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Know Your Rights When Encountering Law Enforcement [English] - ACLU

Know Your Rights When Encountering Law Enforcement [English] - ACLU

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Published by CopBlock
This document was published by the ACLU at http://www.aclu.org/national-security/know-your-rights-when-encountering-law-enforcement

It is shared here on http://scribd.com/copblock in the hopes that it will help individuals better safeguard their rights.

From http://copblock.org/about

Cop Block is a decentralized project supported by a diverse group of individuals united by their shared goal of police accountability.

We highlight the double standard that some grant to those with badges by pointing to and supporting those harmed. By documenting police actions whether they are illegal, immoral or just a waste of time and resources then putting direct pressure on the individuals responsible (ideally while recording and then later sharing), we can work together to bring about transparency and have a real impact.

CopBlock.org is a resource for the education of individual rights through the dissemination of different viewpoints and tactics that seek to curtail the all-too-common rights-violations and unaccountability that today exists.

We do not “hate cops.” We believe that no one – not even those with badges – has extra rights. The failure to realize and act on that is to our detriment. By focusing the disinfecting light of transparency on public officials we safeguard not just our rights but those of future generations.

http://copblock.org
http://twitter.com/copblock
http://facebook.com/copblock
http://youtube.com/thecopblock

Send us feedback via copblock.org/contact
Share your write-up via copblock.org/submit
Ask questions about Copblocking via copblock.org/ask
This document was published by the ACLU at http://www.aclu.org/national-security/know-your-rights-when-encountering-law-enforcement

It is shared here on http://scribd.com/copblock in the hopes that it will help individuals better safeguard their rights.

From http://copblock.org/about

Cop Block is a decentralized project supported by a diverse group of individuals united by their shared goal of police accountability.

We highlight the double standard that some grant to those with badges by pointing to and supporting those harmed. By documenting police actions whether they are illegal, immoral or just a waste of time and resources then putting direct pressure on the individuals responsible (ideally while recording and then later sharing), we can work together to bring about transparency and have a real impact.

CopBlock.org is a resource for the education of individual rights through the dissemination of different viewpoints and tactics that seek to curtail the all-too-common rights-violations and unaccountability that today exists.

We do not “hate cops.” We believe that no one – not even those with badges – has extra rights. The failure to realize and act on that is to our detriment. By focusing the disinfecting light of transparency on public officials we safeguard not just our rights but those of future generations.

http://copblock.org
http://twitter.com/copblock
http://facebook.com/copblock
http://youtube.com/thecopblock

Send us feedback via copblock.org/contact
Share your write-up via copblock.org/submit
Ask questions about Copblocking via copblock.org/ask

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Published by: CopBlock on Sep 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/05/2014

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KNOW
YOUR
RIGHTS
WHEN ENCOUNTERINGLAW ENFORCEMENT
 
KNOWYOURRIGHTS
 
KNOW
YOUR
RI
 
GHTS
WHEN ENCOUNTERINGLAW ENFORCEMENT
This booklet addresses what rights you have when you arestopped, questioned, arrested, or searched by law enforce-ment officers. This booklet is for citizens and non-citizenswith extra information for non-citizens in a separate sec-tion. Another section covers what can happen to you at air-ports and other points of entry into the United States. Thelast section discusses concerns you may have related toyour charitable contributions and religious or politicalbeliefs.This booklet tells you about your basic rights. It is not asubstitute for legal advice. You should contact an attorneyif you have been arrested or believe that your rights havebeen violated.
     K     N     O     W     Y     O     U     R     R     I     G     H     T     S
 
     K     N     O     W     Y     O     U     R     R     I     G     H     T     S
I. QUESTIONING
Q:What kind oflaw enforcement officers might try toquestion me?A:
You could be questioned by a variety of law enforcementofficers, including state or local police officers, Joint TerrorismTask Force members, or federal agents from the FBI,Department of Homeland Security (which includesImmigration and Customs Enforcement and the BorderPatrol), Drug Enforcement Administration, Naval CriminalInvestigative Service, or other agencies.
Q:
Do I have to answer questions asked by lawenforcement officers?
A:
No. You have the constitutional right to remain silent. Ingeneral, you do not have to talk to law enforcement officers (oranyone else), even if you do not feel free to walk away from theofficer, you are arrested, or you are in jail. You cannot be pun-ished for refusing to answer a question. It is a good idea totalk to a lawyer before agreeing to answer questions. In gen-eral, only a judge can order you to answer questions. (Non-cit-izens should see Section IV for more information on this topic.)
Q:Are there any exceptions to the general rule that I donot have to answer questions?A:
Yes, there are two limited exceptions. First, in some states,you must provide your name to law enforcement officers if youare stopped and told to identify yourself. But even if you giveyour name, you are not required to answer other questions.Second, if you are driving and you are pulled over for a trafficviolation, the officer can require you to show your license,vehicle registration and proof of insurance (but you do nothave to answer questions). (Non-citizens should see Section IVfor more information on this topic.)
Q:Can I talk to a lawyer before answering questions?A:
Yes. You have the constitutional right to talk to a lawyerbefore answering questions, whether or not the police tell youabout that right. The lawyer’s job is to protect your rights.Once you say that you want to talk to a lawyer, officers shouldstop asking you questions. If they continue to ask questions,you still have the right to remain silent. If you do not have alawyer, you may still tell the officer you want to speak to one

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