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Louis Sullivan: The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered

Louis Sullivan: The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered

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Published by SamZagami
Louis Sullivan's 1896 essay.
The original magazine scan is available here: http://archive.org/details/tallofficebuildi00sull
Louis Sullivan's 1896 essay.
The original magazine scan is available here: http://archive.org/details/tallofficebuildi00sull

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Published by: SamZagami on Sep 03, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/13/2014

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V`j Vkii Haabgj Oubifbmc Krtbstbgkiiy Ghmsbfjrjf
Ihubs @. Wuiibvkm
Abrst puoibs`jf bm
Ibppbmghtt‒s Ekckzbmj 
 #:3 (Ekrg` ;021) pp. 647-42
B.
V`j krg`btjgts h
 t`bs ikmf kmf cjmjrktbhm krj mhw orhuc`t akgj-th-akgj wbt` shejt`bmc mjw umfjr t`j sum‖mkejiy, t`kt jvhiutbhm kmf bmtjcrktbhm h
 shgbki ghmfbtbhms, t`kt spjgbki crhupbmc h
 t`je, t`kt rjsuits bm k fjekmf ahr t`j jrjgtbhm h
 tkii ha 
bgj oubifbmcs.Bt bs mht ey purphsj th fbsguss t`j shgbki ghmfbtbhms> B kggjpt t`je ks t`j akgt, kmf sky kt hmgj t`kt t`j fjsbcm h
 t`j tkii ha 
bgj oubifbmc eust oj rjghcmbzjf kmf ghmarhmtjf kt t`j hutsjt ks k prhoije th oj shivjf‖k vbtki prhoije, prjssbmc ahr k truj shiutbhm.Ijt us stktj t`j ghmfbtbhms bm t`j pikbmjst ekmmjr. Orbj
iy, t`jy krj t`jsj< Ha 
bgjs krj mjgjsskry ahr t`j trkmskgtbhm h
 ousbmjss.V`j bmvjmtbhm kmf pjrajgtbhm h
 `bc` spjjf jijvkthrs eknj vjrtbgki trkvji, w`bg` wks hmgj tjfbhus kmf pkbmaui, mhw jksy kmf gheahrtkoij.V`j fjvjihpejmt h
 stjji ekmuakgturj `ks s`hwm t`j wky th skaj, rbcbf, jghmhebgki ghmstrugtbhms rbsbmc th k crjkt `jbc`t.V`j ghmtbmujf crhwt` h
 phpuiktbhm bm t`j crjkt gbtbjs, kmf t`j ghmsjqujmt ghmcjstbhm h
 gjmtjrs kmf t`j rbsj bm vkiuj h
 crhumf, stbeuiktj km bmgrjksj bm mueojr h
 sthrbjs.V`jsj, suggjssauiiy pbijf hmj uphm kmht`jr, rjkgt hm crhumf vkiujs‖kmf sh hm, oy kgtbhm kmf rjkgtbhm, bmtjrkgtbhm kmf bmtjr-rjkgtbhm. V`us `ks ghej kohut t`kt ahre h
 ihaty ghmstrugtbhm gkiijf t`j "ehfjrm ha 
bgj oubifbmc". Bt `ks ghej bm kmswjr th k gkii, ahr bm bt, k mjw crhupbmc h
 shgbki ghmfbtbhms `ks ahumf k `kobtktbhm kmf k mkej.Zp th t`bs phbmt, kii bm jvbfjmgj bs ektjrbkibstbg‖km jx`bobtbhm h
 ahrgj, h
 rjshiutbhm, h
 orkbms bm t`j njjm sjmsj h
 t`j whrf. Bt bs t`j lhbmt prhfugt h
 t`j spjguikthr, t`j jmcbmjjr, t`j oubifjr.
Trhoije 
< @hw s`kii wj bepkrt th t`bs stjrbij pbij‖t`bs grufj, `krs`, orutki kccihejrktbhm, t`bs stkrn, stkrbmc jxgikektbhm h
 jtjrmki strbaj‖t`j crkgbhusmjss h
 t`jsj `bc`jr ahres h
 sjmsbobibty kmf guiturj t`kt rjst hm t`j ihwjr kmf
bjrgjr pkssbhms8 @hw s`kii wj prhgikbe arhe t`j fbzzy `jbc`t h
 t`bs strkmcj, wjbrf, ehfjrm `husjthp t`j pjkgjaui jvkmcji h
 sjmtbejmt, h
 ojkuty‖t`j guit h
 k `bc`jr ibaj8V`bs bs t`j prhoije, kmf wj eust sjjn t`j shiutbhm h
 bt bm k prhgjss kmkihchus th bts hwm jvhiutbhm, bmfjjf, k ghmtbmuktbhm h
 bt‖mkejiy, oy prhgjjfbmc stjp-oy-stjp arhe cjmjrki th spjgbki kspjgts, arhe ghkrsjr th
bmjr ghmsbfjrktbhms.Bt bs ey ojibj
 t`kt bt bs h
 t`j vjry jssjmgj h
 jvjry prhoije t`kt bs ghmtkbms kmf succjsts bts hwm shiutbhm. V`bs B ojibjvj th oj mkturki ikw. Ijt us jxkebmj t`jm, gkrjauiiy, t`j jijejmts‖ijt us sjkrg` hut t`bs ghmtkbmjf succjstbhm, t`bs jssjmgj h
 t`j prhoije.V`j prkgtbgki ghmfbtbhms krj, orhkfiy spjknbmc, t`jsj<
Skmtjf 
< ;.K sthry ojihw crhumf, ghmtkbmbmc ohbijr, jmcbmjs h
 vkrbhus shrts, jtg.‖bm s`hrt, t`j pikmt ahr phwjr, `jktbmc, ibc`tbmc, jtg.
 
