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Table Of Contents

1.4 The Genesis of the Hot Big Bang Model
1.4.1 Recent developments
1.4.2 Discovery of the acceleration
Cambridge and the Landau School
1.4.4 The inflationary paradigm
verse and the Big Bounce
1.5 Guidelines to the Literature
Fundamental Tools
2.1 Einstein Equations
2.2 Matter Fields
2.2.1 Perfect fluid
2.2.2 Scalar field
2.2.3 Electromagnetic field
2.2.4 Yang-Mills fields and Θ-sector
2.3 Hamiltonian Formulation of the Dynamics
2.3.1 Canonical General Relativity
2.3.2 Hamilton-Jacobi equations for gravitational field
2.3.3 The ADM reduction of the dynamics
2.4 Synchronous Reference System
2.5 Tetradic Formalism
2.6 Gauge-like Formulation of GR
2.6.1 Lagrangian formulation
2.6.2 Hamiltonian formulation
2.6.3 On the gauge group of GR
2.7 Singularity Theorems
2.7.1 Definition of a space-time singularity
2.7.2 Fluid kinematics
2.7.3 The Raychaudhuri equation
2.7.4 Singularity Theorems
2.8 Guidelines to the Literature
Physical Cosmology
3.1 The RW Geometry
3.1.1 Definition of isotropy
3.1.2 Kinematics of the isotropic Universe
3.1.3 The particle motion
3.1.4 The Hubble law
3.1.5 The Hubble length and the cosmological horizon
Universe: The hot Big Bang
3.2 The FRW Cosmology
3.2.1 Field equations for the isotropic Universe
3.2.2 Asymptotic solution toward the Big Bang
3.2.3 The de Sitter Solution
3.2.4 Hamiltonian dynamics of the isotropic Universe
3.3 Dissipative Cosmologies
3.3.1 Bulk viscosity
3.3.2 Matter creation in the expanding Universe
3.4 Inhomogeneous Fluctuations in the Universe
3.4.1 The meaning of cosmological perturbations
3.4.2 The Jeans length in a static uniform fluid
3.4.3 The Jeans length in an expanding Universe
3.5 General Relativistic Perturbation Theory
3.5.1 Perturbed Einstein equations
3.5.3 Perturbed conservation equations
3.5.4 Gauge modes
3.5.5 Evolution of scalar modes
3.5.6 Adiabatic and isocurvature perturbations
3.5.7 Imperfect fluids
3.5.8 Kinetic theory
3.6 The Lemaˆıtre-Tolmann-Bondi Spherical Solution
4.2.3 The power spectrum of density fluctuations
4.3 The Acceleration of the Universe
4.4 The Cosmic Microwave Background
4.4.1 Sources of anisotropy
4.4.2 The power spectrum of CMB anisotropies
4.4.3 Acoustic oscillations
4.4.4 Effect of the cosmological parameters
4.5 Guidelines to the Literature
The Theory of Inflation
5.1 The Shortcomings of the Standard Cosmology
5.1.1 The horizon and flatness paradoxes
5.2 The Inflationary Paradigm
5.3 Presence of a Self-interacting Scalar Field
5.3.1 Coupling of the scalar field with the thermal bath
5.4 Inflationary Dynamics
5.4.1 Slow-rolling phase
5.4.2 The reheating phase
5.5 Solution to the Shortcomings of the Standard Cosmol-
5.5.1 Solution to the horizon and flatness paradoxes
5.6 General Features
5.6.1 Slow-rolling phase
5.6.2 Reheating phase
5.6.3 The Coleman-Weinberg model
5.6.4 Genesis of the seeds for structure formation
5.7.1 Dark energy
5.7.2 Modified gravity theory
5.8 Guidelines to the Literature
6.1 Quasi-Isotropic Solution
6.2 The Presence of Ultrarelativistic Matter
6.3 The Role of a Massless Scalar Field
6.4 The Role of an Electromagnetic Field
6.5 Quasi-Isotropic Inflation
6.5.1 Geometry, matter and scalar field equations
6.5.2 Inflationary dynamics
6.5.3 Physical considerations
6.6 Quasi-Isotropic Viscous Solution
6.6.1 Form of the energy density
6.6.2 Comments on the adopted paradigm
equations
6.6.4 The velocity and the three-metric
6.7 Guidelines to the Literature
Mathematical Cosmology
Homogeneous Universes
7.1 Homogeneous Cosmological Models
7.1.1 Definition of homogeneity
7.1.2 Application to Cosmology
7.1.3 Bianchi Classification and Line Element
7.2 Kasner Solution
7.2.1 The role of matter
7.3 The Dynamics of the Bianchi Models
7.3.1 Bianchi type II: The concept of Kasner epoch
7.3.2 Bianchi type VII: The concept of Kasner era
7.4 Bianchi Types VIII and IX Models
7.4.1 The oscillatory regime
7.4.2 Stochastic properties and the Gaussian distribution
7.4.3 Small oscillations
7.5 Dynamical Systems Approach
7.5.1 Equations for orthogonal Bianchi class A models
7.5.2 The Bianchi I model and the Kasner circle
