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Assessment of Weight Development and Body Configuration of Indigenous Muscovy

Assessment of Weight Development and Body Configuration of Indigenous Muscovy

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Published by Moses Ogah

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Moses Ogah on Sep 05, 2012
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Proceedings of 16th Annual conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria Kogi 2011
Ogah D M
.,N. D. Yusuf 
and S. I. Daikwo
College of Agriculture pmb 33 Lafia, Nasarawa state, Nigeria
Animal science department ,faculty of agriculture Kogi state university Anyigba
The objective the study was to evaluate performance traits using body weight, morphometrictraits and some principal indexes at various ages that will aid in developing broiler typeduck. 150 ducklings of both sexes were evaluated for increase body performance andconfiguration indexes between 3 to 20 weeks of age. Sex differences P<0.05 was evidentfrom week 3 to 20 in favour of the male. Female duck attained peak performance inmeatiness earlier than the male at 10 weeks and 15 weeks respectively. Body weight, bodylength and breast area were identify as major factor in meatiness determination in muscovyduck. It provided an insight to the development of weight and broiler type duck 
Key words
: Weight development, muscovy duck, morphometric traits, indexes, growth
Indigenous muscovy duck in Nigeria have remain largely unselected, it has a potential forprovision of egg , meat and income to particularly the rural poor. Body weight is one of themost important selection traits both at sex differentiation and meat production (Leclerq 1990and Baeza et al., 1999). In selection relationship between traits form the basis for predictionand improvement. Oblakova (2007) uses live weight development and some quantitativeexterior traits to determine body conformation in accessing improvement and meat qualitytraits in selected turkey males. An attempt was carried out to characterise meat productiontraits using body weight at various ages, body measurements and some morphologicalindices such as massiveness, stockiness, long leggedness and condition index usingducklings from some selected sire and dam to investigate meat relate trait so as to developbroiler strains .
Proceedings of 16th Annual conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria Kogi 2011
150 three weeks duckling made up of (63 males and 87 females) were evaluated using 8morphological traits, body weight , body length , breast circumference, thigh length , shank length ,foot length , total leg length and wing length .four principal indices( massiveness,stockiness, long leggedness and condition index) were calculated at 3, 5, 10 15 and 20 weeksrespectively using descriptive factor analysis.
The ducklings were sex, wing band and rearedseparately in a deep litter pens. They were fed on a grower marsh formulated at 20% CP and2880kcal/.kg . They are allowed access to green vegetation through a walk way attached to each pen.Water was supplied ad libitum .
The principal indexes were calculated as outlined by Fox et al. (1992) and Oblakova (2007).Stockiness index= breast circumferenceBody length x 100Massiveness index= live weight x100Body lengthLong leggedness index= total leg length x100Body lengthCondition index = live weight x100Wing length
Sex –influence(P<0.05) differences were observed in almost all traits from 3 to 20 weeksTable 1. with superior values recorded for male as reported earlier (Baeza et al 2001,Teguiaet al 2007 and Ogah et al 2009).the values obtained from this study are lower compared tothose in literatures, and the lower values has to do with the non selection and continuousinbreeding characteristics of tropical animal breeds. In both sexes body measurements thatshows the most intensive increase at 15 weeks in male were breast circumference 95%, bodylength 92% and wing length 82% while in female breast circumference 85% and body length76%..growth intensity was highest between 5 to 15 weeks of age, breast circumference forman important parameter for meatiness in muscovy duck.Table 2 . presents body configuration from evaluation of the body indexes, (stockiness,massiveness , condition index and long legged ness). The most important index for meatinessmassiveness and stockiness were highest at between 10 to 15 weeks of age in both traits.
Proceedings of 16th Annual conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria Kogi 2011
Massiveness was at peak for the male at 15 week of age 6484.49 and decreases with agewhile for the female week 10 4415 .33 and also decreases with age indicating that femalecan be selected earlier for meatiness than male. Body weight , body length and breast areahave largely form the parameters for measuring the principal index as outline by Fox et al.(1992) and Oblakova (2007), making them an effective tools for developing selection indexfor improvement of a random population that have remain unselected like the indigenousmuscovy duck in Nigeria.
The present study will help one to make some principal conclusions about the growth anddevelopment of ducklings from indigenous stock on the basis of the live body weight and theexterior traits that intensive growth is mostly between 5 to 15 weeks of age and that increasein body part is regular with age ,with the meatiness indexes (stockiness and massiveness )increases due to development of breast circumference and body weight which are theprincipal productive traits.
Baeza E, Marche G and Wacrenier N. 1999. Effect of sex on muscular development of muscovy ducks. Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 39:675-682.Fox A D.,King R and Watkin J. 1992.Seasonal variation in weight , body measurementandcondition of free living Teal. Bird study 31:53-62.Leclercq, B., 1990. Croissance et composition corporelle du canard de Barbarie. In :LeCanard de Barbarie (Sauveur B. et de Carville H., Ed.). Institut National de la RechercheAgronomique, Paris : 23–29
Oblakova M. 2007. Weight development and body configuration of turkey broiler parent Big5.Trakia J Science 5(1)28-32Ogah D. M , A. A .Alaga and Momoh O. M. 2009. Principal component factor analysis of themorphostructural traits of muscovy duck. Inter. J. Poult. Sc.8(11)1100-1103.
Teguia A, Ngondjou H. M., Defang H. and Tchoumbone J. ,2007. Studies of the live bodyweight and body characteristics of the African Muscovy duck. Trop. Animal Health andProd. 40:5-10

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