?.K crhumf
ihhr, sh gkiijf, fjvhtjf th sthrjs, okmns, hr ht`jr jstkoibs`ejmts rjqubrbmc ikrcj krjk, kepij spkgbmc, kepij ibc`t, kmf crjkt arjjfhe h
 kggjss. 7.K sjghmf sthry rjkfbiy kggjssboij oy stkbrwkys‖t`bs spkgj usukiiy bm ikrcj suofbvbsbhms, wbt` ghrrjsphmfbmc ibojrkibty bm strugturki spkgbmc kmf jxpkmsj h
 cikss kmf orjkft` h
 jxtjrmki hpjmbmcs. 6.Kohvj t`bs, km bmfj
bmbtj mueojr h
 sthrbjs h
 ha 
bgjs pbijf tbjr uphm tbjr, hmj tbjr lust ibnj kmht`jr tbjr, hmj ha 
bgj lust ibnj kii t`j ht`jr ha 
bgjs‖km ha 
bgj ojbmc sbebikr th k gjii bm `hmjy gheo, ejrjiy k ghepkrtejmt, mht`bmc ehrj. :.Kt t`j thp h
 t`bs pbij bs pikgjf k spkgj hr sthry t`kt, ks rjiktjf th t`j ibaj kmf usjauimjss h
 t`j strugturj, bs purjiy p`ysbhihcbgki bm bts mkturj‖mkejiy, t`j kttbg. Bm t`bs, t`j gbrguikthry systje ghepijtjs btsji
 kmf eknjs bt crkmf turm, ksgjmfbmc kmf fjsgjmfbmc. V`j spkgj bs
biijf wbt` tkmns, pbpjs, vkivjs, s`jkvjs, kmf ejg`kmbgki jtgjtjrk t`kt suppijejmt kmf ghepijejmt t`j ahrgj-hrbcbmktbmc pikmt `bffjm ojihw crhumf bm t`j gjiikr. 1.Abmkiiy, hr kt t`j ojcbmmbmc rkt`jr, t`jrj eust oj hm t`j crhumf
ihhr k ekbm kpjrturj hr jmtrkmgj gheehm th kii t`j hggupkmts hr pktrhms h
 t`j oubifbmc.V`bs tkouiktbhm bs, bm t`j ekbm, g`krkgtjrbstbg h
 jvjry tkii ha 
bgj oubifbmc bm t`j ghumtry. Ks th t`j mjgjsskry krrkmcjejmts ahr ibc`t ghurts, t`jsj krj mht cjrekmj th t`j prhoije, kmf ks wbii ojghej shhm jvbfjmt, B trust, mjjf mht oj ghmsbfjrjf `jrj. V`jsj t`bmcs, kmf sug` ht`jrs ks t`j krrkmcjejmt h
 jijvkthrs, ahr jxkepij, `kvj th fh strbgtiy wbt` t`j jghmhebgs h
 t`j oubifbmc, kmf B kssuej t`je th `kvj ojjm auiiy ghmsbfjrjf kmf fbsphsjf h
 th t`j sktbsakgtbhm h
 purjiy utbibtkrbkm kmf pjgumbkry fjekmfs. Hmiy bm rkrj bmstkmgjs fhjs t`j pikm hr
ihhr krrkmcjejmt h
 t`j tkii ha 
bgj oubifbmc tknj hm km kjst`jtbg vkiuj, kmf t`us usukiiy w`jm t`j ibc`tbmc ghurt bs jxtjrmki hr ojghejs km bmtjrmki ajkturj h
