1. What do Secular, Secularisation, and SecularisationTheory Mean?
...the ongoing, growing, and powerful movement called secularism, a way of understandingand living that is indifferent to religion -- in fact, not even concerned enough to pay it anyattention, much less oppose it.
National Council of Churches
denotes something that is not religious innature. So, many people are not religious so they lead
. But belief and practice aren't synonymous, so manythings can be secular in nature even though the individualsinvolved are religious.
You can therefore have a seculargovernment, whose activities are not religious and who doesnot codify or represent a particular religion. This is thenorm in democratic countries.
The individuals that make up thegovernment are rightly free to have whatever religion theywant, as are the populace. Because of this freedom, in amulticultural world, there is a requirement for governmentsnot to cause resentment or divisions by identifying itselfwith a particular religion.
The most well-known phrase proposing secular democracy as an ideal is Jefferson's "wallof separation between church and state" [paraphrased].
Secularisation is the process of things becoming more secular.Most of the Western world has seen this paradigm come todominate politics and civil life,starting from the time ofthe Enlightenment.Secularisation Theory is the theory in sociology that associety advances, religion retreats. Intellectual andscientific developments have undermined the spiritual,supernatural, superstitious and paranormal ideas on which