Hatha YogaHatha yoga or the
physical aspects of yoga is essentiallya part of Raja Yoga. It was introduced to make the body afit instrument for long meditative practices. In laterperiods, this became a discipline on its own , mainly as aphysical training method. But it should be noted thathatha yoga is the necessary preparation for any raja yogi,while other yogis may neglect or even avoid hatha yoga. Iknow many jnanis frowning upon hatha yoga as an inferiormethod and a distraction focusing on body .Hatha yoga means 'bodily yoga' and the word 'ha' means sunand 'tha' means moon and this is about the bringingtogether of two paths in our body--for instance ida andpingala nerves which surya -sun nadi and chandra -moonnadi
.Since hatha yoga is part of Raja Yoga, the basic text ofRaja Yoga , Patanjali's Yoga sutras ,became the standardand holy text for hatha yoga as well.
Patanjali's Yoga SutrasPatanjali
was a sage of first or second century CE, thoughsome would place him much earlier. Very little is knownabout this sage. He spoke these cryptic verses oraphorisms ,called 'sutras'.