 crjkt bephrtkmgj.Ks B ke `jrj sjjnbmc mht ahr km bmfbvbfuki hr spjgbki shiutbhm, out ahr k truj mhreki typj, t`j kttjmtbhm eust oj ghm
bmjf th t`hsj ghmfbtbhms t`kt, bm t`j ekbm, krj ghmstkmt bm kii tkii ha 
bgj oubifbmcs, kmf jvjry ejrj bmgbfjmtki kmf kggbfjmtki vkrbktbhm jibebmktjf arhe t`j ghmsbfjrktbhm ks `kreaui th t`j gijkrmjss h
 t`j ekbm bmqubry.V`j prkgtbgki `hrbzhmtki kmf vjrtbgki fbvbsbhm, hr ha 
bgj umbt, bs mkturkiiy oksjf hm k rhhe h
 gheahrtkoij krjk kmf `jbc`t, kmf t`j sbzj h
 t`bs stkmfkrf ha 
bgj rhhe lust ks mkturkiiy prjfjtjrebmjs t`j stkmfkrf strugturki umbt, kmf, kpprhxbektjiy, t`j sbzj h
 wbmfhw hpjmbmcs. Bm turm, t`jsj purjiy krobtrkry umbts h
 strugturj ahre, bm km jqukiiy mkturki wky, t`j truj oksbs h
 t`j krtbstbg fjvjihpejmt h
 t`j jxtjrbhr. H
 ghursj t`j strugturki spkgbmcs kmf hpjmbmcs bm t`j
brst hr ejrgkmtbij sthry krj rjqubrjf th oj t`j ikrcjst h
 kii> t`hsj bm t`j sjghmf hr quksb-ejrgkmtbij sthry krj h
 k shejw`kt sbebikr mkturj. V`j spkgbmcs kmf hpjmbmcs bm t`j kttbg krj h
 mh bephrtkmgj w`ktshjvjr (t`j wbmfhws `kvj mh kgtuki  vkiuj), ahr ibc`t eky oj tknjm arhe t`j thp, kmf mh rjghcmbtbhm h
 k gjiiuikr fbvbsbhm bs mjgjsskry bm t`j strugturki spkgbmc.@jmgj bt ahiihws, bmjvbtkoiy kmf bm t`j sbepijst phssboij wky, t`kt b
 wj ahiihw hur mkturki bmstbmgts wbt`hut t`huc`t h
 ohhns, ruijs, prjgjfjmts, hr kmy sug` jfugktbhmki bepjfbejmts th k sphmtkmjhus kmf "sjmsboij" rjsuit, wj wbii bm t`j ahiihwbmc ekmmjr fjsbcm t`j jxtjrbhr h
 hur tkii ha 
bgj oubifbmc<Ojcbmmbmc wbt` t`j
brst sthry, wj cbvj t`bs k ekbm jmtrkmgj t`kt kttrkgts t`j jyj th bts ihgktbhm, kmf t`j rjekbmfjr h
 t`j sthry wj trjkt bm k ehrj hr ijss ibojrki, jxpkmsbvj, sueptuhus wky‖k wky oksjf jxkgtiy hm t`j prkgtbgki mjgjssbtbjs, out jxprjssjf wbt` k sjmtbejmt h
 ikrcjmjss kmf arjjfhe. V`j sjghmf sthry wj trjkt bm k sbebikr wky, out usukiiy wbt` ebifjr prjtjmsbhm.
 
