The aim of this practical is to show two DC machines connected in a Ward Leonard System configuration(connected back to back) can be used to control power flow by adjusting the field winding currents.
3 X Multimeters
2 X DC machine coupled with and induction machine
2 X Tachometers
3 Phase power supply
Whenever the DC machine has to be turned off firstly precaution must be noted that the powersupply voltage has been reduced to the 0V point otherwise the machines will runaway.2.
For the second part of the experiment where the two machines have to be synchronized,caution must be exercised to ensure that the two machines are connected correctly. The cableused to draw power from the 3 phase supply on one machine has to match the connectionsmade on the other machine i.e when the live terminal of the supply is connected to the terminalV1 on one of the machines that connection has to match even on the other machines otherwisethis will cause the two machines to rotate in opposite direction resulting in disaster.3.
Precaution should be taken when working around the machine whilst it is operating , makesure that you do not have any loose things on you that can be caught on the rotating shaft asthese will cause the shaft to catch onto these and draw you into the machine and hurting you inthe process.4.
Make sure that all connecting wires have no broken or burnt insulation as these will cause firesor electric shock.5.
Ensure that in the short circuit test the current passing through the armature does not exceed10A.6.
For the Ward Leonard System test ensure that both machines are switched on at the same timeat the 3 phase power source.