Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
A Technical Note on Drill Step Testers, Wireline Formation Testers and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

A Technical Note on Drill Step Testers, Wireline Formation Testers and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Ratings: (0)|Views: 170 |Likes:
A Technical Note on Drill Step Testers, Wireline Formation Testers and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
A Technical Note on Drill Step Testers, Wireline Formation Testers and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Deji 'Allen Walker' Olapo on Sep 04, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/11/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Formation Evaluation by Tomisin Olapo Page 1
DRILL STEM TESTS
 
Formation Evaluation by Tomisin Olapo Page 2
DRILL STEM TESTS
1.0
 
INTRODUCTION:
A
drill stem test
(DST) is a procedure for isolating and testing the surroundinggeologicalformationthrough thedrill stem.The test is a measurement of pressure behavior at the drill stem and is a valuable way to obtain important sampling information on the formation fluidand to establish the probability of commercial production.Inoilandnatural gasextraction,the drill stem includes thedrill pipe,drill collars,bottomhole assembly,anddrill bit.During normal drilling,fluidis pumped through the drill stem and out the drill bit. In a drill stem test, the drill bit is removed, a drill stem test tool is added, and fluidfrom the formation is recovered through the drill stem, while several measurements of pressure are being made.The basic drill stem test tool consists of a packer or packers, valves or ports that may be openedand closed from the surface, and two or more pressure-recording devices. (A packer is anexpanding plug which can be used to seal off sections of the open or cased well, to isolate themfor testing. The drill stem test tool is lowered on the drill pipe to the zone to be tested. Thepacker or packers are set to isolate the zone from the drilling fluid column, the tester valve isopened, and testing begins.
1.1
BACKGROUND OF STUDY:
Working in El Dorado, Arkansas, in the 1920s, E.C. Johnston and his brother M.O. Johnstondeveloped the first drill stem tester and ran the first commercial drill stem test in 1926. In April1929, the Johnston Formation Testing Corporation was granted a patent (U.S. Patent 1,709,940)and they subsequently refined the testing system in the early 1930s.In the 1950s,Schlumbergerintroduced a method for testing formations usingwireline.The Schlumberger formation-testing tool, placed in operation in 1953, fired a shaped chargethrough a rubber pad that had been expanded in the hole until it was securely fixed in the holeat the depth required. Formation fluids flowed through the perforation and connecting tubinginto a container housed inside the tool. When filled, the container was closed, sealing the fluidsample at the formation pressure. The tool was then brought to the surface, where the samplecould be examined. In 1956, Schlumberger acquired Johnston Testers and continues to performdrill stem tests and wireline formation tests in both open and cased holes.
 
Formation Evaluation by Tomisin Olapo Page 3
1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
To give an overview on the working principles of Drill Stem Tests and its application to drilling,well testing and reservoir optimization.
1.3 WHY DRILL STEM TESTS?
 
Drill Stem Tests is used primarily to determine the fluids present in a particularformation and the rate at which they are produced.
 
A temporary well completion to gather information on the potential productivity of aformation
 
Despite the tremendous value of core analysis and well logging some doubt alwaysremains concerning the potential productivity of an exploratory well
WE NEED TO KNOW:
 
if there is a reservoir?
 
what does it contain?
 
at what rate will it produce?
 
for how long?
 
what facilities will be required and when?
 
what hazards are there?

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->