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THESIS. Regional Development Policies in Mexico

THESIS. Regional Development Policies in Mexico

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Published by: Everest Landa on Sep 06, 2012
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Regional development imbalances inMexico; is there a real and pragmaticregional development strategy?
 Author: Cynthia Verónica Arredondo CabreraDate: 23 July, 2012Name of the Program:Master's in International and Development EconomicsFirst supervisor: Prof. Dr. Ulrich G. WurzelSecond supervisor: Dipl.-Vw. Dipl.-Geogr. Lech Suwala
 
 
Table of contents
 Abstract 
1. Introduction ................................................................................................................... 12. The development context in Mexico. ............................................................................ 22.1. A country snapshot .............................................................................................. 22.2. Human Development Index of Mexico. ................................................................. 42.3. Evolution of the Mexican growth strategies (from 1960- 2000) ............................ 52.4. The Mexican state approach to regional development ........................................ 103. Regional policies: state of the art in the international context ................................... 113.1. Concepts fundamentals ...................................................................................... 113.2. The OECD perspective and the endogenous growth theory. ............................. 133.3. The European Union Regional Policy. ............................................................... 173.3.1. Cohesion Policy: objectives. ................................................................. 183.3.2. Cohesion Policy: three funds. ............................................................... 193.3.3. Regionalization of the European Union. ............................................... 204. Regional disparities in Mexico .................................................................................... 214.1. Causes of regional disparities ............................................................................. 214.1. Spatial disparities: some indexes. ....................................................................... 225. Mexican regional development policy ........................................................................ 335.1. Regional development policy. 2001- 2012. ........................................................ 335.2. Two National Development Plans. ..................................................................... 345.3. Mesoregions and trust funds. ............................................................................. 355.4. Regional Development Unit.. .............................................................................. 375.5. Program of Urban Development and Land Planning. ......................................... 396. Conclusions ................................................................................................................ 44Information sources. ............................................................................................................... 49 Appendix 1. Mexican states abbreviation ............................................................................... 56 Appendix 2. List of figures ...................................................................................................... 57
 
 
 Abstract 
This research attempts to approach the current structure of an emerging Mexican regionalpolicy, understanding its origins and the poor efforts for its development i.e., a regionalpolicy that is hardly marked by an urban vision. In Mexico, urbanization processes andregional policies are strongly linked, to a great extent as a result of the growth strategiesfollowed since 1960, beginning with a protectionist policy during which the Mexican economyenjoyed certain prosperity reflected in the high rates of GDP growth. The protectionist modelwas considered depleted by early 1980’s, with the beginning of a Mexican economic crisisthat lasted the whole decade, and whose causes were surely internal, but some internationalconstraints also contributed to the decline of growth. This is one of the worst decadesin economic growth in Mexico of the twentieth century. In the 1990’s, looking for a model toassist the economic recovery, came the abrupt economic liberalization and privatizationprocesses. Despite the dramatic changes in growth strategies, the regional inequalities inMexico have been a constant, which during the protectionist policy era tendedto decrease and for the liberalization era have tended to increase until today. Herein areexposed the Mexican regional policy strengths and weaknesses, showing that currently,regions in Mexico and their development have not had a major weight in the national policyagenda. Extreme poverty and unequal income concentration are topics that need to betackled and a strong regional policy could bring potential benefits to this purpose.*12,000 words.

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