Re-use of public sector information
Catalogue and highlights of studies, cases and key figures on economic effects of changing policies
Currently the Danish Government is considering a proposal for a
base data program
, aiming at amore efficient use and re-use of public key (or base) data within the public as well as the privatesector. Decisions about the financing and implementation of the program are still pending.Clear and increasingly common evidence
from Denmark and many other parts of the world
sup-ports the idea that that the value of re-using public sector information (PSI) is unexploited.However, today it is difficult to present detailed and robust business cases to decision makers as ex-tensive PSI re-use is assumed to require a rather fundamental change in the PSI policy. The necessarychange must effectively liberalise PSI re-use regimes by removing traditional barriers such as licencecharging and the imposing of intellectual property rights. Consequently, until now, changes have onlybeen implemented in a few places and to a limited extent; research and other investigations haveonly a slim empirical basis.Still, solid evidence of the potential value for society of improved PSI re-use exists and this documentseeks to collect and present these results in the form of a catalogue.The aim of this document is to support the Danish stakeholders as they proceed to decide on theimplementation of the base data program by providing a firm, fact-based, foundation for furtherdecision making. It does so by providing further context; setting out the economic effects observedfrom recent shifts towards marginal cost models for PSI re-use. Conclusions drawn from this eviden-ce may helpfully inform forthcoming stakeholder discussions
and the program’s
implementation.Indeed, as the issue of PSI re-use is also on the agenda in other countries, it is hoped that this docu-ment will benefit a wider audience still.Accordingly, this document highlights key economic research from around the world concerned withchanges to governmental PSI re-use charging policies. In particular, it focuses on increases in econo-mic activity, and the subsequent growth of employment and in innovation, which results from moreliberalised PSI re-use regimes adopted by public sector bodies (PSBs). In addition, where available, itprovides details on the effects of the policy changes on the PSBs themselves.
The article has been written by Marc de Vries, an independent Dutch consultant, who has beenworking on re-use of public sector information
mainly on legal issues and economic effects
forover 15 years, for the Dutch government as well as European institutions and other Member States.Obviously, the views in this article represent those of the author.
Søren Rude, Head of Division,The Danish Ministry for Housing, Urban and Rural Affairs