Kohvj t`bs, t`rhuc`hut t`j bmfj
bmbtj mueojr h
 typbgki ha 
bgj tbjrs, wj tknj hur guj arhe t`j bmfbvbfuki gjii, w`bg` rjqubrjs k wbmfhw wbt` bts sjpkrktbmc pbjr, bts sbii kmf ibmtji, kmf wj, wbt`hut ehrj kfh, eknj t`je
ihhn
 kii kibnj ojgkusj t`jy
krj 
 kii kibnj. V`bs orbmcs us th t`j kttbg, w`bg`, `kvbmc mh fbvbsbhm bmth ha 
bgj gjiis kmf mh spjgbki rjqubrjejmt ahr ibc`tbmc, cbvjs us t`j phwjr th s`hw, oy ejkms h
 bts orhkf jxpkmsj h
 wkii kmf bts fhebmktbmc wjbc`t kmf g`krkgtjr, t`kt w`bg` bs t`j akgt‖mkejiy, t`kt t`j sjrbjs h
 ha 
bgj tbjrs `ks ghej fj
bmbtjiy th km jmf.V`bs eky pjr`kps sjje k okif rjsuit kmf k `jkrtijss, pjssbebstbg wky h
 stktbmc bt, out jvjm sh, wj gjrtkbmiy `kvj kfvkmgjf k ehst g`krkgtjrbstbg stkcj ojyhmf t`j bekcbmjf sbmbstjr oubifbmc h
 t`j spjguikthr-jmcbmjjr-oubifjr gheobmktbhm. Ahr t`j `kmf h
 t`j krg`btjgt bs mhw fj
bmbtjiy ajit bm t`j fjgbsbvj phsbtbhm kt hmgj tknjm, kmf t`j succjstbhm h
 k t`hrhuc`iy shumf, ihcbgki, gh`jrjmt jxprjssbhm h
 t`j ghmfbtbhms bs ojghebmc kppkrjmt.S`jm B sky t`j `kmf h
 t`j krg`btjgt, B fh mht ejkm mjgjsskrbiy t`j kgghepibs`jf kmf trkbmjf krg`btjgt. B ejkm hmiy k ekm wbt` k strhmc, mkturki ibnbmc ahr oubifbmcs, kmf k fbsphsbtbhm th s`kpj t`je bm w`kt sjjes th `bs umkaajgtjf mkturj k fbrjgt kmf sbepij wky. @j wbii prhokoiy trjkf km bmmhgjmt pkt` arhe `bs prhoije th bts shiutbhm, kmf t`jrjbm `j wbii s`hw km jmvbkoij cbat h
 ihcbg. B
 `j `ks shej cbat ahr ahre bm fjtkbi, shej ajjibmc ahr ahre, purjiy kmf sbepiy ks ahre‖shej ihvj ahr t`kt‖`bs rjsuit, bm kffbtbhm th bts sbepij, strkbc`tahrwkrf mkturkimjss kmf ghepijtjmjss bm cjmjrki stktjejmt, wbii `kvj shejt`bmc h
 t`j g`kre h
 sjmtbejmt.@hwjvjr, t`us akr, t`j rjsuits krj hmiy pkrtbki kmf tjmtktbvj kt ojst> rjiktbvjiy truj t`jy krj, out supjr
bgbki. Sj krj fhuotijss rbc`t bm hur bmstbmgts, out wj eust sjjn k auiijr lustb
bgktbhm, k
bmjr skmgtbhm ahr bt.
BB.
B kssuej mhw t`kt bm t`j stufy h
 hur prhoije, wj `kvj pkssjf t`rhuc` t`j vkrbhus stkcjs h
 bmqubry, ks ahiihws< Abrst, t`j shgbki oksbs h
 t`j fjekmf ahr tkii oubifbmcs.Wjghmf, bts ibtjrki ektjrbki sktbsakgtbhm.V`brf, t`j jijvktbhm h
 t`j qujstbhm arhe ghmsbfjrktbhms h
 ibtjrki pikmmbmc, ghmstrugtbhm, kmf jqubpejmt, th t`j pikmj h
 jijejmtkry krg`btjgturj ks k fbrjgt hutcrhwt` h
 shumf, sjmsboij oubifbmc.Ahurt`, t`j qujstbhm kckbm jijvktjf arhe km jijejmtkry krg`btjgturj th t`j ojcbmmbmcs h
 truj krg`btjgturki jxprjssbhm, t`rhuc` t`j kffbtbhm h
 k gjrtkbm qukibty kmf qukmtbty h
 sjmtbejmt.Out hur oubifbmc eky `kvj kii t`jsj bm k ghmsbfjrkoij fjcrjj kmf yjt oj akr arhe t`kt kfjquktj shiutbhm h
 t`j prhoije B ke kttjeptbmc th fj
bmj. Sj eust mhw `jjf qukibty kmf qukmtbty h
 sjmtbejmt.Bt fjekmfs h
 us, ‐w`kt bs t`j g`bj
 g`krkgtjrbstbg h
 t`j tkii ha 
bgj oubifbmc8‒ Kmf kt hmgj, wj kmswjr, ‐bt bs ihaty‒. V`bs ihatbmjss bs th t`j krtbst-mkturj bts t`rbiibmc kspjgt. Bt bs t`j vjry hpjm hrckm thmj bm bts kppjki. Bt eust oj bm turm t`j fhebmkmt g`hrf bm `bs jxprjssbhm h
 bt, t`j truj jxgbtkmt h
 `bs bekcbmktbhm. Bt eust oj tkii, jvjry bmg` h
 bt tkii. V`j ahrgj kmf phwjr h
 kitbtufj eust oj bm bt, t`j cihry kmf prbfj h
 jxkitktbhm eust oj bm bt. Bt eust oj jvjry bmg` k prhuf kmf shkrbmc t`bmc, rbsbmc bm s`jjr jxuitktbhm, t`kt arhe ohtthe th thp, bt bs k umbt wbt`hut k sbmcij fbssjmtbmc ibmj‖t`kt bt bs t`j mjw, t`j umjxpjgtjf, t`j jihqujmt pjrhrktbhm h
 ehst okif, ehst sbmbstjr, ehst ahrobffbmc ghmfbtbhms.

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