EnvironmEntal ChangE and SECurity program
inormation on elephant poaching and security
ritorial problems are unlikely to be “solved by piling up historical arguments based on inter
asserts that a “new approach needs to unsettlenationalist thinking, and deuse historical griev
ances” as well as oer a “orm o political com
promise over the sovereignty issue” (p. 269).In act, it would be irrelevant which country isormally designated the “owner” o the islands,
the other’s cooperation.For international peace parks to be eec
measures pose, or example, a defnite threatto international peace parks straddling the bor
ders between the United States and Canada or Mexico, in spite o a long history o coop
eration between the countries. In less avorablesituations, such as the proposed peace park on
Fuller, the critical security situation poses analmost insurmountable obstacle.
ties, a lie o their own independent romthe policies o the respective countries. In
side are oten linked by kinship and mar
riage, as well as by local trade and culture.
ate vicinity o the border are usually very uid.
requently share common underdevelopment
tional peace parks must not impose externally designed processes on local stakeholders.
assessesexisting international peace parks by identiy
ing their impacts and attempting to separate
peace parks is not automatic, because it implies a purpose and an impact that are not always pres
peace parks represent the “conuence o severalmutually reinorcing interests, namely thoseo biodiversity conservation, economic devel
opment, cultural integrity, and regional peaceand security,” integral assessment tools—such
Spenceley and Michael Schoon, illustrates thedifculty o assessing the eectiveness o suchcomplex initiatives in economic, environmen
tal, and equity terms.Chapter authors attribute many positiveimpacts to existing peace parks, including:
Improving the eectiveness o biodiversity conservation in protected areas;
Symbolizing ongoing cooperation (which, I
on many other issues, such as transportation,mail, or the electric grid);
Changing the symbolic meaning o a border
Several o the authors also identiy negative
conservation eorts can create conicts, so caninternational peace parks. In addition to exacer
bating political inequalities between local com
munities and state actors, international peaceparks can emphasize disparities between coun
security threat posed by criminals who fnd the