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Baled Hay Industry Alert

Baled Hay Industry Alert

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Published by Komu News
APHIS released a two-page advisory for producers, sellers and buyers of baled hay.
APHIS released a two-page advisory for producers, sellers and buyers of baled hay.

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Published by: Komu News on Sep 06, 2012
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10/05/2013

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 APHIS
Industry Alert
Plant Protection and Quarantine
August 2012
Questions and Answersfor Producers, Sellers,and Buyers of BaledHay Moving From AreasUnder Quarantine forImported Fire Ant
Through its regulations to prevent the movement andestablishment of the imported fire ant, the U.S. Depart-ment of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant HealthInspection Service (APHIS) seeks to facilitate the safemovement of agricultural products and commodities,including baled hay, out of areas under quarantine forthe pest. USDA’s goal is to help support commerce,while guarding against the further spread of theimported fire ant.Weather conditions can prompt farmers to seeksources of hay for their livestock that may include hayfrom suppliers within areas of the country under quar-antine for imported fire ant. While some hay producedin these areas is prohibited from moving outside of thequarantine zone, most hay can move without restric-tion. In addition, there are simple steps hay growersand suppliers inside the quarantine area for importedfire ant can take to ensure their product can movequickly and easily to where it’s needed by farmers andlivestock. APHIS is providing the following informationto help respond to questions from farmers, ranchers,hay growers, and suppliers, as well as our State planthealth regulatory partners, as they work to respond toadverse weather conditions and find important feedsources for livestock.
Q. What is the quarantine zone for importedfire ant?A.
Most of the southeastern United States is currentlyunder quarantine. In addition, most of Texas, southernOklahoma, all of Dona Ana County in New Mexico,all of Orange County and parts of Los Angeles andRiverside counties in California, and all of Puerto Ricoare under quarantine. To determine whether you are ina quarantine area, visit USDA’s Web site atwww.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/ fireants/zipcode.shtml and click the “Check your zipcode now” link.
Q. What kind of hay is regulated in these areasfor imported fire ant?A.
In quarantine areas, USDA only regulates baledhay and baled straw that are stored in direct contactwith the ground, because it poses a risk for harboringimported fire ants. This hay can move anywhere withinthe quarantine area but cannot move out of the quar-antine area. In addition, any hay that contains soil maynot leave the quarantine area.
Q. Under what conditions can baled hay leave thequarantine area without restrictions?A.
Baled hay that meets any of the requirements belowis not regulated and has no movement restrictions:
For baled hay that is stacked, all bales exceptthe bottom layer that is in direct contact with theground.
Hay that is cut, baled, loaded, and shipped withoutstorage.
Baled hay that is stored on an impervious surfacesuch as hard pan (highly compressed soil), asphalt,concrete, etc.
Baled hay that is stored elevated above the soilon pallets or tires or stored on landscaping clothplaced over the soil.
Q. What are some best management practices forbaled hay storage that reduces the chance of fireants infesting the hay?A.
USDA has created a brochure titled Attention BaledHay Producers—Don’t Transport Imported Fire Ants”that contains detailed information for producers. It isavailable online at www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/ plant_pest_info/fireants/downloads/BaledHayProducers.pdf.Some of the best management practices described inthe brochure include:
Applying fire ant bait (insecticide) around theoutside of hay storage areas.
Storing hay on an impervious surface such asasphalt, concrete, or hard pan.
Elevating hay in the field onto a pallet or tire orplacing it on landscaping cloth so it is not in directcontact with the ground.

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