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Bus Rail Interface White Paper

Bus Rail Interface White Paper

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Published by: sourcemetro on Sep 06, 2012
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Metro Bus/Rail Interface
Since the opening of the Metro Blue Line in 1990, Metro has planned review andplanned changes for bus lines that paralleled, intersected or traveled near thenew rail line. As a function of the Environmental Review Process, a Bus RailInterface Plan is developed that reviewed parallel bus lines that operate near anew rail line. As customary with proposed changes to bus service, publichearings were held to hear customer’s comments.The following provides a history of the major bus changes that have occurredwith the opening of each rail line, up through the Metro Gold Line. This paper focuses mainly on the parallel lines that were either modified or discontinued.For comparison, ridership is shown prior to the rail opening, and after theopening with the modified bus service and the new rail line. Keep in mind thatthese are not all the changes that took place each time a rail line opened. Inmany cases, local lines were modified to serve a rail station, but no other changewas made. These are not reflected in this exercise.
Blue Line Bus/Rail Interface
The Metro Blue Line opened on July 14, 1990 from the Pico Station to the Anaheim Station in Long Beach. The final stations, 7
th
/Metro and the new LongBeach Transit Mall opened for service on February 15, 1991. Today, the BlueLine operates every six minutes in the peak travel period.By June 1991, the following service changes that paralleled the Blue Line hadbeen completed:
Local Line 61
 – Line 61 operated as a branch of Line 60 from Downtown Los Angeles to Downey, and was replaced by a rerouting of Lines 117 and 251.Regular Local Line 60 service from Downtown Long Beach to Los Angelesremained. Later, due to reduced patronage in the City of Long Beach, the Line60 terminal was moved from Downtown Long Beach to the Artesia Blue LineStation. Owl service is still provided by Line 60 after the Blue Line ends nightlyservice, and Long Beach Transit Lines 51 and 52 also provide local stop serviceon Long Beach Bl.
Limited Stop Line 360
– A peak hour service and part of the Local Line 60schedule, was discontinued. Patrons could still ride Line 60 or the Blue Line toDowntown Los Angeles.
Limited Stop Line 351
– As a part of the Local Line 51 schedule, the limited stopservice only operated Monday through Friday, peak hours only. Patrons are stillprovided with Local Line 51 service from Compton to Downtown Los Angeles.
 
Limited Stop Line 358
– This limited stop service operated every 50 minutes inthe peak periods only, Monday through Friday. Service operated fromParamount to Downtown Los Angeles via Alameda St.
Express Line 456
– Operating from Downtown Long Beach to Downtown Los Angeles via the I-710 and I-5 Fwys, daily service operated every 30 minutes, andevery 60 minutes after 7PM. The line operated a locally from Downtown LongBeach, entering the I-710 Fwy north of Del Amo Bl in North Long Beach. Theline existed the I-5 Fwy at Soto St and continued west on 6
th
St into DowntownLos Angeles.
Express Line 457
– Beginning at PCH and 2
nd
St in East Long Beach, servicecontinued west on 2
nd
St, north on Ximeno Av to the Traffic Circle, north onLakewood Bl to a Park and Ride at Wardlow Rd, then entered the I-405 Fwynorth and then via the I-710 Fwy north to Downtown Los Angeles via the route of Line 456. It operated only on weekdays, with eight trips in the morning andafternoon, in the peak direction of travel only. Service operated every 20minutes.
 
Red Line Bus/Rail Interface
The Metro Red Line, now known as the Purple and Red Line, opened in four phases, however, changes to the bus system didn’t begin until the line reachedthe third opening (known as MOS 2B) to Hollywood and Vine on July 12, 1999.The final Bus Rail Interface Plan was implemented when the final opening toNorth Hollywood (MOS 3) occurred on June 24, 2000. Some lines were modifieda few years later.While many local lines in the San Fernando Valley were modified to serve nearbyUniversal or North Hollywood Stations, most of the lines affected by the railopening were express lines that began in Downtown Los Angeles and continuedto the San Fernando Valley using the I-101 Fwy. This discussion focuses on theexpress lines that were replaced by the Red Line from Downtown LA to theValley. Freeway stops were made at Alvarado Bl, Vermont Av, and Western Av(also stations on the Red Line). The I-101 Fwy, then as now, is affected byevents that can not be anticipated and placed into a consistent and reliable busschedule. For example, Hollywood Bowl, Dodger and Laker events, an accidentor rainy weather, and Friday/Saturday night traffic affected on-time performanceon the bus lines. The Metro Red Line provides a comfortable ride, consistentheadways with predictable and reliable service that is not affected by freewaytraffic delays.The Metro Red Line has led to growth in travel on Metro Local lines feeding therail system, along with attracting new patrons to rail. The travel time is also faster than the bus, assuming it was on time. For example, one of the discontinued buslines that operated from Downtown LA to Universal Station was Express Line420. It began in Downtown Los Angeles and operated via the I-101 Fwy to SantaMonica Bl, then continued west to Highland Av, Cahuenga Bl and Ventura Bl toVineland Av, serving the intersection of Ventura and Lankershim Bls (adjacent tothe Universal Station). Its on-time performance was affected not only by thefreeway, but also special events in Hollywood. In comparison, Line 420 took 45minutes to travel from Temple and Hill Sts in Downtown Los Angeles to Vineland Av. Today, the Metro Red Line takes 24 minutes from the Civic Center Station tothe Universal Station.The following describes the express lines affected by the opening of the MetroRed Line:
Line 420
– Weekday service operated every 5 to 6 minutes in the peak periods,and every 10 minutes during the day. Service began at Panorama Mall on VanNuys Bl, continue south on Van Nuys Bl (today Lines 233 and 761), then east onBurbank and Chandler Bls (today the Metro Orange Line) to Vineland Av toVentura Bl, following the above described route to Downtown Los Angeles. InJuly, 1999, the line was discontinued at Santa Monica Bl and Vermont Av. Oncethe Metro Red Line was extended to North Hollywood, the line was discontinued.

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