7.5.3 The Bianchi II model in vacuum
7.6 Multidimensional Homogeneous Universes
7.6.1 On the non-diagonal cases
7.7 Guidelines to the Literature
8.1 Hamiltonian Formulation of the Dynamics
8.2 The Mixmaster Model in the Misner Variables
8.2.1 Metric reparametrization
8.2.2 Kasner solution
8.2.3 Lagrangian formulation
8.2.4 Reduced ADM Hamiltonian
8.2.5 Mixmaster dynamics
8.3 Misner-Chitr´e Like Variables
8.3.1 The Jacobi metric and the billiard representation
8.3.2 Some remarks on the billiard representation
8.4 The Invariant Liouville Measure
8.5 Invariant Lyapunov Exponent
8.6 Chaos Covariance
8.6.1 Shortcomings of Lyapunov exponents
8.6.2 On the occurrence of fractal basin
pendent Phenomenon
8.7.1 The role of a scalar field
8.7.2 The role of a vector field
8.8 Isotropization Mechanism
8.9 Guidelines to the Literature
9.1 Inhomogeneous Perturbations of Bianchi IX
9.2 Formulation of the Generic Cosmological Problem
9.2.1 The Generalized Kasner solution
9.2.2 Inhomogeneous BKL solution
9.2.3 Rotation of the Kasner axes
9.3 The Fragmentation Process
9.3.1 Physical meaning of the BKL conjecture
9.4 The Generic Cosmological Solution in Misner Variables
9.5 Hamiltonian Formulation in a General Framework
9.5.1 Local dynamics
9.5.2 Dynamics of inhomogeneities
Variables
9.6.1 Asymptotic freezing of the Iwasawa variables
9.6.2 Cosmological billiards
9.7 Multidimensional Oscillatory Regime
9.7.1 Dilatons, p-forms and Kac-Moody algebras
9.8 Properties of the BKL Map
9.8.1 Parametrization in a generic number of dimensions
9.8.2 Ordering properties
9.8.3 Properties of the BKL map in the υ space
9.9 Guidelines to the Literature
10.1.2 Relation with the Path Integral Quantization
10.2 The Problem of Time
10.2.1 Time before quantization
10.2.2 Time after quantization
10.2.3 Timeless physics
10.3 What is Quantum Cosmology?
10.3.1 Minisuperspace models
10.3.2 Interpretation of the theory
10.3.3 Quantum singularity avoidance
10.4 Path Integral in the Minisuperspace
10.5 Scalar Field as Relational Time
10.6 Interpretation of the Wave Function of the Universe
10.6.1 The semiclassical approximation
isotropization of the Universe
10.7 Boundary Conditions
10.7.1 No-boundary proposal
10.7.2 Tunneling proposal
10.7.3 Comparison between the two approaches
10.8 Quantization of the FRW Model Filled with a Scalar
10.9 The Poincar´e Half Plane
10.10 Quantum Dynamics of the Taub Universe
10.10.1 Classical framework
10.10.2 Quantum framework
10.11 Quantization of the Mixmaster in the Misner Picture
10.12 The Quantum Mixmaster in the Poincar´e Half Plane
10.12.1 Continuity equation and the Liouville theorem
10.12.2 Schr¨odinger dynamics
10.12.3 Eigenfunctions and the vacuum state
10.12.4 Properties of the spectrum
10.13 Guidelines to the Literature
11.1 The Algebraic Approach
11.1.1 Basic elements
11.1.2 GNS construction and Fell theorem
11.2 Polymer Quantum Mechanics
11.2.1 From Schr¨odinger to polymer representation
11.2.2 Kinematics
11.2.3 Dynamics
11.3 On the Existence of a Fundamental Scale
11.4 String Theory and Generalized Uncertainty Principle
11.6 Quantum Mechanics in the GUP Framework
11.7 Guidelines to the Literature
Modern Quantum Cosmology
12.1 Loop Quantum Gravity
12.1.1 Kinematics
12.1.2 Implementation of the constraints
12.1.3 Quantum constraints algebra
12.2 Loop Quantum Cosmology
12.2.1 Kinematics
12.2.2 Quantum dynamics and Big Bounce
12.2.3 Effective classical dynamics
12.3 Mixmaster Universe in LQC
12.3.1 Loop quantum Bianchi IX
12.3.2 Effective dynamics
12.4 Triangulated Loop Quantum Cosmology
12.4.1 The triangulated model
12.4.2 Isotropic sector: FRW
12.4.3 Anisotropic sector: Bianchi IX
12.4.4 Full dipole model
12.4.5 Quantization of the model
12.5 Snyder-Deformed Quantum Cosmology
Universe
12.6.1 Deformed classical dynamics
12.6.2 Deformed quantum dynamics
12.7 Mixmaster Universe in the GUP Approach
12.8 Guidelines to the Literature
Bibliography
Index
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Published by Rugmini Vasudevan

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Published by: Rugmini Vasudevan on Sep 04, 2012
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