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Stig b Ilaga

Stig b Ilaga

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Published by Yashpal Choudhary

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Published by: Yashpal Choudhary on Sep 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/05/2012

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Steam injected gas turbine
1
Steam injected gas turbine: Principle
-
The main principle is that the steam used for injection is produced from fresh water in aHRSG by cooling the hot exhaust gases from the gas turbine.
-
The steam is then supplied before or in the combustion chamber or at the turbine inlet.If it is an industrial gas turbine, some steam is also brought to an industrial process.
-
The flue gases and steam expand in the turbine and thereafter heat new water.
-
The steam/flue gas mix is then transported to the stack.
-
Possibly flue gas condensing can be used in order to recover some of the water fromthe flue gases and to produce district heating.
AirFuelSteamCleanwaterStackTo processCompressorGeneratorTurbineHeat Recovery SteamGeneratorCombustor
1.
2.3.4.5.6.7.8.Make-upwaterFromprocessPumpWaterpurification9.10.11.
 
Efficiency calculations
Electrical efficiency (pumpwork can be neglected)
 fuelGT GT 
QP
&
=
η 
 
 
2Thermal efficiency including process heat (pump work can be neglected):
Process 1-2:
Air enters the compressor and is pressurised.Compressor power input
( )
12
hhmP
air 
=
&
 Process 2-3:
Combustion with compressed air and high-pressure steam up to turbine inlettemperatureFuel supplied
i fuel fuel
mQ
=
&&
 The fuel flow of the gas turbine with steam injection can be calculated with a heat balanceover the combustion chamber. Steam is introduced in the combustion chamber, but will nottake any active part in the combustion process.To calculate the fuel flow, a heat balance over the combustion chamber can be made.
Energy in = Energy out
Æ
 
m
air 
* h
2, AIR
+ m
fuel
* LHV +
m
steam
* h
ST,11
= (m
air 
+ m
fuel
) * h
3, GAS
+
m
steam
* h
ST,3
 
 As the steam is not taking active part into the combustion, the gas flow and steam flowscan be treated separately as above. The enthalpy in point 3 considers the enthalpy for fluegas WITHOUT the steam, i.e. same enthalpy expression as for the simple gas turbine:h
3, GAS
= h
3, AIR
+ x*DH
3
 
where x =
 β  β 
++=
1)1(
 x
 Obs! As more fuel has to be added in the steam-injected gas turbine compared to a simplegas turbine to keep the turbine inlet temperature, the gas content x will be higher in thesteam-injected gas turbine and thus the gas enthalpy (without steam) in 3. As the steam flow is very small compared to the airflow, the pressure increase in thecombustion chamber can be neglected when steam is injected. The compressor determines the pressure in the combustion chamber Solving for 
β
,
 fuel procGT th
QQP
&&
+=
η 

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