ACEEE International Journal on Electrical and Power Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 2010
Open Loop Control Of Series Parallel ResonantConverter
Dr. S. Muralidharan and S. Aparna (PG Student)
Department of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringMepco Schlenk Engineering CollegeSivakasi, Indiayes_murali@yahoo.com and firstname.lastname@example.org
Resonant converters are desirable for powerconversion due to their comparatively smaller size andlower power losses resulting from high-frequencyoperation and inherent soft switching. Among all thetopologies of the resonant converters, the series–parallelresonant converter (SPRC) is known to have thecombined merits of the series resonant converter andparallel resonant converter. The converter can regulatethe output voltage at a constant switching frequency evenfor a change in load resistance from full load resistance toinfinity while maintaining good part load efficiency. Thepurpose of this project is to design a closed loopcontroller for the phase-controlled series parallelresonant converter (PC SPRC). The open loop analysisand closed loop control has been provided in this paper.
—Digital control, modeling, phase-shiftcontrol and resonant power conversion.
Power electronic systems are widely used today to provide power processing for applications rangingfrom computing and communications to medicalelectronics, appliance control, transportation, and high- power transmission. The associated power l0.00cmevels range from milliwatts to megawatts.These systems typically involve switching circuitscomposed of semiconductor switches such asthyristors, MOSFETs, and diodes, along with passiveelements such as inductors, capacitors, and resistors,and integrated circuits for control.To reduce the size of power supplies intended for use in modem computingsystems, it is desirable to raise the operating frequencyto reduce the size of reactive components. To reducethe higher switching losses resulting from higher frequency operation, resonant power conversion isreceiving renewed interest.Resonant power conversion technology offers manyadvantages in comparison with PWM one. Amongthem are low electromagnetic interference (EMI), lowswitching losses, small volume and weight of components due to high operating frequency, highefficiency, and low reverse-recovery losses in diodes because of low di/dt
at turn-off. However, mostfrequency-controlled resonant converters, suffer from awide range of frequencies which is required to regulateoutput voltage against load and line variations. Thismakes it difficult to filter EMI and effectively utilizemagnetic components. A
a remedy for these problems,full bridge topologies of phase-controlled resonantinverters and converters have been proposedResonant converters are desirable for power conversion due to their comparatively smaller size andlower power losses resulting from high-frequencyoperation and inherent soft switching. Among all thetopologies of the resonant converters, the series– parallel resonant converter (SPRC) shares theadvantages of both the pure series converter and pure parallel converter . To regulate the output of anSPRC, frequency control or phase control are usuallyused. The frequency control can be used in a half- bridge configuration. The phase control requires a full- bridge circuit. It allows, however, for a constantfrequency operation. Some of the phase-controlledconverters, for example, the phase-controlled SPRC(PC SPRC) introduced in , are capable of providinginductive loads for the switching devices in both legsof the inverter bridge. Thus, the reverse recoverycurrents through the antiparallel diodes in the switchesare minimized, and the power losses are reduced.The main advantage of series resonant converter isthat the series resonant capacitors act as a dc blockingcapacitor. Because of this fact this converter is used infull bridge arrangements without any additional controlto control unbalance in the power FET switching timesand forward voltage drops. The main advantage of parallel resonant converter is that it is extremelydesirable for applications with short circuit proof. Alsoin this converter, the current carried by the power FET’s and resonant components is relativelyindependent of load. The series parallel resonantconverter combines the above said advantages.II.PROPOSED CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
The PC SPRC consists of two identical series– parallel inverters. Each inverter is composed of two switches with their anti parallel diodes and aseries–parallel resonant circuit with a shared parallel-connected capacitor 2
. These tworesonant circuits form an overall resonant tank,which is symmetrical with respect to 2
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