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Open Loop Control Of Series Parallel Resonant Converter

Open Loop Control Of Series Parallel Resonant Converter

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Published by IDES
Resonant converters are desirable for power
conversion due to their comparatively smaller size and
lower power losses resulting from high-frequency
operation and inherent soft switching. Among all the
topologies of the resonant converters, the series–parallel
resonant converter (SPRC) is known to have the
combined merits of the series resonant converter and
parallel resonant converter. The converter can regulate
the output voltage at a constant switching frequency even
for a change in load resistance from full load resistance to
infinity while maintaining good part load efficiency. The
purpose of this project is to design a closed loop
controller for the phase-controlled series parallel
resonant converter (PC SPRC). The open loop analysis
and closed loop control has been provided in this paper.
Resonant converters are desirable for power
conversion due to their comparatively smaller size and
lower power losses resulting from high-frequency
operation and inherent soft switching. Among all the
topologies of the resonant converters, the series–parallel
resonant converter (SPRC) is known to have the
combined merits of the series resonant converter and
parallel resonant converter. The converter can regulate
the output voltage at a constant switching frequency even
for a change in load resistance from full load resistance to
infinity while maintaining good part load efficiency. The
purpose of this project is to design a closed loop
controller for the phase-controlled series parallel
resonant converter (PC SPRC). The open loop analysis
and closed loop control has been provided in this paper.

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ACEEE International Journal on Electrical and Power Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 2010
Open Loop Control Of Series Parallel ResonantConverter 
Dr. S. Muralidharan and S. Aparna (PG Student)
Department of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringMepco Schlenk Engineering CollegeSivakasi, Indiayes_murali@yahoo.com and s.aparna87@gmail.com
 Abstract 
 — 
Resonant converters are desirable for powerconversion due to their comparatively smaller size andlower power losses resulting from high-frequencyoperation and inherent soft switching. Among all thetopologies of the resonant converters, the series–parallelresonant converter (SPRC) is known to have thecombined merits of the series resonant converter andparallel resonant converter. The converter can regulatethe output voltage at a constant switching frequency evenfor a change in load resistance from full load resistance toinfinity while maintaining good part load efficiency. Thepurpose of this project is to design a closed loopcontroller for the phase-controlled series parallelresonant converter (PC SPRC). The open loop analysisand closed loop control has been provided in this paper.
 Index Terms
 —Digital control, modeling, phase-shiftcontrol and resonant power conversion.
I. I
 NTRODUCTION
 Power electronic systems are widely used today to provide power processing for applications rangingfrom computing and communications to medicalelectronics, appliance control, transportation, and high- power transmission. The associated power l0.00cmevels range from milliwatts to megawatts.These systems typically involve switching circuitscomposed of semiconductor switches such asthyristors, MOSFETs, and diodes, along with passiveelements such as inductors, capacitors, and resistors,and integrated circuits for control.To reduce the size of  power supplies intended for use in modem computingsystems, it is desirable to raise the operating frequencyto reduce the size of reactive components. To reducethe higher switching losses resulting from higher frequency operation, resonant power conversion isreceiving renewed interest.Resonant power conversion technology offers manyadvantages in comparison with PWM one. Amongthem are low electromagnetic interference (EMI), lowswitching losses, small volume and weight of components due to high operating frequency, highefficiency, and low reverse-recovery losses in diodes because of low di/dt
 
at turn-off. However, mostfrequency-controlled resonant converters, suffer from awide range of frequencies which is required to regulateoutput voltage against load and line variations. Thismakes it difficult to filter EMI and effectively utilizemagnetic components. A
s
a remedy for these problems,full bridge topologies of phase-controlled resonantinverters and converters have been proposedResonant converters are desirable for poweconversion due to their comparatively smaller size andlower power losses resulting from high-frequencyoperation and inherent soft switching. Among all thetopologies of the resonant converters, the series–  parallel resonant converter (SPRC) shares theadvantages of both the pure series converter and pure parallel converter [1]. To regulate the output of anSPRC, frequency control or phase control are usuallyused. The frequency control can be used in a half- bridge configuration. The phase control requires a full- bridge circuit. It allows, however, for a constantfrequency operation. Some of the phase-controlledconverters, for example, the phase-controlled SPRC(PC SPRC) introduced in [2], are capable of providinginductive loads for the switching devices in both legsof the inverter bridge. Thus, the reverse recoverycurrents through the antiparallel diodes in the switchesare minimized, and the power losses are reduced.The main advantage of series resonant converter isthat the series resonant capacitors act as a dc blockingcapacitor. Because of this fact this converter is used infull bridge arrangements without any additional controlto control unbalance in the power FET switching timesand forward voltage drops. The main advantage of  parallel resonant converter is that it is extremelydesirable for applications with short circuit proof. Alsoin this converter, the current carried by the power FET’s and resonant components is relativelyindependent of load. The series parallel resonantconverter combines the above said advantages.II.PROPOSED CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
The PC SPRC consists of two identical series–  parallel inverters. Each inverter is composed of two switches with their anti parallel diodes and aseries–parallel resonant circuit with a shared parallel-connected capacitor 2
Cp
. These tworesonant circuits form an overall resonant tank,which is symmetrical with respect to 2
Cp.
The dc
61© 2010 ACEEEDOI: 01.ijepe.01.02.12
 
