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Table Of Contents

What Is an Electric Kiln?
The Special Character of the Electric Kiln
The Kiln Atmosphere and Its Influence on the Look of the Work
Visual Texture
A Note on Reduction in the Electric Kiln
Firing Temperatures
Clay Bodies
Clays
Clays Used in Clay Bodies
Nonclay Materials Used in Clay Bodies
Visual Character
Flashing
Body Color
Durability
Characteristics of Low-,Mid-,and High-Fire Clay Bodies
Low-Fire Bodies (Cone 06 to 02)
Mid-Fire Bodies (Cone 01 to 7)
High-Fire Bodies (Cone 8 and Above)
Clay Body Types
Low-Fire Clay Bodies (Cone 06 to 2)
Mid-Fire Bodies (Cone 3 to 7)
High-Fire Bodies (Cone 8 to 10)
Special Purpose Clay Body Types
Mixing Clay Bodies In the Studio
Mixing Small to Medium Lots (500 to 20,000 Grams)
Commercially Prepared Clay Bodies
Choosing an Appropriate Clay Body
Forming Methods
Firing Temperature
Body Color and Texture
Character and Purpose of the Pieces
Materials Substitutions
Testing Commercially Prepared Clay Bodies
Working Character Test
Absorption Test
Shrinkage Test
Slumping and Warping Test
Unadorned Clay Surfaces
Stained Surfaces
Materials for Creating Stained Surfaces
Stained Surface Applications
Terra Sigillatas
Making Terra Sigillatas
Testing the Sigillata
Using Terra Sigillatas
Slips and Engobes
Applying Slips and Engobes
Shrinkage in Slips and Engobes
Calcining Clay for Slips and Engobes
Exploiting Cracking and Flaking
Gritty Slips
Slip Glazes (Vitreous Slips) and Vitreous Engobes
Glaze Surfaces
Glaze Makeup
Glaze Character
Character of Glazes Fired in Electric Kilns
Creating Glaze Imagery
Glaze Color in Electric Kilns
Using Clay to Color Glaze
Glaze Colorants
Commercially Prepared Stains
Using Stains
Categorizing Glaze Types
Classifying Glaze by Significant Ingredients
Classifying Glaze by Appearance
Visually Textured Glazes
Rough Surfaced,Curdled Glazes
Smooth Surfaced (Industrial) Glazes
Shiny,Matte,and Dry Surfaces
Low Viscosity Glazes
Crystal Glazes
Classifying Glaze by Intended Use or Purpose
Low-Fire Glazes
Mid-Fire Glazes
High-Fire Glazes
Richard Hirsch – Thoughts on the Low Fire in the Electric Kiln
Unstable Glazes
Crawling
Crazing
Running
Shivering
Sedimenting
Evaluating Glaze Recipes for the Electric Fire
Glaze Attributes
Suitability of Task
Testing Glazes
Testing Commercially Prepared Glazes
Testing Glazes Made in the Studio
Studio Prepared Glazes
The Learning Process
Developing Glaze Recipes for the Electric Fire
Commercially Prepared Low-Fire Surfaces
Commercially Prepared Glaze Types
Applying Prepared Glazes
Applying Commercially Prepared Underglazes
Applying Painterly Matte Surfaces
Richard Zakin – My Work with Low-Fire Unglazed Painterly Matte Surfaces
Applying Overglazes
Firing Prepared Surfaces
Toxicity
Commercially Prepared Mid-Fire Glazes (Cone 5 or 6)
Mid-Fire Glaze Character
Mid-Fire Glaze Types
Mixing Commercially Prepared and Studio- Made Glazes
Creating Imagery in Clay
Sprigging
Carved Imagery
Press-Molded Imagery
Combining Sprigged,Stamped, and Engraved Imagery
Combining Manipulated Surfaces with a Glaze
Applying Studio-Made Surfaces
Dipping
Pouring
Brushing
Spraying
Masking and Resist Materials
Slip-Trailing or Tracing
Maren Kloppmann
Maren Kloppmann
Application Types
Simple Glaze Applications
Complex Glaze Application Strategies
Testing a Complex Glaze Application
Application Strategies for Commercial Low-Fire Glazes
Testing Image Creation Strategies
The Work of Peter Beard – Resist Strategies
Drawn and Painted Imagery
Interview with Paul Lewing
Sculpture
Installations
Vessels
Tiles
Susan Tunick
Aurore Chabot
Explorations of the Character of the Materials
Firing – Basic Concepts
The Bisque Fire
Controlling Heat Rise
Preparing for the Bisque Fire
Preparing for the Glaze Fire
Loading the Electric Kiln
Kiln Furniture
Kiln Wadding
Kiln Wash
Preparing the Kiln for Loading
Choosing and Building the Kiln Shelf Structure
Pyrometric Cones
Cone Packs
Sighting and Placing the Cone Pack
Firing Choices for the Electric Kiln
The Firing Range
The Pace of Firing
Firing Down
Crack Formation
The Bisque Firing
The Final Firing
Cooling the Kiln by Firing Down
Taking the Ware from the Kiln
Heat Work: Measurement and Control
Ceramic Cones
Automating the Firing Process
Kiln Sitters
A Kiln Sitter
Computer Controlled Devices
Controlling the Firing with Pyrometers
Design and Construction
Overall Design
Electrical Components
Structure
Purchasing an Electric Kiln
Choosing Front-Loading or Top-Loading
Characteristics Shared by Electric Kilns
Electric Service – Voltage and Phase
Kiln Maintenance and Repair
Repairing a Sagging Element
Cleaning the Elements
Replacing Broken Elements
Switches
Kiln Roof
Kiln Floor
Kiln Wall
Wiring
When the Kiln Must Be Discarded
Small Test Kilns
What to Look for in a Test Kiln
Firing the Test Kiln
Placing the Test Kiln
Uses for the Test Kiln
Early Efforts
The 1930s
After World War II
Clay Body Recipes
Slip and Engobe Recipes
Glaze Recipes
Materials for Making Glazes and Clay Bodies
Materials Availability
Outside North America
Glossary
Index
P. 1
Electric Kiln Ceramics; A Guide to Clays and Glazes

