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802.11ac Whitepaper

802.11ac Whitepaper

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Published by Advantec Srl
Prodotto distribuito in Italia da Advantec, maggiori info su http://www.advantec.it
Prodotto distribuito in Italia da Advantec, maggiori info su http://www.advantec.it

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Advantec Srl on Sep 04, 2012
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09/04/2012

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 WHAT YOU NEEDTO KNOW ABOUT802.11AC
DEMYSTIFYING THE BUSINESS AND TECHNICAL IMPLICATIONSOF THE NEXT GENERATION OF WLAN TECHNOLOGY
 WHITE PAPER
JULY 2012
 
PAGE 2
 WHITE PAPER
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT 802.11AC
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION: WLANs IN TRANSITION 3 WHY DO WE NEED FASTER WI-FI? 3802.11AC UNDER THE HOOD 4HOW MANY SPATIAL STREAMS? 6INTEROPERABILITY AND MIGRATION CONSIDERATIONS 7CONCLUSION AND SUMMARY 8802.11 TIMELINE 9
 
PAGE 3
 WHITE PAPER
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT 802.11AC
The appetite or wireless bandwidth is seemingly insatiable. Fiteen years ago, the rst standard wireless LANsemerged at 1Mbps and 2Mbps to serve niche applications such as warehouse picking, inventory scanning and, in ocebuildings where mobility wasn’t a requirement, cordless PC connections aimed at lowering cabling costs. Fast orwardthrough several WLAN generations to today, and the story has completely changed.Fith-generation WLANs are now nearing standardization, and they are poised to run at 1Gbps speeds and beyond toserve any number o mission-critical applications across all industries. Instead o wireless connectivity being reservedor specialized applications or occasional connections in conerence rooms, most knowledge workers today use theWLAN as their primary access network, and mobility has become a primary requirement. Employees typically totea combination o smartphones, tablet computers and laptops supporting both Wi-Fi (802.11) and cellular networkconnections to access many o their corporate applications.As a result, greater wireless throughput and denser networks o wireless access points (APs) are needed to satisyburgeoning bandwidth demands. Today’s 802.11n Wi-Fi version, oering 300Mbps to 450Mbps maximum theoreticalspeeds per radio, has matured. Enterprises have been steadily installing it since 2009. But even its generous capacityis already being tested in some organizations and soon will be in others, driving the IEEE to develop a 1Gbps WLANstandard, called “802.11ac: Enhancements or Very High Throughput or Operation in Bands Below 6 GHz.”The 802.11ac standard now species WLANs running exclusively in the 5GHz band, so it will be backward-compatiblewith 802.11n devices running at 5GHz. The standard is expected to be nalized next year..
A number o actors are ueling industry progress with802.11ac standards. Among them:
•
More users.
Sheer trac volume is exploding. Wi-Fihas more or less succeeded at displacing Ethernet inthe access portion o the corporate network, so thereare simply more Wi-Fi users creating trac. In addition,guest trac in certain verticals is adding to the loads.For example, retail customers oten want to use theirWi-Fi-enabled devices in stores to comparison shop;in turn, retailers take advantage o customers’ wirelessconnectivity by pushing in-store advertising to themover the airwaves.
•
More devices per user/BYOD.
In addition, users nowtend to carry at least two devices; most carry a mobilephone and a laptop, and some carry a tablet computer,as well. This has created a dense population o deviceswith varying transmit power levels, generating moretrac and creating new Wi-Fi design considerationsor the enterprise.
•
“Big” apps.
Users are running bandwidth-hungryapps such as Apple iCloud and Google Drive over-the-air synchronization services, high-de video, Webconerencing, social networking apps, Apple FaceTimevideoconerencing and Pandora radio streaming, toname just a ew. These consume ar more capacitythan the low-speed data transers o yesterday.
•
Cellular ooad.
A number o 3G/4G cellular carriers aregrowing anxious to ofoad mobile WAN trac ontoWi-Fi wherever possible to prevent cellular trac jams.This works because most popular mobile devicessupport both cellular and Wi-Fi connections, so cellularsubscribers can hop onto Wi-Fi when they are in range.
 802.11ac will help address and acilitate all o thesesituations. Final IEEE 802.11ac Working Group approvalis expected in late 2013, though, as with most WLANstandards, the industry’s Wi-Fi Alliance expects to certiy“pre-standard” products six to 12 months earlier thanthat, most likely or the home/consumer market. 802.11acproducts earning a pre-standard Wi-Fi certication bythe alliance have been tested or interoperability by thealliance’s labs with a number o other early products built tothe 802.11ac standard in its near-nal state.Note that to be considered “standards-compliant,ratication o the nal standard must take place,and products must be tested or conormity to all themandatory components o that standard. Standardsconormance/compliance still is not an assurance o productinteroperability, as standard eatures might be interpretedand executed slightly dierently. So interoperability testingand certication remains a good idea, whether products are“pre-standard” or built to the nal, ratied standard.
INTRODUCTION:WLANs IN TRANSITION
 WHY DO WE NEED FASTER WI-FI?

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