Part IWhat language does the term “negro” derive?
The term “negro” which means “black” is of Spanish and Portuguese extract andorigin. The languages of Portuguese and Spanish are in no way native or indigenous to Africa, consequently prior to colonization, the idiom “negro” wasnot in usage as a manner of describing the appearance of things. Typically whena nation has been colonized/conquered, the nation which has been colonizedusually adopts the language of the conquering nation. That being stated, we canactually approximate the date of initial utilization of the Portuguese/Spanishexpression “negro” in Africa.The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the PortugueseOverseas Empire (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire(Império Colonial Português), was the longest-lived of the modern Europeancolonial empires, spanning almost six centuries, beginning with the capture of Ceuta (
A city of northwest Africa, an enclave in Morocco on the Strait of Gibraltar)
in1415. After the conquest, in 1415, of the Moorish stronghold of Ceuta inMorocco, the Portuguese were the first Europeans, to explore the coast of Africa.In the 1460’s they built the first fort in Arguin (Mauritania); later in 1482 they werein the Gold Coast (Ghana). The Portuguese practically ruled undisputed on thecoast of Africa during the 15
centuries. Portuguese sailors beganexploring the coast of Africa in 1419, leveraging the latest developments innavigation, cartography and maritime technology such as the caravel, in order that they might find a sea route to the source of the lucrative spice trade.Portuguese territories eventually included the modern nations of Cape Verde,São Tomé and Príncipe, Guinea-Bissau, Angola, and Mozambique.Portuguese explorer Prince Henry, known as the Navigator, was the firstEuropean to methodically explore Africa and the oceanic route to the Indies.From his residence in the Algarve region of southern Portugal, he directedsuccessive expeditions to circumnavigate Africa. In 1420, Henry sent anexpedition to secure the uninhabited but strategic island of Madeira. In 1425, hetried to secure the Canary Islands as well, but these were already under firmCastilian control. In 1431, another Portuguese expedition reached and annexedthe Azores.