i, j, k
= allowable numbers of axle load repetitions for i
axle load level for each j
axle type and k
temperature gradient during specified period. j = 2 (single axle and tandem axle) for bottom-up cracking and 3 (single axle, tandemaxle and tridem axle) for top-down cracking.k = 2 (six hour mid-day period from 10 AM to 4 PM and another six hour nightperiod from 0 AM to 6 AM).The above suggested approach is on similar lines as used in MEPDG 2008. Relevantexcerpts from MEPDG, 2008 are reproduced below:
For JPCP transverse cracking, both bottom-up and top-down modes of cracking areconsidered. Under typical service conditions, the potential for either mode of cracking is present in all slabs. Any given slab may crack either from bottom-up or top-down, but not both. Therefore, the predicted bottom-up and top-down cracking are not particularlymeaningful by themselves, and combined cracking must be determined, excluding the
possibility of both modes of cracking occurring on the same slab.”
Accordingly, accumulated fatigue damage after considering all critical factors forJPCP transverse cracking is computed by the following general expression:
i j k l m ni j k l m n
n FD N
total fatigue damage (top-down or bottom-up).
applied number of load applications at condition i, j, k, l, m, n.
allowable number of load applications at condition i, j, k, l, m, n.
age (accounts for change in PCC modulus of rupture, layer bondcondition,deterioration of shoulder LTE).
month (accounts for change in base and effective dynamic modulus of subgradereaction).
axle type (single, tandem, and tridem for bottom-up cracking; short, medium,and long wheelbase for top-down cracking).
load level (incremental load for each axle type).
traffic path.The applied number of load applications (n
) is the actual number of axle type k of load level l that passed through traffic path n under each condition (age, season, andtemperature difference). The allowable number of load applications is the number of loadcycles at which fatigue failure is expected (corresponding to 50 percent slab cracking) and isa function of the applied stress and PCC strength. The allowable number of load applicationsis determined using the following fatigue model:
ii j k l m ni j k l m n
allowable number of load applications at condition i, j, k, l, m, n
PCC modulus of rupture at age i, psi
applied stress at condition i, j, k, l, m, n