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Table Of Contents

Preface
Spelling Issues
FREQUENTLY MISPELLED WORDS
SPELLING VARIATIONS
FREQUENTLY CONFUSED HOMONYMS
HYPHENATION
Vocabulary Quirks and Challenges
FREQUENTLY MISUSED WORDS
PLURAL FORMATIONS
NEGATIVE FORMATIONS
Using Type Style for Effect
USES OF CAPITALIZATION
USES OF ITALIC TYPE
USES OF BOLDFACE TYPE
Basic Sentence Structure
SUBJECT AND PREDICATE
INDEPENDENT AND DEPENDENT CLAUSES
PHRASES
SENTENCE FRAGMENTS
SEPARATING THE MAIN ELEMENTS OF A SENTENCE
SEPARATING ELEMENTS IN A SERIES
SETTING OFF DIALOGUE AND QUOTATIONS
INDICATING OMITTED WORDS
OTHER USES OF THE COMMA
SEPARATING ELEMENTS
LINKING ELEMENTS
INTRODUCING WHAT FOLLOWS
ADDING EMPHASIS
OTHER USES OF THE COLON
COLON OR SEMICOLON?
• Ending a sentence
ENDING A SENTENCE
INDICATING ABBREVIATIONS
OTHER USES OF THE PERIOD
INDICATING QUERIES
INDICATING RHETORICAL QUESTIONS
INDICATING REQUESTS
INDICATING UNCERTAINTY
STYLE CONVENTIONS
INDICATING IMPORTANCE OR EMOTION
CAPTURING ATTENTION
CAUTIONS ABOUT THE EXCLAMATION POINT
INDICATING WORD BREAKS
LINKING THE PARTS OF A COMPOUND ADJECTIVE
ACTING AS A STAND-IN FOR A REPEATED WORD
INDICATING INTONATIONS AND PRONUNCIATIONS
INDICATING “AND” OR “OR” RELATIONSHIPS
INDICATING OTHER RELATIONSHIPS
SEPARATING LINES OF POETRY
WORKING IN DIGRESSIONS
MAKING COMPLEX TEXT EASIER TO FOLLOW
SETTING OFF DETAILS
LINKING RANGES
LINKING WORDS
MARKING OFF AN IMPORTANT POINT OR A DIGRESSION
MARKING A BREAK IN STRUCTURE OR TURN IN CONTENT
INDICATING INTERRUPTED OR SCATTERED SPEECH
IDENTIFYING CHANGES TO QUOTED MATERIAL
ENCLOSING DIGRESSIONS WITHIN PARENTHESES
OTHER USES OF BRACKETS
SETTING OFF DIALOGUE
SETTING OFF CITATIONS
SETTING OFF TITLES
INDICATING OMISSIONS
INDICATING HESITANT OR TRAILING SPEECH
INDICATING POSSESSIVES
INDICATING PLURALS
Agreement Between Subject and Verb
THE SUBJECT, THE WHOLE SUBJECT, AND NOTHING BUT THE SUBJECT
FOREST OR TREES?
Parallel Structure
Positioning of Modifiers
Tense and Mood
PRESENT TENSES
PAST TENSES
CONDITIONALS
Pronouns
DETERMINING THE RIGHT PRONOUN
REFERRING TO THE RIGHT ANTECEDENT
AGREEMENT BETWEEN PRONOUN AND ANTECEDENT
CHOOSING A PRONOUN
Active Versus Passive Voice
USES OF THE ACTIVE VOICE
USES OF THE PASSIVE VOICE
Grammar Grab-bag: Miscellaneous Problem Areas
ADVERB-ADJECTIVE DISTINCTION
INTRANSITIVE AND TRANSITIVE VERBS
ENDING WITH A PREPOSITION
Clarity
SENTENCE BREAKS
SENTENCE ORDER
CONCISENESS
READING LEVEL
Tone
SENTENCE LENGTH
WORD CHOICES
WORD VARIATION
EFFECTIVE REPETITION
AVOIDANCE OF BIAS
ACCENTS AND SPEECH PATTERNS
JARGON
WHEN LESS IS MORE: THE ART OF SUBTLETY
Suggestions for Self-Improvement
Credits
Index
P. 1
Grammatically Correct: The Essential Guide to Spelling, Style, Usage, Grammar, and Punctuation

Grammatically Correct: The Essential Guide to Spelling, Style, Usage, Grammar, and Punctuation

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Published by FW Media, Inc.
How does good writing stand out? If its purpose is to convey facts, findings, or instructions, it need be read only once for its content to be clear. If its purpose is to entertain or to provoke thought, it makes readers want to come back for more. Revised and updated, this guide covers four essential aspects of good writing: Individual words—spelling variations, hyphenation, frequently confused homonyms, frequently misused words and phrases, irregular plurals and negatives, and uses of capitalization and type style to add special meanings Punctuation—the role of each mark in achieving clarity and affecting tone, and demonstration of how misuses can lead to ambiguity Syntax and structure—agreement of subject and verb, parallel construction, modifiers, tenses, pronouns, active versus passive voice, and more Style—advice on the less hard-and-fast areas of clarity and tone, including sentence length and order, conciseness, simplification, reading level, jargon and clichés, and subtlety Filled with self-test exercises and whimsical literary quotations, Grammatically Correct steers clear of academic stuffiness, focusing instead on practical strategies and intuitive explanations. Discussions are designed to get to the heart of a concept and provide a sufficient sense of when and how to use it, along with examples that show what ambiguities or misinterpretations might result if the rules are not followed. In cases where there is more than one acceptable way to do something, the approach is not to prescribe one over another but simply to describe the options. Readers of this book will never break the rules of language again—unintentionally.
How does good writing stand out? If its purpose is to convey facts, findings, or instructions, it need be read only once for its content to be clear. If its purpose is to entertain or to provoke thought, it makes readers want to come back for more. Revised and updated, this guide covers four essential aspects of good writing: Individual words—spelling variations, hyphenation, frequently confused homonyms, frequently misused words and phrases, irregular plurals and negatives, and uses of capitalization and type style to add special meanings Punctuation—the role of each mark in achieving clarity and affecting tone, and demonstration of how misuses can lead to ambiguity Syntax and structure—agreement of subject and verb, parallel construction, modifiers, tenses, pronouns, active versus passive voice, and more Style—advice on the less hard-and-fast areas of clarity and tone, including sentence length and order, conciseness, simplification, reading level, jargon and clichés, and subtlety Filled with self-test exercises and whimsical literary quotations, Grammatically Correct steers clear of academic stuffiness, focusing instead on practical strategies and intuitive explanations. Discussions are designed to get to the heart of a concept and provide a sufficient sense of when and how to use it, along with examples that show what ambiguities or misinterpretations might result if the rules are not followed. In cases where there is more than one acceptable way to do something, the approach is not to prescribe one over another but simply to describe the options. Readers of this book will never break the rules of language again—unintentionally.

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Publish date: Jun 9, 2010
Added to Scribd: Sep 05, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781599631608
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