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Wie Is Er Nog Journalist

Wie Is Er Nog Journalist

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: denieuwereporter on Sep 06, 2012
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09/03/2014

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Wie is er nog journalist?
Welke notie van journa-list hanteren België ende Verenigde Staten?
Wie verdient er ten tijde van een netwerksamenleving en een in-formatiemaatschappij juridische bescherming als journalist?
Welke prerogatieven hebben journalisten?
!IY,,AZ[BH,ECNFTPN'?:\:'I").9-%"'!3%-"(#.()
juli 2012Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
prof. mr. J.H. Gerardsmr. drs. J.J.J. Sillen
!"#$%&#'&()$(%*&%'+$#,%-%%&.+%(.+%/0*#$&(00%&#
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
Waarom worden journalisten beschermd?
]43+(.#%7-"('>"88"('8"5..#)"'5+%1%#"$"7')%"'83+$"+7'/4.#7'3'"('%<'(%"-'8"/%--"(:'B..+4='>""@-')"'5"+7'""('7-+""50"'144+'45')"'2%##"<"3+%$"'83+$"+'"('2..+%('1%()"(')"/"'043+(.#%7-%"<"'144++"9>-"('>3('$+4()7#.$`
 
!
II
!
 VOORWOORD
 Voor u ligt de scriptie
‘Wie is er nog journalist? Wie verdient er ten tijde van een netwerksamenleving en een informatiemaatschappij juridische bescherming als journalist?’
Deze is binnen het vak Staatsrecht Verdiept geschreven alsonderdeel van de master Nederlands Recht aan de Radboud Universiteit. Dezescriptie is grofweg tot stand gekomen in de periode tussen eind december 2011en medio juli 2012.Dit is bij uitstek de plaats om de mensen die mij bij de verwerkelijking van dezescriptie hebben geholpen te bedanken. Allereerst is dat mijn scriptiebegeleiderJanneke Gerards, die mij steeds met opbouwende kritieken heeft geholpen enimmer klaar stond voor vragen. Belangrijk zijn ook Alexander Pleijter en KoenLemmens geweest. Beiden voorzagen ze me van goede bronnen (voorrespectievelijk het eerste en het vierde hoofdstuk) die mij hebben geholpen bijhet vlot schrijven van de scriptie. Ook mijn ouders en Anke Koenraadt die mijhebben ondersteund en aangemoedigd waar nodig, wil ik hier gaarnebedanken.Met groot genoegen heb ik zeven maanden onderzoek mogen doen naar de juridische notie van het begrip journalist. Ik hoop dat u dit met even veelgeneugte mag lezen.Henk Strikkers juli 2012
 
!
III
!
INHOUDSOPGAVE
INLEIDING 5DE VERANDERENDE JOURNALISTIEK 81.1
 
 Aspecten van de journalistiek 81.2
 
Journalistiek in het industriële tijdperk 111.3
 
Oorzaken van de veranderingen in de journalistiek 121.4
 
Journalistiek in het netwerktijdperk 141.5
 
De journalistieke taken herbezien 161.6
 
 Tot slot 19DE JURIDISCHE PREROGATIEVEN VAN DE JOURNALIST 212.1 Het recht op bronbescherming aan de hand van Europese jurisprudentie 222.2 Het verschoningsrecht van de journalist in Nederland 252.3 Beperkingen in de vervolgbaarheid van journalisten 352.4 Tot slot 40DE DEFINITIE VAN EEN JOURNALIST NAAR NEDERLANDS RECHT 423.1 Het wetsvoorstel-Jurgens 423.2 De nasleep van het arrest-
Goodwin
443.3 Wetenschappelijke verkenningen 463.4 Jurisprudentie 493.5 Het conceptwetsvoorstel bronbescherming voor journalisten 523.6 De aanwijzing toepassing dwangmiddelen tegen journalisten 543.7 Tot slot 55DE DEFINITIE VAN EEN JOURNALIST NAAR BELGISCH RECHT 564.1 Wet ter bescherming van journalistieke bronnen 564.2 Kritiek en correctie 604.3 Jurisprudentie 614.4 Toepassing van de wet door politiële en justitiële autoriteiten 624.5 Tot slot 62DE DEFINITIE VAN EEN JOURNALIST NAAR HET RECHT VAN DE VERENIGDESTATEN 645.1 De bescherming van de pers in de Verenigde Staten 645.2 Wie vormen de pers? 665.3 De Free Flow of Information Act 705.4 Wetenschappelijke literatuur naar aanleiding van deFree Flow of Information Act 705.5 Tot slot 72SAMENVATTING EN ADVIES 736.1 Samenvatting 73

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