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The Letters (Risala e Nur) Bediuzzaman Nursi

The Letters (Risala e Nur) Bediuzzaman Nursi

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Published by BTghazwa
The Letters (Risala e Nur) Bediuzzaman Nursi
The Letters (Risala e Nur) Bediuzzaman Nursi

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Published by: BTghazwa on Sep 06, 2012
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02/25/2013

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From the Risale-i Nur Collection
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi
1928-1932
LETTERS
 
Translated from the Turkish by Şükran Vahide
Letters / First Letter - p.21 
IN THE NAME OF GOD,THE MERCIFUL, THE COMPASSIONATE
And from Him do we seek help
The First Letter
 In His Name, be He glorified!
 
 And there is nothing but it glorifies Him with praise
.
1
 [This consists of the brief answers to four questions]
FIRST QUESTION
Is Hadhrat Khidr alive? If he is alive, why do some important religious scholars not accept this?
T h e A n s w e r :
He is alive, but there are five degrees of life. He is ____________________ 
1.Bediuzzaman explained the reason for heading his letters with this verse (Qur’an, 17:44) as follows: “This was thefirst door opened to me from the sacred treasuries of the All-Wise Qur’an. Of the Divine truths of the Qur’an, it wasthe truth of this verse that first became clear to me and it is this truth which pervades most parts of the Risale-i Nur.Another reason is that the masters in whom I have confidence used it at the head of their letters.” (See,
 Barla
 
 Lahikasi
, 179.) (Tr.)
 
Letters / First Letter - p.22 
at the second degree. It is because of this that some religious scholars have been doubtful about it.
The First Level of Life
is that of our life, which is very restricted.
The Second Level of Life
is that of the lives of Khidr and Ilyas (May God grant them peace),which is free to an extent. That is to say, they can be present in numerous places at the same time.They are not permanently restricted by the requirements of humanity like us. They can eat anddrink like us when they want to, but are not compelled to like we are. The saints are those whouncover and witness the realities of creation, and the reports of their adventures with Khidr areunanimous and elucidate and prove this level of life. There is even one degree of sainthood whichis called ‘the degree of Khidr.’ A saint who reaches this degree receives instruction from Khidr and meets with him. But sometimes the one at that degree is mistakenly thought to be Khidr himself.
The Third Level of Life
is that of Idris and Jesus (May God grant them peace) which, beingremoved from the requirements of humanity, rises to an angelic level of life and acquires aluminous fineness. Quite simply, Idris and Jesus are present in the heavens with their earthly bodies, which have the subtlety of bodies from the World of Similitudes and the luminosity of star-like bodies. The Hadith the meaning of which is, “At the end of time, Jesus (Upon whom be peace) will come and will act in accordance with the Shari‘a of Muhammad (PBUH),”
2
indicatesthat at the end of time the religion of Christianity will be purified and divest itself of superstitionin the face of the current of unbelief and atheism born of Naturalist philosophy, and will betransformed into Islam. At this point, the collective personality of Christianity will kill thefearsome collective personality of irreligion with the sword of heavenly Revelation; so too,representing the collective personality of Christianity, Jesus (Upon whom be peace) will kill theDajjal, who represents the collective personality of irreligion, that is, he will kill atheisticthought.
The Fourth Level of Life
is that of the martyrs. According to the Qur’an, the martyrs are at alevel of life higher than that of the other dead in their graves. Since the martyrs sacrificed their worldly lives in the way of truth, in His perfect munificence, Almighty God bestows on them inthe Intermediate Realm a life resembling earthly life, but without the sorrow and hardship. Theydo not know themselves to be dead, thinking only that they have gone to a better world. Theyenjoy themselves in perfect happiness and do not suffer the pains of separation that accompany ____________________ 
2.
 Bukhari
, Mazalim 31; Buyu’ 102;
 Muslim
, Iman 242, 343;
 Ibn Maja
, Fitan 33.
 
Letters / First Letter - p.23 
death. For sure the spirits of the dead are immortal, but they know themselves to be dead. Thehappiness and pleasure they experience in the Intermediate World are not equal to that of themartyrs. Like if two men in their dreams enter a beautiful palace resembling Paradise; one knows
 
that he is dreaming and the pleasure and enjoyment he receives are deficient. He thinks: “If Iwake up, all this enjoyment will disappear.” While the other man does not know he is dreaming,and he experiences true happiness and pleasure.The way the martyrs and other dead benefit from life in the Intermediate Realm is thus different.It has been established by innumerable incidents and narrations and it is certain that the martyrsmanifest life in that way and think that they are alive. Indeed, this level of life has beenilluminated and proved on repeated occasions by many occurrences like Hamza (May God be pleased with him) -the lord of the martyrs-protecting those that have recourse to him and performing and making performed matters in this world. I myself, even, had a nephew andstudent called Ubeyd. He was killed at my side and in my place and became a martyr. Then,when I was being held as a prisoner-of-war at a place three months’ distance away, I entered hisgrave in a true dream, which was in the form of a dwelling-place under the earth, although I didnot know where he was buried. I saw him living the level of life of martyrs. He evidently thoughtthat I was dead, and said that he had wept much for me. He thought that he was alive, but havingretreated from the Russian invasion, had made himself a good home under the ground. Thus,through a number of such indications, this unimportant dream afforded the conviction as certainas witnessing it concerning the above-mentioned truth.
The Fifth Level of Life
is that of the life of the spirits of the dead in their graves. Yes, death is achange of residence, the liberation of the spirit, a discharge from duties; it is not annihilation,non-existence, and a going to nothingness. Many evidences like innumerable occurrences of thespirits of the saints assuming forms and appearing to those who uncover the realities, and theother dead having relations with us while awake or sleeping and their telling us of things that areconformable with reality, evidences like these illuminate and prove this level of life. In fact, theTwenty-Ninth Word about the immortality of man’s spirit demonstrates this level of life withincontrovertible proofs.
Letters / First Letter - p.24 SECOND QUESTION
Verses like the following in the All-Wise Qur’an, the Criterion of Truth and Falsehood,
Who creates death and life that He may try you, which of you is the best in conduct 
,
3
 make it understood that “death is created like life; it too is a bounty.” Whereas apparently death isdissolution, non-existence, decay, the extinction of life, the annihilator of pleasures; how can it becreated and a bounty?
T h e A n s w e r :
As was stated at the end of the answer to the First Question, death is adischarge from the duties of life; it is a rest, a change of residence, a change of existence; it is aninvitation to an eternal life, a beginning, the introduction to an immortal life. Just as life comesinto the world through an act of creation and a determining, so too departure from the world isthrough a creation and determining, through a wise and purposeful direction. For the death of  plant life, the simplest level of life, shows that it is a more orderly work of art than life. For although the death of fruits, seeds, and grains appear to occur through decay and dissolution, their death is in fact a kneading which comprises an exceedingly well-ordered chemical reaction and

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