This research attempts to approach the current structure of an emerging Mexican regionalpolicy, understanding its origins and the poor efforts for its development i.e., a regionalpolicy that is hardly marked by an urban vision. In Mexico, urbanization processes andregional policies are strongly linked, to a great extent as a result of the growth strategiesfollowed since 1960, beginning with a protectionist policy during which the Mexican economyenjoyed certain prosperity reflected in the high rates of GDP growth. The protectionist modelwas considered depleted by early 1980’s, with the beginning of a Mexican economic crisisthat lasted the whole decade, and whose causes were surely internal, but some internationalconstraints also contributed to the decline of growth. This is one of the worst decadesin economic growth in Mexico of the twentieth century. In the 1990’s, looking for a model toassist the economic recovery, came the abrupt economic liberalization and privatizationprocesses. Despite the dramatic changes in growth strategies, the regional inequalities inMexico have been a constant, which during the protectionist policy era tendedto decrease and for the liberalization era have tended to increase until today. Herein areexposed the Mexican regional policy strengths and weaknesses, showing that currently,regions in Mexico and their development have not had a major weight in the national policyagenda. Extreme poverty and unequal income concentration are topics that need to betackled and a strong regional policy could bring potential benefits to this purpose.*12,000 words.