ASPE Data Book — Volume 42
resistant surface. Enameled cast iron plumb-ing fixtures are strong, ductile, and longlasting.•
Porcelain enameled steel
Porcelain enameledsteel is a substantially vitreous or glossy in-organic coating that is bonded to sheet steelby fusion. The sheet steel must be designedfor the application of the porcelain enamel toproduce a high-quality product.•
A variety of stainless steelsare used to produce plumbing fixtures. Thedifferent types include types 316, 304, 302,301, 202, 201, and 430. One of the key in-gredients in stainless steel is nickel. A highernickel content tends to produce a superiorfinish in the stainless steel. Types 302 and304 have 8% nickel and Type 316 has 10%nickel.•
Plastic is a generic category for a va-riety of synthetic materials used in plumbingfixtures. The various plastic materials usedto produce plumbing fixtures include acry-lonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS); polyvinylchloride (PVC); gel-coated, fiberglass-rein-forced plastic; acrylic; cultured marble;cast-filled fiberglass; polyester; cast-filledacrylic; gel-coated plastic; and culturedmarble acrylic. Plastics used in plumbing fix-tures are subject to numerous tests todetermine their quality. Some of the testingincludes an ignition (torch) test, a cigaretteburn test, a stain-resistance test, and achemical-resistance test.•
This is an older material used pre-dominantly in the manufacture of laundrytrays and service sinks. Soapstone is steatite,which is extremely heavy and very durable.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) andAmerican National Standards Institute (ANSI)A117.1,
Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities
, require certain plumbing fixtures tobe accessible. The requirements for accessibil-ity are addressed in
ASPE Data Book
, Volume 1,Chapter 6.
Plumbing fixtures are regulated by nationallydeveloped consensus standards. These stan-dards specify the material, fixture design, andtesting requirements.While the standards for plumbing fixturesare considered voluntary, with reference to thestandards in the plumbing code, the require-ments become mandatory. Most fixturemanufacturers have their products certified bya third-party testing laboratory as being in con-formance with the applicable standard.Table 1-1 identifies the most common con-sensus standards regulating plumbing fixtures.A complete list of standards is found in
Volume 1, Chapter 2.
Table 1-1 Plumbing Fixture Standards
Plumbing FixtureApplicable StandardFixture Material
Water closetANSI/ASME A112.19.2Vitreous china ANSI Z124.4PlasticUrinalANSI/ASME A112.19.2Vitreous china ANSI Z124.9PlasticLavatoryANSI/ASME A112.19.1Enameled cast iron ANSI/ASME A112.19.2Vitreous china ANSI/ASME A112.19.3Stainless steel ANSI/ASME A112.19.4Porcelain enameled steel ANSI/ASME A112.19.9Nonvitreous china ANSI Z124.3PlasticSinkANSI/ASME A112.19.1Enameled cast iron ANSI/ASME A112.19.2Vitreous china ANSI/ASME A112.19.3Stainless steel ANSI/ASME A112.19.4Porcelain enameled steel ANSI/ASME A112.19.9Nonvitreous china ANSI Z124.6PlasticDrinking fountainANSI/ASME A112.19.1Enameled cast iron ANSI/ASME A112.19.2Vitreous china ANSI/ASME A112.19.9Nonvitreous china ARI 1010Water coolersShowerANSI Z124.2PlasticBathtubANSI/ASME A112.19.1Enameled cast iron ANSI/ASME A112.19.4Porcelain enameled steel ANSI/ASME A112.19.9Nonvitreous china ANSI Z124.1PlasticBidetANSI/ASME A112.19.2Vitreous china ANSI/ASME A112.19.9Nonvitreous chinaFloor drainANSI/ASME A112.6.3All materialsEmergency fixturesANSI Z358.1All materialsFaucets and fixture fittingsANSI/ASME A112.18.1All materialsWaste fittingsANSI/ASME A112.18.2All materials