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'NGOs- Social Empowerment for Sustainable Development_' by Brian Bolzan

'NGOs- Social Empowerment for Sustainable Development_' by Brian Bolzan

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Published by: Global Vision International Fiji on Sep 10, 2012
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09/10/2012

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BrianBolzanIMPProjectProspectusInternationalDevelopment20April2012NGOs:SocialEmpowermentforSustainableDevelopment?NGOsthatareaccountabletotheneedsofthecommunitytheyoperatewithinarethemostsuccessfulatimplementingsustainabledevelopment 
.
ThemostappropriatemeasureofsuccessinNGOsissustainabledevelopmentorhowlong‐termtheirinitiativesarefocused
.
Itisthemostresilientmodelwhenconsideringmanyofthecomplexproblemsfacedbydevelopingregions
.
Developmentisnotonesizefitsalland,thus,interventionsneedtobecommunity‐specificinordertoimplementsolutionsthatmeettheneedsofbothcurrentandfuturegenerations
.
Non‐governmentalorganizationsareforemostaccountabletotheexpectationsoftheirdonors;thiscansometimesbedivergentwiththeactualneedsoftheirconstituency
.
Frequently,NGOschannelaidresourcestowardinfrastructuralupgradesthatefficientlydeliversocialservicestocommunities
.
However,thetransmissionoftechnicalandorganizationalskillsdoesn’talwaysoccuratthesamerateasthetransferofthetechnology
.
Thisreducestheautonomyofcommunitiestomaintaintheirinfrastructureand,counterintuitively,cancreatedependence
.
Failure,then,canbeseenasthelackofinvestmentandeducationinthelocalcapacitytomaintaininfrastructure
.
NGO’sachievesustainabledevelopmentwhen
 
theyengageinsocialempowermentinadditiontothedevelopmentofessentialinfrastructure
.
InternationalDevelopmentassistanceandbyextensiontheaidsystemweretraditionallyfunctionsofthestate
.
TheintroductionofneoliberalreformsundertheWashingtonConsensusintheglobalSouthrationalizedtheefficiencyofthefreemarketindeliveringeconomicgrowth
.
NeoliberalpolicyprescriptionsoftheInternationalMonetaryFundandWorldBankconditioneddevelopingcountriesintomakingstructuraladjustmentstotradebarriers,privatizeservices,andderegulateindustryinordertosecureloansforinfrastructuraldevelopment 
.
Theexpectationisthatbyreducingnationalfiscalimbalances,economiesshouldbecomemoremarket‐orientedandraiselivingstandards
.
However,thismodelisnotuniversallyadaptableandevenwithmoreparticipatoryapproachesofdraftingPovertyReductionStrategyPaperstheoutcomehaspredictablybeeneconomicstagnation(Atack855)
.
Non‐governmentalorganizations,asthethirdactor,havehadtoassumethefunctionofdeliveringsocialserviceswiththediminishedroleofthestateindevelopment 
.
TheirrelativeautonomyanddepoliticizedorganizationhaveenabledNGOstointerveneandimplementsustainabledevelopmentprojectsinunderdevelopedregionswithvaryingdegreesofsuccess
.
TheeffectivenessofinitiativesdependsonhowNGOsassesstheirtargets,howresourcesareallocated,howprojectsaremanaged,andtheirlong‐termefficacy
.
Projectsthatfocusonlong‐
 
termimpactratherthanshort‐termoutputofcapitalareinherentlymoregrassrootsorientedand,thus,moreeffectiveatimplementingdynamicinfrastructure
.
Thedeclineofthestate’sroleindevelopmenthassignifiedatransitionfromtop‐downbureaucraticgrowthtoamoredemocratizedbottom‐upapproachtosocialimprovement 
.
NGOsrepresentanewpolicyconsensusofdemocratization,steppingintomeettheneedsofmarginalsectorsofsociety
.
Ideally,abalancedpartnershipbetweenthestateandNGOscouldinstituteameansofholdingnon‐governmentalorganizationsaccountabletotheinterestsofsociety
.
Theshifttowardtheprovisionofsocialservicesislinkedtonecessityofthepoorestsectionsofpopulationsintheretreatofthestate
.
Multi‐laterallendinginstitutionshavecomeunderscrutinyinrecentyearsasaidhasbeenmisusedandthemismanagementofprojectshasledtoalackofinterventioninmarginalcommunities(Malunga1‐50)
.
NGOsrepresentanalternative,astheyhavebeenmoreefficientatcreatingincome‐generatingopportunities
.
Akeytotheirrelativesuccessistheimplementationofbeneficiaryparticipationastheirinclusiveapproachtoenablingcapacitybuildingforcommitmenttothemaintenanceofprojects
.
Thereisnoconflictbetweentheefficiencyoftheprivateandpublicasthisformofcommunitydevelopmentcreatesmultiplestakeholderswhohaveacommoninterestinimprovingstandardsofliving
.
Arguablyoneofthemostredistributivemeansofimplementingsocial‐sectorreformsisthroughtargetingessentialinfrastructurethatcanhelptobufferagainsttheeffectsofstructuraladjustment 
.
Often,resourcesaredirectedtowardurban

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