Proceedings of 16th Annual conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria Kogi 2011
MATERIALS AND METHODS
150 three weeks duckling made up of (63 males and 87 females) were evaluated using 8morphological traits, body weight , body length , breast circumference, thigh length , shank length ,foot length , total leg length and wing length .four principal indices( massiveness,stockiness, long leggedness and condition index) were calculated at 3, 5, 10 15 and 20 weeksrespectively using descriptive factor analysis.
The ducklings were sex, wing band and rearedseparately in a deep litter pens. They were fed on a grower marsh formulated at 20% CP and2880kcal/.kg . They are allowed access to green vegetation through a walk way attached to each pen.Water was supplied ad libitum .
The principal indexes were calculated as outlined by Fox et al. (1992) and Oblakova (2007).Stockiness index= breast circumferenceBody length x 100Massiveness index= live weight x100Body lengthLong leggedness index= total leg length x100Body lengthCondition index = live weight x100Wing length
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Sex –influence(P<0.05) differences were observed in almost all traits from 3 to 20 weeksTable 1. with superior values recorded for male as reported earlier (Baeza et al 2001,Teguiaet al 2007 and Ogah et al 2009).the values obtained from this study are lower compared tothose in literatures, and the lower values has to do with the non selection and continuousinbreeding characteristics of tropical animal breeds. In both sexes body measurements thatshows the most intensive increase at 15 weeks in male were breast circumference 95%, bodylength 92% and wing length 82% while in female breast circumference 85% and body length76%..growth intensity was highest between 5 to 15 weeks of age, breast circumference forman important parameter for meatiness in muscovy duck.Table 2 . presents body configuration from evaluation of the body indexes, (stockiness,massiveness , condition index and long legged ness). The most important index for meatinessmassiveness and stockiness were highest at between 10 to 15 weeks of age in both traits.