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PHP Tutorial

PHP Tutorial



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Published by: Muhammad Salman Habib on Jan 15, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Muhammad Salman HabibPage 11/15/2009
PHP is a powerful server-side scripting language for creating dynamic andinteractive websites.PHP is the widely-used, free, and efficient alternative to competitors such asMicrosoft's ASP. PHP is perfectly suited for Web development and can beembedded directly into the HTML code.The PHP syntax is very similar to Perl and C. PHP is often used together withApache (web server) on various operating systems. It also supports ISAPI andcan be used with Microsoft's IIS on Windows.A PHP file may contain text, HTML tags and scripts. Scripts in a PHP file areexecuted on the server.
What You Should Already Know
Before you continue you should have a basic understanding of the following:HTML / XHTMLSome scripting knowledgeIf you want to study these subjects first, find the tutorials on our Home page.
What is PHP?
PHP stands for 
PHP is a server-side scripting language, like ASP
PHP scripts are executed on the server 
PHP supports many databases (MySQL, Informix, Oracle, Sybase, Solid,PostgreSQL, Generic ODBC, etc.)
PHP is an open source software (OSS)
PHP is free to download and use
What is a PHP File?
PHP files may contain text, HTML tags and scripts
PHP files are returned to the browser as plain HTML
PHP files have a file extension of ".php", ".php3", or ".phtml"
What is MySQL?
MySQL is a database server 
MySQL is ideal for both small and large applications
MySQL supports standard SQL
Muhammad Salman HabibPage 21/15/2009
MySQL compiles on a number of platforms
MySQL is free to download and use
PHP combined with MySQL are cross-platform (means that you candevelop in Windows and serve on a Unix platform)
Why PHP?
PHP runs on different platforms (Windows, Linux, UNIX, etc.)
PHP is compatible with almost all servers used today (Apache, IIS, etc.)
PHP is FREE to download from the official PHP resource:www.php.net
PHP is easy to learn and runs efficiently on the server side
Where to Start?
Install an Apache server on a Windows or Linux machine
Install PHP on a Windows or Linux machine
Install MySQL on a Windows or Linux machine
What do you need?
This tutorial will not explain how to install PHP, MySQL, or Apache Server.If your server supports PHP - you don't need to do anything! You do not need tocompile anything or install any extra tools - just create some .php files in your web directory - and the server will parse them for you. Most web hosts offer PHPsupport.However, if your server does not support PHP, you must install PHP. Below is alink to a good tutorial from PHP.net on how to install PHP5:http://www.php.net/manual/en/install.php
Download PHP
Download PHP for free here:http://www.php.net/downloads.php
Download MySQL Database
Download MySQL for free here:http://www.mysql.com/downloads/index.html
Muhammad Salman HabibPage 31/15/2009
Download Apache Server 
Download Apache for free here:http://httpd.apache.org/download.cgi
Basic PHP Syntax
A PHP scripting block always starts with
and ends with
. A PHPscripting block can be placed anywhere in the document.On servers with shorthand support enabled you can start a scripting block with<? and end with ?>.However, for maximum compatibility, we recommend that you use the standardform (<?php) rather than the shorthand form.
A PHP file normally contains HTML tags, just like an HTML file, and some PHPscripting code.Below, we have an example of a simple PHP script which sends the text "HelloWorld" to the browser:
<html><body><?phpecho "Hello World";?></body></html>
Each code line in PHP must end with a semicolon. The semicolon is a separator and is used to distinguish one set of instructions from another.There are two basic statements to output text with PHP:
. In theexample above we have used the echo statement to output the text "HelloWorld".
Comments in PHP
In PHP, we use // to make a single-line comment or /* and */ to make a largecomment block.
<html><body><?php//This is a comment/*This is

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