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Course Syllabus CONSTI 1

Course Syllabus CONSTI 1

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Published by Jaja Gako

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Published by: Jaja Gako on Sep 04, 2012
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 1Political Law ICourse syllabusNature of the ConstitutionDefinition;Classification;Qualities and essential parts of a good written ConstitutionRatification / Political vs. Justiciable Question- Javellana v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. L-36142, March 31,1973, 50 SCRA 33Constitutional Construction
- Perfecto v. Meer, G.R. No. L-2348, Feb. 27, 1950, 85 Phil. 552- Endencia v. David, G.R. No. L-6355-56, Aug. 31, 1953, 93 Phil. 696- Nitafan v. Comm. of Internal Revenue, G.R. No. 78780, July 23, 1987,152 SCRA 284
Self-executing provisions- Manila Prince Hotel v. GSIS, G.R. No. 122156, Feb. 3, 1997Constitutional HistoryPre-1935 ConstitutionSchurman Commission; Taft Commission; Spooner Amendment;Philippine Bill of 1902Jones Law of 1916; Tydings-McDuffie Act of 19341935 ConstitutionDeclaration of Martial Law- Aquino v. Enrile, GR L-35546, Sept. 17, 1974, 59 SCRA 1831973 Constitution- Javellana v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. L-36142, March31, 1973, 50 SCRA 331986 Snap Presidential Election- Philippine Bar Association. v. Comelec, 140 SCRA 455People Power RevoltProclamation No. 1, Feb. 25, 1986Proclamation No. 3 (Freedom Constitution), Mar. 25, 1986- Lawyers League v. Aquino, GR 73748, May 22, 1986 (Seenext case.)- In re: Saturnino Bermudez, GR 76180, Oct. 24, 1986, 145SCRA 1601987 Constitution- In re: Letter of Reynato Puno, June 29, 1992, 210 SCRA- Estrada v. Arroyo, G.R. No. 146738, March 2, 2001Effectivity of the 1987 Constitution- De Leon v. Esguerra, GR 78059, Aug. 31, 1987, 153 SCRA602AMENDMENT PROCESSAmendment vs. RevisionProcedure1. Proposala. By Congressb. By a Constitutional ConventionTheories on Position of Constitutional Conventionc. By the People thru InitiativeRA 6735- Defensor-Santiago v. Comelec, GR 127325, March19, 19972. Ratification
 2Doctrine of Proper Submission- Tolentino v. Comelec, GR L-34150, Oct. 16, 1971, 41SCRA 702POWER OF JUDICIAL REVIEW- Marbury v. Madison, 5 US 137, 2 L.Ed. 60- Defensor-Santiago v. Guingona, GR 134577, Nov. 18, 1998- Francisco v. House of Representatives, GR 160261, Nov. 10,2003Judicial Supremacy vs. Constitutional SupremacyPolitical vs. Justiciable Question- Baker v. Carr, 396 US 186- Nixon v. US, 506 US 224- Goldwater v. Carter, 444 US 996, 62 L.Ed.2d 428- Sanidad v. Comelec, 73 SCRA 333- Estrada v. Arroyo, G.R. No. 146738, March 2, 2001- Brillantes v. Concepcion, GR 163193, June 15, 2004Presumption of Constitutionality- Lim v. Pacquing, GR 115044, Jan. 27, 1995Requisites of Judicial Review:1. Actual Case or Controversy- Board of Optometry v. Colet, GR 122241, July 30, 1996- Mariano v. Comelec, 242 SCRA 211- Fernandez v. Torres, 215 SCRA 489- La Bugal-
B’laan Tribal Assn. v. DENR Secretary, GR 127882, Jan.
27, 2004Ripeness- City of Los Angeles v. Lyons, 461 US 95, 75 L.Ed.2d 675Mootness- David v. Macapagal-Arroyo (PP1017), GR 171396, May 3,2006- La Bugal-
B’laan Tribal Assn. v. DENR Secretary, GR 127882,
Dec. 1, 2004- DeFunis v. Odegaard, 416 US 312, 40 L.Ed.2d 1642. Proper PartyConventional Standing- Warth v. Seldin, 422 US 490, 45 L.Ed.2d. 343Representative StandingJus Tertii standing- Craig v. Boren, 429 US 190, 50 L.Ed.2d. 397Transcendental importance to the public- Kilosbayan v. Guingona, 232 SCRA 110- Kilosbayan v. Morato, 246 SCRA 540- Kilosbayan v. Morato (Recon.), GR 118910, Nov. 16, 1995- Francisco v. Fernando, G.R. No. 166501, Nov. 16, 2006Standing of members of Congress- Philconsa v. Enriquez, 235 SCRA 506- Bagatsing v. Committee on Privatization, GR 112399, July14, 1995Standing of Integrated Bar of the Philippines- IBP v. Zamora, G.R. No. 141284, August 15, 2000Standing of the Government to question its own laws- People v. Vera, 65 Phil. 56
Taxpayer’s Suits
 - Bayan v. Zamora, G.R. No. 138570, October 10, 2000- Gonzales v. Narvasa, G.R. No. 140835, August 14, 20003. Question must be raised at the earliest possible opportunity4. Constitutional question must the very "lis mota" of the caseDoctrine of Purposeful Hesitation- Drilon v. Lim, GR 112497, Aug. 4, 1994Functions of Judicial ReviewEffects of Declaration of UnconstitutionalityDoctrine of Operative Fact- Republic v. CA, GR 79732, Nov. 8, 1993CONCEPT OF STATE1. PeopleCitizenshipDistinguished from nationalityModes of Acquiring citizenshipCitizens of the Philippines- Moy Ya Lim Yao v. Commissioner of Immigration, 41 SCRA292- Djumantan v. Domingo, Jan. 30, 1995Election of Philippine citizenship- In re: Vicente Ching, Bar Matter No. 914, October 1, 1999Doctrine of implied election- Co v. HRET, G.R. No. 92191-92, July 30, 1991Natural-born citizens- Bengson v. HRET, G.R. No. 142840, May 7, 2001- Tecson v. Comelec, G.R. No. 161434, March 3, 2004Dual citizenship & dual allegiance- Mercado v. Manzano, GR 135083, May 26, 1999Res judicata in citizenship casesDoctrine of Indelible AllegianceNaturalization- Republic v. De la Rosa, 232 SCRA 785Loss of citizenship- By naturalization in a foreign country- Frivaldo v. Comelec, 174 SCRA 245- Labo v. Comelec, 176 SCRA 1- By express renunciation or expatriation- Yu v. Defensor-Santiago, 169 SCRA 364Reacquisition of citizenship, RA 8171Retroactivity of Repatriation- Frivaldo v. Comelec, 257 SCRA 727, June 28, 1996Suffrage- Akbayan Youth v. Comelec, G.R. No. 147066, March 26,2001- Makalintal v. Comelec, GR 157013, July 10, 20032. TerritoryPhilippine Archipelago; Archipelago Doctrine; UN Convention onthe Law of the Sea3. GovernmentFunctionsConstituent vs. Ministrant

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