Electric Kiln Ceramics; A Guide to Clays and Glazes

Ratings: (0)|Views: 3,560|Likes:
Published by FW Media, Inc.
Get the Best Results From Your Electric KilnElectric kilns offer the ceramist safety, convenience, and reliability and have gained tremendous popularity among a wide range of ceramists.In this third edition of Electric Kiln Ceramics, noted ceramist and teacher Richard Zakin provides information to help you make the best possibly use of your electric kiln.Beginning with an introduction to electric kilns and the various clays and glazes best suited to their use, the book addresses all aspects of using these kilns, including appropriate ceramic surfaces, imagery creation strategies, loading and firing, and safety practices.Dozens of clay body and glazy recipes formulated specifically for use in electric kilnsStep-by-step photos and directions for several processes, including clay mixing, glazy testing, sprigging and stampingExtensive information on the structure of the electric kiln, how to maintain it, and how to purchase the kiln that's right for youEssays and interviews with noted ceramists who fire in electric kilns
Get the Best Results From Your Electric KilnElectric kilns offer the ceramist safety, convenience, and reliability and have gained tremendous popularity among a wide range of ceramists.In this third edition of Electric Kiln Ceramics, noted ceramist and teacher Richard Zakin provides information to help you make the best possibly use of your electric kiln.Beginning with an introduction to electric kilns and the various clays and glazes best suited to their use, the book addresses all aspects of using these kilns, including appropriate ceramic surfaces, imagery creation strategies, loading and firing, and safety practices.Dozens of clay body and glazy recipes formulated specifically for use in electric kilnsStep-by-step photos and directions for several processes, including clay mixing, glazy testing, sprigging and stampingExtensive information on the structure of the electric kiln, how to maintain it, and how to purchase the kiln that's right for youEssays and interviews with noted ceramists who fire in electric kilns

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Publish date: Jan 15, 2011
Added to Scribd: Sep 05, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781440222597
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