ACEEE International Journal on Electrical and Power Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 2010
load R is connected to this resonant tank through arectifier and an output filter.
Fig.1. Circuit diagram
 
If the switching frequency is fixed at a value close tothe resonant frequency, the output voltage
Vo
can beregulated against load and line variations by varying the phase shift between the voltages that drive inverter 1and inverter 2 while maintaining a fixed operatingfrequency and inductive loads for both pairs of switches. For inductively loaded switching legs, zero-voltage switching can be accomplished by adding ashunt capacitor in parallel with one of the switches ineach leg and using a dead time in drive voltages of MOSFET’s. The converter is suitable for medium-to-high power applications with the upper switchingfrequency limit of 150 kHz
.
 A Assumptions
The analysis of the PC SPRI of Fig. 1 begins withthe following simplifying assumptions:1) The loaded quality factor Q
L
 
of the inverter ishigh enough so that the currents i
1
 
and i
2
 
are sinusoidal.2)
 
The power MOSFET’s
 
are modeled by switcheswith ON-resistances
DS
 .
 
3)
 
The reactive components of the resonant circuitsare passive, linear, time invariant, and do not have parasitic resonances.4)
 
Components of both resonant circuits areidentical
 B Block Diagram
Fig.2. Block Diagram
 
The DC supply is given to the series parallel inverter with resonant tank which produces alternating voltagesand currents due to resonance. This AC output is fed toa class-D voltage driven rectifier to obtain rectifiedoutput. The resonant converter is used in low voltage power supply applications
C Simulation Results
Simulation is done in MATLAB programminglanguage for the above mentioned problem and theresearch is going on in to get absolute result. Thesimulation model are shown in the fig 3,4 and 5
 
Fig.3. Simulation circuit with variable load62© 2010 ACEEEDOI: 01.ijepe.01.02.12
 
ACEEE International Journal on Electrical and Power Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 2010
 
Fig.5. Series Variable Load Producing CircuitFig.6. Simulation Result
variable load
    +
  -
powerguiContinuous
Voltage Measurement2
v+-
Voltage Measurement1
v+-
Voltage Measurement
 
v+-
Series RLC Branch4Series RLC Branch3Series RLC Branch2Series RLC Branch1Series RLC BranchScope3Scope2Scope1Scope 
 
In1Pulses
Mosfet3
   g     m     D     S 
Mosfet2
   g     m     D     S 
Mosfet1
 
   g     m     D     S 
Mosfet
 
   g     m     D     S 
Discrete 
 
PIDiode3Diode2Diode1DiodeDC Voltage SourceCurrent Measurement1
i+-
Current Measurement
 
i+-
Constant65
 
Fig.7. Resonant Converter Circuit With Controller 
respectively. The rectified output is constant for fixedload and it varies for variable load. The analysis showsthat the combination series-parallel converter can runover a large input voltage range and a large load range(no load to full load) while maintaining excellentefficiency when compared to series and parallelresonant converters analysed separately
 D Experimental Results
A phase controlled series parallel resonant converter has been simulated with variable load. The naturalresonant frequency is 18.268 kHz for this converter,and the switching frequency is 1.05 times the resonantfrequency, or 19.181 kHz. The designed resonantcircuit resistance, series inductance and seriescapacitance values are 5 Ω, 1.1 mH
 
and 0.1 μFrespectively. The parallel capacitance value in theresonant tank is 0.22 nF. The waveforms of the voltageacross the parallel capacitor C
 p
and the current throughthe resonant circuit of the inverter is shown in Fig.4. Itcan be seen that these waveforms are sinusoidal over awide range of the load resistance, which confirms theassumption 4). The simulation has provided a rectifiedoutput voltage of 100 V for fixed resistive load of 100Ω. The output voltage and output current responses for 63© 2010 ACEEEDOI: 01.ijepe.01.02.12

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