniques taught by any specific training facility. This typecourse may contain errors and omissions which we may correct from time to time at ourdiscretion. Additionally it stands to reason that no aspects of this course should be used for anypurpose other than the enjoyment of our PMDG 747-400/400F simulation products.
Lesson Plan Overview:
The PMDG Type Course will begin at KBFI, where you will learn topower up the PMDG 747 from a parked and de-powered state. You will be taken throughprogramming of the FMC for a flight from Boeing Field in Seattle, Washington, (KBFI) to MosesLake, Washington (KMWH) where you will learn to conduct various visual and instrumentapproaches in order to improve your proficiency with the PMDG 747-400. Along the way somelessons may require repetition in order to help you learn specific tasks. To help with thisrepetition process, we will provide specific saved flights that you should load and run in order toensure that your experience matches the teaching materials for the course.Please remember at all times that in the complex field of aviation there are many differentregulatory bodies, corporate policies and personal operating procedures that vary from others,and sometimes they even conflict with one another. Do not be intimidated by differenttechniques, as it is always valuable to expand your skills as a pilot but we recommend that youuse the techniques we teach in this course at least initially until your grain comfort with theairplane.Our hope is that upon completion of this Type Course, you will have gained sufficient experiencewith the operation of the PMDG 747-400 to dramatically increase your enjoyment of thissimulation. It has been our experience that many customers never take the time to really learnthe depths of this simulation and subsequently miss out on the true simulation value and learningexperience of this product. We hope that this type course will help you to experience just howcomplex this PMDG 747-400 simulation truly is!
4 - 2 PMDG 747-400/400F TRC 4: LNAV - VNAVFor use with PMDG 747-400/400F ONLY Copyright 2006 PMDG All Rights Reserved
PMDG 747-400 Type Rating CourseLesson Four: LNAV-VNAV
Lesson Four Overview:
For this exercise we are going to return to our originally scheduledflight plan from KBFI – KMWH. We will fly the majority of the flight to Moses Lake, while makingsome modifications to the flight plan and to our climb/descent profile along the way. The purposeof this lesson is to familiarize you with the operation of LNAV and VNAV in order to simplify yournavigation through 3D space.I have provided a series of saved flights. These flights are designed to work with specificsections of this lesson, and you will be prompted which saved flight to load during each phase ofthe lesson.Each saved flight will be used to demonstrate a different technique for takeoff. Some of thesaved flights may be reused a few times in order to demonstrate different techniques. Thislesson picks up where Lesson Two ended, so you will notice that the aircraft/FMS setup isfamiliar!This lesson will take you through a normal takeoff using one of the takeoff profiles that you havealready used. You will then use LNAV and VNAV with the airplane coupled to the autopilot inorder to learn some of the finer operating techniques of these high level pitch/roll modes.Reading the lesson in steps and conducting the procedures discussed according to the schedulelaid out in this lesson plan will greatly improve your handling and confidence when using theautopilot.
What you will need:
The following items are needed in order for you to gain the most benefitfrom this course:
You must have a copy of the Type Course source files. (You should have them if you arereading this!)
You should print ALL of
Chapter 5: Normal Procedures 
and keep it nearby for reference.(Hint: Windows START menu, ALL PROGRAMS, then PMDG Simulations, PMDG 747-400 Operating Manuals.)
You will also need to print the CHECKLIST located in the PMDG Simulations, PMDG747-400 menu as well.You will find it most helpful to print this Lesson Plan before commencing. Additionally, we findthat it is helpful if you keep your checklists nearby in printed format as you will reference themcontinually during your first few starts.You can use any PMDG 747-400/400F livery for the purpose of this course as it may suite yourtaste. The images within the documentation will be from the new PMDG 747-400F.
Installing This Type Course Lesson:
 The ZIP file that contains the lesson plan should be unzipped to your main Flight Simulatordirectory. We have structured the zip file so that all of the required files will be appropriatelyplaced in the correct directories for you provided that you have “use directories” selected inWinZip.If you have problems, just copy the following files to the correct locations:
PMDG 747-400/400F TRC 4: LNAV-VNAV 4 - 3Copyright 2006 PMDG All Rights Reserved For use with PMDG 747-400/400F ONLYPMDG-744-TRC-<lesson name>.sav -> <Flight Sim Root Directory>\PMDG\747400\PanelState\ PMDG-744-TRC-<lesson name>.FLT -> <Flight Sim Root Directory>\Flights\PMDG\ PMDG-744-TRC<lesson name>.WX -> <Flight Sim Root Directory>\Flights\PMDG\ 
PART ONE: It’s just basic navigation!:
At this point, please stop your simulation and use the FLIGHTS, Select A Flight menu in MSFS to load the saved flight 
The point of this lesson section is to take you through a normal takeoff and climb out including a level off at intermediate altitudes. THIS LESSON SHOULD BE FLOWN BY THE AUTOPILOT WITH THE FLIGHT DIRECTOR. The auto throttle will control power for you during the initial climb.
Takeoff. You’ve done this a few dozen times by now, it should seem. After completing thePMDG 747-400 Type Rating Course 2 and PMDG 747-400 Type Rating Course 3, you should beable to handle your takeoffs like a professional. This flight is going to start off no differently, buttoday we are going to spend a bit more time focused on LNAV and VNAV for your initialdeparture and climb profile.Start Flight Simulator 2004 and use the SELECT FLIGHT option to load PMDG-744-TC-Lesson4_Part_One from within the PMDG folder. Your aircraft will appear sitting on the runwayat Boeing Field. This is an exact replica of a setup from one of the previous lessons. This flightpicks up with the aircraft ready for takeoff, and all checklists completed! The only thing left foryou to do is to set the Autobrake to RTO (remember- this is one switch that just won’t save it’sposition….)Now before we go, it’s important to have some understanding of what we are doing, and what isabout to happen. To gain this understanding, lets talk for a moment about LNAV.LNAV, for those who don’t know, is the acronym for Lateral NAVigation. At some point, nearly allof us have loaded up the default Cessna or some other standard cockpit airplane and have flowncourses to and from VORs within flight simulator. You will recall that in order to track the desiredVOR radial, it was necessary to manage your aircraft heading in order to track the center of theselected radial to/from the VOR. This process of using heading to maintain a course is the verysimple heart of LNAV.LNAV is a very complicated and grown-up-pilot way of telling the airplane to fly the course thatyou have programmed into the FMC.On of the great benefits of LNAV is that the airplane will follow any course that has beenprogrammed, and it will do so through turns and changes in course until reaching the end of theprogrammed route of flight. Whether the course to be flown has many convoluted turns toaccommodate sophisticated departure and arrival procedures- or whether the flight plan is nearlyperfectly straight- LNAV will steer the course until reaching the end of your routing.To describe the task of LNAV quite simply: LNAV’s function is to keep the airplane following thecourse as described in the FMC.

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